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52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
drought
a time of little or no rain
natural resource
something found in nature that people can use
product
something people make or grow, usually to sell
scarce
limited
mineral
a natural substance found in rocks
fuel
a natural resource such coal, oil, or natural gas, that is used to make heat or energy
conservation
protecting natural resources and using them wisely
renewable resources
resources that can be replaced as they are used up
recycle
use resources again
nonrenewable
resources that can not be replaced
pollution
anything that makes a natural resource dirty or unsafe to use
classify
group
elevation
the height of the land
relief
differences in elevation
absolute location
an exact position on Earth's surface
lines of latitude
lines on a globe or map that run east and west
parallels
lines of latitude lines that are the same distance apart
longitude
lines on a map or globe that run north and south
meridians
lines of longitude
hemisphere
half of the Earth's sphere
equator
halfway line between the North and South Poles
prime meridian
divides the Earth into the Western and Eastern Hemispheres.
Continents
largest land areas on Earth
relative location
When you describe where a place is in realation to other places
gulf
a part of an ocean or sea extending into land.
strait
a narrow channel of water that connects two larger bodies of water.
isthmus
a narrow piece of land that connects two larger land areas
ancestors
early family members
landform
one of the shapes, such as mountains, hills, valleys or plains, that make up the Earth's surface
mountain range
a group of connected mountains
sea level
the level at the surface of the oceans.
piedmont
an area at or near the foot of a mountain
plateau
mostly flat land that rises above the surrounding land
coastal plain
low land that lies along an ocean or other large body of water
peninsula
land that is almost entirely surrounded by water
basin
low, bowl-shaped land with higher ground around it
canyon
a deep, narrow valley with steep sides
ground water
the water beneath Earth's surface
source
the place where a river begins
channel
the deepest part of a river or another body of water
mouth
the place where a river empties into a larger body of water
tributary
a stream or river that flows into a larger stream or river
river system
a river and its tributaries
drainage basin
the land drained by a river system
erosion
the wearing awy of Earth's surface
floodplain
the low, flat land along a river
delta
the triangle-shaped land at a river's mouth
precipitation
water in the form of rain, sleet, or snow that falls to the Earth's surface
climate
the kind of weather a place has over a long time
humidity
the amount of moisture in the air
tornado
a funnel-shaped, spinning windstorm
hurricane
a huge tropical storm with heavy rains and winds that reach up 175 miles per hour