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44 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Name the 12 cranial nerves and their basic functions.
1. Olfactory (smell) 2. Optic (sight) 3. Oculomotor (all eye movement except lat. and up and out) 4. Trochelar (eye up and out) 5. Trigeminal (muscles of chewing and sensation to the face) 6. Abducens (eye lateral) 7. Facial (Muscles of facial expression) 8. Auditory (balance and hearing) 9. Glossopharynegeal (mm of pharynx and sensation to the back of the tongue) 10. Vagus (motor and sensory to heart, lungs, pharynx, larynx, and viscera) 11. Spinal Accessory (sternocleidomastoid/trapezius mm) 12. Hypoglossal (mm of the tongue)
What movement would you test for spinal segment C4?
shoulder shrug
what movement would you test for spinal segment C5?
Shoulder abduction, external rotation
what movement would you test for spinal segment C6?
Wrist extension, elbow flexion
What movement would you test for spinal segment C7?
Wrist flexion, elbow extension
What movement would you test for spinal segment C8?
Wrist ulnar deviation, thumb motion
What movement would you test for spinal segment T1?
Abduction/adduction of fingers
What movement would you test for spinal segment L2?
Hip flexion
What movement would you test for spinal segment L3?
Hip flexion, knee extension
What movement would you test for spinal segment L4?
Knee extension, ankle dorsiflexion
What movement would you test for spinal segment L5?
Ankle dorsiflexion and eversion, toe extension
What movement would you test for spinal segment S1?
Ankle plantar flexion and eversion, knee flexion.
What movement would you test for spinal segment S2?
knee flexion, ankle plantar flexion
A rhythmic oscillation of a mm in response to sustained stretch in pts. with adn UPPER MOTOR NEURON disease or condition is known as?
Clonus
Which tract carries pain and temperature?
Lateral spinothalamic tract
What track carries touch and pressure?
Anterior spinothalamic tract
What track diffuses pain sensation?
Spinoreticular tract
Sitting with an 80 degree hip angle adn an anterior or pelvic tilt to inhibit a total trunk extension pattern would be a good treatment intervention for what--hyper/hypotonicity???
HYPERtonicity--this decreases tone and reflexes
A systemic connective tissue disease that involves morning stiffness is known as...?
Rheumatoid Arthritis
An inflammation of the peripheral nerve that commonly occurs in diabetes, shingles, RA, and other disorders is known as?
Neuritis
What type of UE prosthetics are used to produce holding or prehension--most are hook and hand?
Terminal devices
What type of UE prosethtics are closed at rest and open with voluntary movement of the amputee while rubber bands provide the closing grip force?
Voluntary opening device
What type of UE device is one that is open at rest and closed with amputee movement and is NOT commonly used?
Voluntary closing device
A pt. with an acute diagnosis of CABG should NOT do what in therapy because it increases their heart rate up too much?
NO UE excercises or arm ergonometry
Activities such as cleaning windwos, slow walking and cycling, archery, golf and fishing would be appropriate for a person with what MET levels?
3-4 MET
Activities such as shoveling 10lbs., cycling (11mph), light snow shoveling, light downhill skiing would be appropriate for a person with what MET levels?
6-7
Loss of voluntary movment of the LEFT side, unilateral neglect, hemianopsial, personality changes, and dressing apraxia are typical of what type of stroke?
RIGHT hemisphere
Aphasia, dysarthria, visual field loss, and memory deficits are typical of what type of stroke?
LEFT hemisphere
Primitive and sterotyped movement patterns associated with spasticity that often follow a stroke are known as...
Synergies
What is the one movement common to both flexor and extensor synergies?
WRIST/FINGER FLEXION
What are the 3 phases of treatment of persons with cognitive disability?
Stimulation, Structure, Integration
What stage would a pressure sore have redness, edema, blistering and hardening of tissue, as well as skin that may be open?
Stage II
What stage would a pressure sore be where a full thickness skin defect extending down to the muscle would occur?
Stage III
If a pressure sore involves bone destruction, it is considered to be in what stage?
Stage IV--the most serious!
How do you treat Stage IV decubiti ulcres?
surgical debridement adn full thickness grafts
What are the 2 approaches would an OT likely take for dysphagia intervention?
Neurodevelopmental, biomechanical
A progressive disease affecting the basal ganlia where tremors, bradykinesia, fatigue, and abnormal gait are all common is known as...
Parkinson's Disease
Can a person with C3 spinal cord lesion attain w/c independence?
Yes, with a power recliner w/c with mouth control
What spinal cord levels of injury require a ventilator?
C1-C3
What level of spinal cord injury would need mobile arm supports to assist UE ADL performance and MAX A is require for LE dressing?
C5
What is the lowest level of spinal cord injury can a person become I with self care using equipment?
C6
A pt. with this spinal cord level of injury can gain beginning of triceps and wrist flexion and is I in pushing up fo pressure relief?
C7
What level of Spinal cord injury does a person have full use of UE except intrinsics of the hand?
C8
Why should MMT not be used when a person has spasticity?
because increased tone validates the results