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73 Cards in this Set

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An important thing to remember about the Old Testament is that the OT is about the ____ not ____.
OT is about who God is, not how God did things
Why are days 3 and 6 special and highlighted?
Day 3 and Day 6 are the only days that get:
- a double announcement
- a double approval
What does the creation account tell us about God? *
1.) God's purpose for mankind has not changed from the time of creation: dominion over the created order and communion with god and with one another

2.) God the creator becomes God the redeemer after mankind chooses to rebel against Him. He chooses to save people from their sins and to reconcile them to Himself and to their created purpose

3.) God relates his plans for mankind to his plans for individuals. Individual purposes are not at odds with the universe ones

4.) God honors the faithfulness of his people in order to bring blessing to others
What are the reasons for supposing that the earth is young? *
Know the theories of creation
What are some positions on the age of the earth that try to bring science and bible together? *
Flood Geology
How is the creation of man highlighted and set apart from the other acts of creation?
God uses his personal name for a more personal creation

shows that God is more intimate and personal with man
What are the plural pronouns in Genesis 1.26 most likely referring to from the perspective of this class?
"Let us make man in our image"
The plural name is used for God because God is too grand and mighty to be contained in the singular tense
To be made in Gods image entails two things:
Communion - (with God and eachother)

Dominion - (Over creation)
What are the options for understanding Genesis 2:7 and its meaning as presented in class
Some people believe that it is talking about evolution, because it was made out of the dust of the earth.
Marriage
1.) God instituted it
2.) God intends it to be monogomous
3.) Both a physical and spiritual union is involved
How does God show that He intends it to be monogomous
1.) Only a woman can complete Adam
2.) It is a man and a woman (heterosexual is ideal)
Genesis 1-11 - A grand introduction for everything that follows such as
- the book of Genesis
- The penateuch
- The Old Testament
- All of scripture
Genesis 1 - 11
Grace and Judgement
The two major themes out of which flows in the frest of scripture

-Shows God's constant perfect prvision for man
-Shows man's propensity to corrupt and flaunt these provisions, hence requiring intervention on the part of God
tôleôth
recounting of generation
Book of Genesis
structured around the tôleôth
The Methods of Satan
1.) You will be like God. In other words, "the way God made you is not good enough

2.) He appeals to the lust of the flesh (tasty fruit), lust of the eyes (she saw...) and desire for superiority and pride. (Wise like God.)

3.) Reversal of God's order. So, Creation asserting dominion over man (the serpent is creation). Also, man's desire to be equal with God
What is at the heart of the fall
reversal of God's order. So, Creation asserting dominion over man (the serpent is creation)
The 5 separations that comes as a result of the fall
1.) Man is Separated from God
2.) Man is Separated from Himself
3.) Man is Separated from Man
4.) Man Separated from Nature
5.) Nature Separated from Nature
Eve's reaction(s) to the births of her children
"...I have made a man as the Lord"
That didn't turn out so well... (Cain and Abel, Tower of Babel.) The rest of Genesis marked by humans desiring blessing that only God can give. (esp. Babel)

"God has given me another child in place of Abel"
Seed recalling Genesis 3.15

When Eve thinks she can give life independently of God, they kill each other. When she sees it as a blessing from God, from Seth (replacement of Abel) comes the lineage of Abraham and Noah
The Nature of the acceptance and rejection of Cain and Abel's sacrifice
Cain had bad stuff in his heart and that is why his sacrifice was not accepted. Cain's reaction to this refusal of offering shows that he was (1) angry against God and (2) angry against Abel
The importance of the 'seed' and genealogy of Genesis 5
Genesis 5 is one long geneology or tôledôth.

Names Adam to Shem through Seth (Godly Son)

It looks back to the beginning of Genesis when (a) God name's Adam, and (b) casts God as a role of Father. (God as Father)
The different options for the identity of the 'Sons of God/gods' in Genesis 6:1-4
There are 3 options

1. Angels (Mt. 22.30, Mk 12.25)
2. Royalty (any of them who they choose) - none of the royalty is the sons of God
3. Godly line of Seth - The godly mix blood with the ungodly (where does it say this in the bible)
What is at the heart of the Tower of Babel story
They are not fulfilling the command to be fruitful, multiply, and fill the land

It is ironic. The people wanted to build a tower to stay together and not separate. The exact thing that the people did want happen, God allowed to happen. He separated them
3 Cycles of Grace and Judgement
Cycle 1:
- dominates himself through Murder (Gen 4)
- God preserves a lineage for Himself (Gen 5)

Cycle 2
- God preserves a lineage from Himself (Gen 5)
- God judges the world with a flood but preserves a family (Gen 6-9) out of which comes all the nations of the world (Gen 10)

Cycle 3
-man rebels and desires God's dominion (Gen 11:1-4)
-God forces man to "fill the earth" through a confusion of languages (Gen 11:5-9) and He continues a lineage for His plan of Redemption (Gen 11:10-32)
Abraham as the model Patriarch
1.) Father's Children
2.) Inherits Land
3.) Enjoys divine protection and provision
4.) Source of Blessing to the world
5.) Abraham has to leave home to find blessing
6.) Father of the 2nd son
Abrahamic Covenant
Genesis 12, 15, 18
Land, Seed and Blessing

1.) God will give him land in which to dwell
2.) God will give him offspring who will be a great nation
3.)God will give him a great reputation
4.)God will make him and his offspring a blessing

a. God makes a covenant with Abraham when he falls in deep sleep. God was the only one who walked through the animal’s blood, so God was saying, “If I mess up, let my blood be shed, if you mess up, let my blood be shed.”
-i. Back in those days, when two people makes a deal, they cut animals in half, line them up side by side on a hill and walk in the blood hand in hand. This says, “If I do not hold my side of the deal, let my blood be shed, if you don’t hold your side of the deal, let your blood be shed.” Only God walked through the animal’s blood, so only God’s blood to be shed.

The rest of Genesis, the pentateuch, and the entire Old Testament consist of challenges arising to these promises and the LORD's intervention to overcome these. And it is unconditi
Sinai Covenant (National Covenant)
Exodus 19
"Now if you obey me fully and keep my covenant, then out of all nations you will be my treasured possession. Although the whole earth is mine, you will be for me a kingdom of priests and a holy kingdom

Holy National, Special/Costly Possession, Kingdom of Priests
Conditional
God's Covenantal and personal name
Yahweh = LORD
The 4 key theological points from Genesis
1.) God is faithful in His covenant promises and will never forget them even though it seems that He has forgotten

2.) God provides an identity for His people so they will know their specific purposes in relation to God and with the rest of mankind

3.) Though God is the One who established a relationship with His people, there is still a human responsibility in maintaining that relationship

4.) God desires to live among his people, but contact with Him requires holiness from His people; therefore, certain restrictions must be placed upon those who wish to approach Him
Torah...What is it?
It refers to 3 things:
-To describe the Pentateuch
-To describe the whole Hebrew Bibe
- A statue of ordinance

It is used to teach, instruct and direct

IT IS NOT THE LAW
Common responses for what the Torah is there for
1.) Cherry picking verses
2.) Being practical
3.) Work based salvation
Means of Salvation in the OT
You are saved through faith, not laws or the Torah
The main idea and points of connection of the stipulations in Leviticus and those in Exodus
1. Decalogue [Exodus] → General Principles

2. Covenant Code [Exodus] → Application of General Principles

3. Priestly Code [Leviticus]→ Rules Governing the Priests

4. Holiness Code [Leviticus]→ Rules Governing the People
The main idea of 'clean and unclean'
Purely a matter of spiritual holiness

Unclean meant unable to enter into public worship
The main idea behing the relationship between purification and the Flood
When people had skin disease, or to clean and purify themselves, they would use water to purify themselves, like God purified with the flood
Key Theological points of Leviticus
1.) A relationship with a holy God requires change in one's life

2.) The necessity of sacrifice emphasizes the sinfulness of humanity; it also shows that substitution must be made for the atonement of sin to be accomplished

3.) God in his grace provides His people with a means of access to Himself, even though they are not completely holy or perfect

4.) Approaching the Lord in worship should never be treated haphazardly or taken lightly

5.) Through the Lord in His sovereignty establishes a relationship with His people, there is still a human responsibility to maintain that relationship through obedience to him
Purpose of Numbers
1.) A transition from the faithless, grumbling generation to the second generation who is being prepared to enter the land promised to their forefathers

2.) The judgements purify the people until only a remnat remains. This only includes Joshua and Caleb from Exodus generation. Even Moses rebels and is excluded from the land of promise
Principle of Numbers
Failure to trust God results in a failure to inherit the promise land. The people (Num 14) as well as Moses and Aaron (Num 20)

2.) God has a preference of faith and trust, rather than a specific action
Numbers and the computer analogy
CTRL + ALT + DELETE

Decalogue Covenant Code = Nation Beta

Preistly Code and Holiness Code = Nation 1.0

CTRL + ALT + DELETE = Numbers
(Nation 2.0)
What are some of the purposes of a census in the Ancient Near East
1.) Military
-Most likely the case for this book since thy are preparing to conquer the land
-You need to know how many people you have that can fight

2.) Work Assignments

3.) Taxation
Why are the numbers in the book of Numbers doubted by some scholars?
The Logistical Problem
(2 million people traveling through the wilderness with their belongings

1. Some people are not counted
(women, priests, levites)

2.) Inflated Number (hyperbole?)
When you fib, it makes the kings at the time look better then they really are. It is a common practive in ANE records and used to glorify kings.However, it does not fit the book since the book nowhere else seeks to glorify the behavior of the people or its leaders
General Familiarity with Nazarite Vow
"people of the vow'

Being a Nazirite involved a temporary period during which any person may dedicate himself or herself to the Lord for special service of some kind. Devotion and special service were not limited to just priests, Levites, and prophets but included anyone who wanted to be dedicated to the Lord for some service.
Key theological points of Numbers
1.) Experience emotional pain or weakness

2.) To be comforted or comfort oneself

3.) Relenting or breaking away from a course of action already in motion

4.) Retract, or change one's mind
Deuteronomy a second giving of the Law?
1.) Any repetition of previous material is the resut of Moses' desire to explain the instruction of previous book

2.) Therefore, a good way to think about the book of Deuteronomy is that it is Moses' commentary on the Torah
Purpose of Exodus (Duet 1.5)
After taking the land by force, Moses' attention now turns toward making sure that people understand the Torah prior to enter the promise land

Know the shema (Duet 6.4)
a radical call for wholehearted, all consuming devotion to Yahweh
The significance of the original Hebrew titles
'elleh haddebarim
..."and these are the words."
1st two words of the book

deuteronomium
'second law'
A misreading of Duet 17.18
The only two people of the 1st generation to see the Exodus to enter the Holy Land
Joshua and Caleb
The true meaning behind a biblical 'judge'
1.) A deliverer
2.) A leader (king 'light')
The (downward) cycle and symmetry of the book of Judges
double introduction balanced by double conclusion

The end and beginning are almost exactly identical

The judges get worse and worse
Who is the archetypal judge in the center of the book?
1.) Military leadership against enemies

2.) Leadership in the covenant relationship with Yahweh
The Judges were imperfect but continued to be used by God?
God wants a willingness to be used, not perfection
Two functions Samuel (as an adult) served
Samuel is a Judge and a Prophet
The books of Samuel are a transition from the _____ to the _________
Judges to the Monarchy
A general idea of Saul vs. David
Saul was manly and buff, but he was a pansy. (He was externally qualified)

David small, but good

God is not impressed with great strength or abilities since He can and will equip for the task He has chosen for them to do. He is more interested in those who are faithful
Was it wrong for Israel to ask for a king?
No! It was their motivation. They wanted a big strong King becuase everyone else wanted a king, therefore they were not being set apart like God wanted them to be
What part of a person is God interested in?
The heart
A general sense of so-called 'Holy War' in the OT
The promise land war

God was using his own people to judge the cannanites. (only time he uses his own people)
How do the books of Kings hand things off to the Prophets and Poetical books
It evaluates Israel's history and explains why none of David and Solomon's sons are the promised 'seed.'
Two different kinds of Prophets
1.) Non writing prophets
2.) Writing Prophets
The functions of Prophets
1.) Call Israel to account for her sins

2.) Envision a glorious restoration sometime in the future
Definition of prophecy as defined by John Sailhamer
Prophets give us the broad picture of God’s work in the world. They see the details of life in context with God’s overall plan for history and creation. The words of the prophets are inspired commentary on the historical narratives and laws which precede them
The Ancient Near East Game
Teams: The Nations (assyria, babylon, judah, edom, Israel

Rules: Decalogue, 613, Levitical laws, the covenants

Penalty: Curses (Duet 28, Lev. 26)

Play-by-Play announcer: The Historical Books
The general sense of the distinction between a 'this means that' vs. a method for interpreting the prophets
This means that NOT this is that

Hosea 11:1/Matthew 2:15
Isaiah 7:14/Matthew 1:23
How can a Holy God dwell among sinful people
Things need to change in your life if God is to dwell with you
Religious Only Theory
Genesis states the origin of the universe in theological language describes what happened but not how it happened
Flood Geology
a geology of catastrophe” over millions of years – forces at work over a period of many years prior to the six-day creation event recorded in Genesis – God flooded the earth (preserving what living things that existed in fossil form)
Successive Catastrophes
Successive floods over a period of millions of years prior to the six-day creation
Local Creation
the accounts of Genesis 1 and 2 are the only creation of plants, animals, and mankind in a limited area of the earth - other forms of life could have existed in other parts of the earth
Ideal Time
God created the universe to appear antiquated - the "real time" of creation might be recent but the "ideal time" of things that were created might be much older
The Gap Theory
There is a gap between Gen 1:1 and 1:2 representing the entrance of evil into the created world (fall of satan) - God re-creates to world after it was ruined - the geological ages could be placed within that gap
Day age Theory
i. The word “day” (Heb: Yôm) does not need to refer to a literal 24 hour day 0 God’s time is different from man’s (2 Peter 3:8) – the six days be ages rather than literal 24 days – called “concordism” because it seeks harmony between science and the creation account in Genesis.
Divine Fiat Theory
i. God issued the decrees of creation on a literal 24 hour day, bur the completion of the creation extends well beyond this time.