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53 Cards in this Set

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What is plenary inspiration?
The belief that all scripture is inspired.
Who are the four main matriarchs?
Eve, Sara, Rebecca, Rachel
What are some distinctive features of patriarchal religion?
- Faith in the coming fulfillment of promises
-Places of worship- shrines/alters/ sacrifice to God
- Election
-Covenant
Who is Melchizedek?
a priest and king of Salem, who greeted Abraham as he returned from his victory over Chedorlaomer and his allies. In return for a blessing, Abraham gave Melchizedek a tithe of his spoils.
Who is Lot?
was the son of Haran and nephew of Abraham, with whom he left his home city of Ur, and settled in Sodom in the Jordan valley. Here he was taken captive by the forces led by Chedorlaomer, but was freed by the intervention of Abraham. When Sodom was destroyed for its wickedness, Lot was warned of the destruction in advance and escaped with his family, but his wife, looking back on the destruction of the city, was turned to a pillar of salt. Lot settled in a cave outside Zoar, where his daughters ensured their posterity by making him drunk and having intercourse with him. Their children, Moab and Ben-ammi, were traditionally held to be the ancestors of the Moabites and Ammonites.
Who is Esau?
the elder son of Isaac and Rebekah, and brother of Jacob, the traditional ancestor of the Edomites. Isaac favoured Esau, a keen hunter, over Jacob -whom Rebekah favored. With the help of his mother Jacob tricked Easu out of his birthright and his paternal blessing for a bowl of stew.
Who is Laban?
nephew of Abraham and father of Leah and Rachel. He became father-in-law of Jacob, whom he had tricked into marrying Leah, though Jacob had wooed Rachel, who duly became his second wife. Subsequently Laban employed Jacob as his chief herdsman, but failed to pay him fairly. Laban's ill-treatment of his son-in-law at last persuaded Jacob to run away, with his family. But Laban pursued them, as Rachel had stolen his household gods (these were images or idols - Rachel hid them and Laban did not find them). Being warned by God in a dream not to harm Jacob, Laban left peaceably.
Who are the three main patriarchs?
Abraham, Isaac, Jacob
Whom did Noah curse and why?
Cannon(/ Ham who was the father of Cannon) because of his "inappropriate" reaction to Noah's drunk nakedness.
What was the Noahic covenant?
- Humans are to populate the earth
- Humans are to rule the earth
- Animals are given for food
- Eating blood is forbidden
- God promises never to destroy all flesh again w/ a flood
Who is Noah?
the father of Ham, Shem and Japheth. Before the flood in which all other inhabitants of the earth were destroyed God ordered Noah to construct the ark, a wooden vessel in which he, his family and pairs of all species of animals were to be saved from destruction. After the flood abated God made a covenant with Noah, confirmed in the sign of the rainbow, never again to destroy life from the earth. Later Noah became a farmer and discovered how to make wine. On one occasion, as he lay drunk, his son Ham committed some unspecified act of indecency, for which Noah cursed him. According to Genesis Noah lived to the age of nine hundred and fifty
Who is Shem?
the first son of Noah and the father of Arpachshad. He was a forebear of Abraham and ancestor of the Semitic peoples (named after him)
Who is Ham?
the second son of Noah, the father of Cush, Egypt, Put and Canaan and the traditional ancestor of the Hamitic peoples
Who is Japeth?
the youngest of the three sons of Noah, the supposed ancestor of a number of small nations
Identify the tower of Babel
constructed by the people in order to "make a name for themselves" - it was here where the Lord confused the language of the earth and scattered the people.
Who is Gilgamesh?
King of Uruk, Two-thirds god and one-third mortal, Gilgamesh is undone by grief when his beloved companion Enkidu dies, and by despair at the prospect of his own extinction. He travels to the ends of the Earth in search of answers to the mysteries of life and death.
Who is Enkidu?
Companion /friend of Gilgamesh. Hairy-bodied and brawny, was raised by animals. Looks much like Gilgamesh and is almost his physical equal. He aspires to be Gilgamesh’s rival but instead becomes his soul mate. The gods punish Gilgamesh and Enkidu by giving Enkidu a slow, painful, inglorious death for killing the demon Humbaba and the Bull of Heaven
Who is Utnapishtim?
A king and priest of Shurrupak. By the god Ea’s connivance, Utnapishtim survived the great flood that almost destroyed all life on Earth by building a great boat that carried him, his family, and one of every living creature to safety. The gods granted eternal life to him and his wife.
Who is Nephilim?
The offspring of the sons of God and the daughters of man. The people group onte earth before/after the flood- the "heros of old, warriors of renown"
What role Does Apsu play in the Babylonian myth Enuma elish?
Ruler of all the gods and husband and father as above.
What role does Tiamat play in the Babylonian myth Enuma elish?
Mother Goddess, wife of Apsu, mother of Anshar and Kishar.
What role does Marduk play in the Babylonian myth Enuma elish?
Wisest and most accomplished god. He became ruler of all the gods.
What role does Kingu play in the Babylonian myth Enuma elish?
Leads Tiamat's army against Marduk.
What are some common scribal errors?
- Confusing letters that appear similar
- Auditory mistakes
What are some important principles of textual criticism?
1. The More difficult reading is usually prefered
2. The shorter reading is prefered
3. The more authentic reading is prefered
What is dittography?
When a scribe unwittingly repeats a letter, word, or phrase
What is haplography?
Failing to repeat something in a copy which is found twice in a source manuscript.
What is homoloarchton?
When something is left out because of a similar begining
What was the sign of the Noahic Covenant?
A rainbow.
What is verbal inspiration?
The belief that the specific words of scripture are inspired (in addition to the ideas).
What was the law of the covenant between God and Noah?
Don't eat blood. Don't murder.
What was the grace of the covenant between God and Noah?
No destruction of the world by flood. Blessings. Animals given for food.
What was the law of the covenant between God and Abraham?
Circumcision.
What was the grace of the covenant between God and Abraham?
The promise of land, offspring, blessing
What was the sign of the covenant between God and Abraham?
Circumcision.
What was the law of the covenant between God and Moses?
"tablets of stone" aka the 10 commandments
What was the grace of the covenant between God and Moses?
Exodus from Egypt- conquest.
What was the sign of the covenant between God and Moses?
Sabath
What does "El Shaddai" mean?
God of the Mountain/ God Almighty.
What does "El Bthel" mean?
God of Bethel.
How was God's promise to Abraham of land fulfilled?
Through Joshua, (completely fulfilled through) David.
When was God's promise to Abraham of decedents fulfilled?
From Egypt on
Through whom was God's promise to Abraham of "blessings to all" fulfilled?
Joseph, and then (more completely) Jesus.
What are 3 distinctive features of the Clan Deity?
1. People more than places
2. Protection
3. Offspring
Who is "the Noah" of the Gilgamesh flood story?
Utnapishtim
How does the flood story of Genesis compare to the flood story of Gilgamesh in terms of:
God, Sin, length of flood
Genesis Gilgamesh
One God----------Several Gods
SIn---------------Noise (Sin)
40 days/nights-----7 days/nights
How does the flood story of Genesis compare to the flood story of Gilgamesh in terms of:
Ark shape, building instructions, passangers
Genesis Gilgamesh
Oblong shape---------Cubic Shape
Window, door, pitch----(Same)
Family------------ Family + Craftsman
How does the flood story of Genesis compare to the flood story of Gilgamesh in terms of Animals?
Genesis:1 pair unclean, 7 pairs clean
Gilgamesh: Animals
How does the flood story of Genesis compare to the flood story of Gilgamesh in terms of bird order?
Genesis:
Raven, dove, dove
Gilgamesh:
Dove, Swallow, Raven
How does the flood story of Genesis compare to the flood story of Gilgamesh in terms of sacrifice?
Genesis:
Sweet smell of sacrifice (God doesn't eat)
Gilgamesh:
Sweet smell of sacrifice (gods eat)
How does the flood story of Genesis compare to the flood story of Gilgamesh in terms of reminder?
Genesis Gilgamesh
Rainbow-------Necklace
How does the flood story of Genesis compare to the flood story of Gilgamesh in terms of landing place?
Genesis: Mt. Ararat
Gilgamesh: Mt. Nisir
What is the significance of the revelation of the name Yahweh?
- Reveals and Conceals
- Prayer Not magic
- Presence
- All you Need