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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
superior / cranial
toward the head end of the body; upper (ex: the hand is part of the superior extremity)
inferior / caudal
away from the head; lower (ex: the foot is part of the inferior extremity)
anterior / ventral
front (ex: the kneecap is located on the anterior side of the leg)
posterior / dorsal
back (ex: the shoulder blades are located on the posterior side of the body)
medial
toward the midline of the body (ex: the middle toe is located at the medial side of the foot)
lateral
away from the midline of the body (ex: the little toe is located at the lateral side of the foot)
proximal
toward or nearest the trunk or the point of origin of a part (ex: the proximal end of the femur joins with the pelvic bone)
distal
away from or farthest from the trunk or the point of origin of a part (ex: the hand is located at the distal end of the forearm)
process
a prominence or projection
tuberosity
a broad rough projection, larger than a tubercle
tubercle
a small rounded process
trochanter
a large, somewhat blunt, rough projection
condyle
a rounded prominence that articulates with another bone
head
generally, the larger end of a long bone; often set off from the shaft of the bone by a constricted neck
neck
a narrowing connection between the head and the shaft
foramen
a hole through a bone (passageway for nerves, vessels)
foramina
plural of foramen (a collection of holes)
facet
a smooth, nearly flat articular surface
fossa
a shallow depression; often used as an articular surface
origin
muscle attachment that remains relatively fixed
insertion
muscle attachment that is most mobile
innervation
nerve that communicates with that particular muscle
action
the movement the muscles are responsible for when contracting
what are 4 questions to ask about muscle actions?
-what joint(s) does it cross?
-where does it cross the joint(s)
-how does it cross the joint(s)?
-what direction do fibers run?