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11 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
WHAT ARE THE CHARACTERISTICS OF OSTEOPOROSIS?
-bones loose CA+ and PO and become susceptible to fractures
-diagnoses after fracture, or xray
-metabolic bone disorder
WHAT ARE THE COMPONENTS OF BONE STRENGHT CONSIDERED WITH CONCERNS TO OP?
-bone density and quality
-Porous and brittle, re-absorption inc as formation dec
WHAT IS OSTEOPENIA?
-thinning of bone, low density porous and brittle
-may lead to/first symptoms of osteoporosis
THE WHO DEVELOPED 4 LEVELS OF CATEGORIES THAT DETERMINE WHAT?
-WHO
-risk of fracture
WHICH POPULATIONS ARE AFFECTED BY OP?
-postmenses white women, US
-reduction of estrogen
WHAT ARE THE RISK FACTORS FOR OP?
-previous adult fracture, fragile bones, low weight (128), smoking, oral contraceptives
WHAT ARE SOME MANIFESTATIONS OF OP?
-shortened stature
-kyphosis
-ab distension
-bloating
-restricted RR by rest. Lung expanse
-chronic pain
-func. diasbility
HOW DO YOU PREVENT BONE LOSS AND FRAGILITY FRACTURES?
-CA+
-vit D
-reg Weight Bearing exercise
-avoid tobacco, alcohol
WHAT ARE SOME PHARMACEUTICAL TREATMENTS/PREVENTIONS FOR OP?
-estrogen: hormone replacment therapy
-aledronate, raloxifene, risedronate, calcitonin, teriparatide
WHAT IS A NON-PHARMACUETICAL PREVENTION OF OP?
-back brace
-exercise
WHAT ARE 6 MAJOR NURSING RESPONSIBILITIES USED TO PROMOTE HEALING AFTER A FRACTURE?
-manage pain
-regain mobility and strength
-promote healing
-reduce bone loss
-prevent further fracture
-limit the disability