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95 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
OSHA's purpose & scope is defined in what Subpart
1926 Subpart A
Name the 5 subsections to Subpart A
Purpose & scope
Variances from Health & Safety Standards
Inspections - Right of Entry
Rules of practice
Paperwork reduction act / OBM controls
What is 1926 Subpart B
General Interpetations
What is 1926 Subpart C
General Safety & Health provisions
l
The employer shall instruct each employee in the recognition and avoidance of unsafe conditions and the regulations applicable to his work environment to control or eliminate any hazards or other exposure to illness or injury
h
Employees required to handle or use poisons, caustics, and other harmful substances shall be instructed regarding the safe handling and use, and be made aware of the potential hazards, personal hygiene, and personal protective measures required.
h
Employees required to handle or use flammable liquids, gases, or toxic materials shall be instructed in the safe handling and use of these materials
h
All employees required to enter into confined or enclosed spaces shall be instructed as to the nature of the hazards involved, the necessary precautions to be taken, and in the use of protective and emergency equipment required
h
"confined or enclosed space" means any space having a limited means of egress, which is subject to the accumulation of toxic or flammable contaminants or has an oxygen deficient atmosphere
h
Confined or enclosed spaces include, but are not limited to, storage tanks, process vessels, bins, boilers, ventilation or exhaust ducts, sewers, underground utility vaults, tunnels, pipelines, and open top spaces more than 4 feet in depth such as pits, tubs, vaults, and vessels.
h
First aid services and provisions for medical care shall be made available by the employer for every employee covered by these regulations
k
The employer shall be responsible for the development and maintenance of an effective fire protection and prevention program at the job site throughout all phases of the construction, repair, alteration, or demolition work
k
During the course of construction, alteration, or repairs, form and scrap lumber with protruding nails, and all other debris, shall be kept cleared from work areas, passageways, and stairs, in and around buildings or other structures.
k
Containers shall be provided for the collection and separation of waste, trash, oily and used rags, and other refuse. Containers used for garbage and other oily, flammable, or hazardous wastes, such as caustics, acids, harmful dusts, etc. shall be equipped with covers. Garbage and other waste shall be disposed of at frequent and regular intervals
k
Combustible scrap and debris shall be removed at regular intervals during the course of construction. Safe means shall be provided to facilitate such removal.
k
Construction areas, aisles, stairs, ramps, runways, corridors, offices, shops, and storage areas where work is in progress shall be lighted with either natural or artificial illumination
j
Pressure vessels. Current and valid certification by an insurance company or regulatory authority shall be deemed as acceptable evidence of safe installation, inspection, and testing of pressure vessels provided by the employer
j
Boilers. Boilers provided by the employer shall be deemed to be in compliance with the requirements of this part when evidence of current and valid certification by an insurance company or regulatory authority attesting to the safe installation, inspection, and testing is presented.
h
"ANSI" means American National Standards Institute.
h
"Authorized person" means a person approved or assigned by the employer to perform a specific type of duty or duties or to be at a specific location or locations at the jobsite.
h
"General." In every building or structure exits shall be so arranged and maintained as to provide free and unobstructed egress from all parts of the building or structure at all times when it is occupied. No lock or fastening to prevent free escape from the inside of any building shall be installed except in mental, penal, or corrective institutions where supervisory personnel is continually on duty and effective provisions are made to remove occupants in case of fire or other emergency
h
"Exit marking." Exits shall be marked by a readily visible sign. Access to exits shall be marked by readily visible signs in all cases where the exit or way to reach it is not immediately visible to the occupants
h
"Maintenance and workmanship." Means of egress shall be continually maintained free of all obstructions or impediments to full instant use in the case of fire or other emergency
Define "Employee"
"Employee" means every laborer or mechanic under the Act regardless of the contractual relationship which may be alleged to exist between the laborer and mechanic and the contractor or subcontractor who engaged him
Who is responsable for providing PPE equipment, training and enforcment
The employer is responsible for supplying, training and requiring the wearing of appropriate personal protective equipment
Define Competent person
"Competent person" means one who is capable of identifying existing and predictable hazards in the surroundings or working conditions which are unsanitary, hazardous, or dangerous to employees, and who has authorization to take prompt corrective measures to eliminate them.
Define qualfied person
"Qualified" means one who, by possession of a recognized degree, certificate, or professional standing, or who by extensive knowledge, training, and experience, has successfully demonstrated his ability to solve or resolve problems relating to the subject matter, the work, or the project.
Define hazardous substance
"Hazardous substance" means a substance which, by reason of being explosive, flammable, poisonous, corrosive, oxidizing, irritating, or otherwise harmful, is likely to cause death or injury
Quote the OSH Act
To assure safe and healthful working conditions for working men and women; by authorizing enforcement of the standards developed under the Act; by assisting and encouraging the States in their efforts to assure safe and healthful working conditions; by providing for research, information, education, and training in the field of occupational safety and health; and for other purposes.
Quote the general duty clause
Each shall furnish to each of his employees employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to his employees;

(2) shall comply with occupational safety and health standards promulgated under this Act.
When is a OSHA inspector allowed to inspect a workplace
A O.S.H.A. inspector is allowed to enter without delay and at reasonable times any factory, plant, establishment, construction site, or other area, workplace or environment where work is performed by an employee of an employer
Is a OSHA inspector required to present credentials before inspecting a worksite
YES
Is a OSHA inspector allowed to privately question any employee.
YES
g
a representative of the employer and a representative authorized by his employees shall be given an opportunity to accompany the OSHA inspector during the physical inspection of any workplace for the purpose of aiding such inspection. Where there is no authorized employee representative, the OSHA Inspector shall consult with a reasonable number of employees concerning matters of health and safety in the workplace.
Can a employee file a OSHA complaint
Any employees or representative of employees who believe that a violation of a safety or health standard exists that threatens physical harm, or that an imminent danger exists, may request an inspection by notifing OSHA of such violation or danger. Any such notice shall be reduced to writing, shall set forth with reasonable particularity the grounds for the notice, and shall be signed by the employee or representative of the employees
Does OSHA always inform the employer of who filed a complaint.
NO, Upon the written request of the person filing the complaint, his name and the names of individual employees referred to therein shall not appear on any copy or on any record published, released, or made available to the employer
Can a employee point out OSH Act violations to a inspector during a inspection
YES, Prior to or during any inspection of a workplace, any employees or representative of employees employed in such workplace may notify the OSHA Inspector responsible for conducting the inspection, in writing, of any violation of ththe OSH Act which they have reason to believe exists in such workplace
h
Each citation issued under this section, or a copy or copies thereof, shall be prominently posted, as prescribed in regulations issued by the Secretary, at or near each place a violation referred to in the citation occurred
h
No citation may be issued under this section after the expiration of six months following the occurrence of any violation.
How long does OSHA have to issue a citation
OSHA issues a citation within 6 months after the termination of a inspection or investigation
How does OSHA notify a employer of a penalty
OSHA will notify the employer by certified mail of the penalty, if any.
How long does a employer have to contest a penalty
The employer has fifteen working days within which to notify OSHA that he wishes to contest the citation or proposed assessment of penalty.
What if the employer exceeds the 15 working days limit to contest the penalty or citation
If the employer fails to notify OSHA with in the 15 day time frame, the citation and the assessment, as proposed, shall be deemed a final order of the Commission and not subject to review by any court or agency.
h
Any employer who fails to correct a violation for which a citation has been issued under section 9(a) within the period permitted for its correction (which period shall not begin to run until the date of the final order of the Commission in the case of any review proceeding under section 10 initiated by the employer in good faith and not solely for delay or avoidance of penalties), may be assessed a civil penalty of not more than $7,000 for each day during which such failure or violation continues
h
Any employer who willfully violates any standard, rule, or order promulgated pursuant to section 6 of this Act, or of any regulations prescribed pursuant to this Act, and that violation caused death to any employee, shall, upon conviction, be punished by a fine of not more than $10,000 or by imprisonment for not more than six months, or by both; except that if the conviction is for a violation committed after a first conviction of such person, punishment shall be by a fine of not more than $20,000 or by imprisonment for not more than one year, or by both. 84 STAT. 1607
h
Any person who gives advance notice of any inspection to be conducted under this Act, without authority from the Secretary or his designees, shall, upon conviction, be punished by a fine of not more than $1,000 or by imprisonment for not more than six months, or by both.
h
Whoever knowingly makes any false statement, representation, or certification in any application, record, report, plan, or other document filed or required to be maintained pursuant to this Act shall, upon conviction, be punished by a fine of not more than $10,000, or by imprisonment for not more than six months, or by both.
h
Any employer who violates any of the posting requirements, as prescribed under the provisions of this Act, shall be assessed a civil penalty of up to $7,000 for each violation.
h
The Commission shall have authority to assess all civil penalties provided in this section, giving due consideration to the appropriateness of the penalty with respect to the size of the business of the employer being charged, the gravity of the violation, the good faith of the employer, and the history of previous violations
h
For purposes of this section, a serious violation shall be deemed to exist in a place of employment if there is a substantial probability that death or serious physical harm could result from a condition which exists, or from one or more practices, means, methods, operations, or processes which have been adopted or are in use, in such place of employment unless the employer did not, and could not with the exercise of reasonable diligence, know of the presence of the violation.h
Who is required to provide on-site fire protection
The employer shall ensure the availability of the fire protection and suppression equipment.
Outline the general construction accident prevention responsibilities
It is the responsibility of the employer to initiate and maintain safety programs and to provide for frequent and regular inspections of job sites, materials, and equipment to be made by competent persons designated by the employers
Outline the unsafe machine, equipment, tool,& material rule
The use of any unsafe machinery, tool, material, or equipment is prohibited. Any such machine, tool, material, or equipment shall either be identified as unsafe by tagging or locking the controls to render them inoperable or shall be physically removed from its place of operation
d
The employer shall permit only those employees qualified by training or experience to operate equipment and machinery.
d
The employer shall instruct each employee in the recognition and avoidance of unsafe conditions and the regulations applicable to his work environment to control or eliminate any hazards or other exposure to illness or injury.
c
Employees required to handle or use poisons, caustics, and other harmful substances shall be instructed regarding the safe handling and use, and be made aware of the potential hazards, personal hygiene, and personal protective measures required.
c
Employees required to handle or use flammable liquids, gases, or toxic materials shall be instructed in the safe handling and use of these materials and made aware of the specific requirements contained in Subparts D, F, and other applicable subparts of this part.
c
All employees required to enter into confined or enclosed spaces shall be instructed as to the nature of the hazards involved, the necessary precautions to be taken, and in the use of protective and emergency equipment required.
c
First aid services and provisions for medical care shall be made available by the employer for every employee covered by these regulations
c
"General." In every building or structure exits shall be so arranged and maintained as to provide free and unobstructed egress from all parts of the building or structure at all times when it is occupied. No lock or fastening to prevent free escape from the inside of any building shall be installed except in mental, penal, or corrective institutions where supervisory personnel is continually on duty and effective provisions are made to remove occupants in case of fire or other emergency.
1926 Subpart D
Occupational Health & Enviromental Controls
d
The employer shall insure the availability of medical personnel for advice and consultation on matters of occupational health.
d
Provisions shall be made prior to commencement of the project for prompt medical attention in case of serious injury
d
In the absence of an infirmary, clinic, hospital, or physician, that is reasonably accessible in terms of time and distance to the worksite, which is available for the treatment of injured employees, a person who has a valid certificate in first-aid training from the U.S. Bureau of Mines, the American Red Cross, or equivalent training that can be verified by documentary evidence, shall be available at the worksite to render first aid.
d
First aid supplies shall be easily accessible when required
d
The contents of the first aid kit shall be placed in a weatherproof container with individual sealed packages for each type of item, and shall be checked by the employer before being sent out on each job and at least weekly on each job to ensure that the expended items are replaced
d
Where the eyes or body of any person may be exposed to injurious corrosive materials, suitable facilities for quick drenching or flushing of the eyes and body shall be provided within the work area for immediate emergency use.
d
In areas where 911 is not available, the telephone numbers of the physicians, hospitals, or ambulances shall be conspicuously posted
d
An adequate supply of potable water shall be provided in all places of employment
d
Portable containers used to dispense drinking water shall be capable of being tightly closed, and equipped with a tap. Water shall not be dipped from containers
d
Any container used to distribute drinking water shall be clearly marked as to the nature of its contents and not used for any other purpose
d
The common drinking cup is prohibited.
d
Where single service cups (to be used but once) are supplied, both a sanitary container for the unused cups and a receptacle for disposing of the used cups shall be provided.
Toilets
20 or less 1
20 or more 1 per 40
200 or more 1 per 50
d
Under temporary field conditions, provisions shall be made to assure not less than one toilet facility is available
d
The employer shall provide adequate washing facilities for employees engaged in the application of paints, coating, herbicides, or insecticides, or in other operations where contaminants may be harmful to the employees. Such facilities shall be in near proximity to the worksite and shall be so equipped as to enable employees to remove such substances
d
One shower shall be provided for each 10 employees of each sex, or numerical fraction thereof, who are required to shower during the same shift.
d
Body soap or other appropriate cleansing agents convenient to the showers shall be provided as specified in paragraph (f)(3)(iii) of this section
d
Showers shall be provided with hot and cold water feeding a common discharge line.
d
Employees who use showers shall be provided with individual clean towels.
d
"Vermin control." Every enclosed workplace shall be so constructed, equipped, and maintained, so far as reasonably practicable, as to prevent the entrance or harborage of rodents, insects, and other vermin. A continuing and effective extermination program shall be instituted where their presence is detected.
d
"Change rooms." Whenever employees are required by a particular standard to wear protective clothing because of the possibility of contamination with toxic materials, change rooms equipped with storage facilities for street clothes and separate storage facilities for the protective clothing shall be provided.
What are the elements of a emergency action plan
"Elements." The following elements, at a minimum, shall be included in the plan:
How much can a employer be fined for a SERIOUS violation
A civil penalty of up to $7,000 for each violation.
What is the fine for a LESS THAN SERIOUS violation
A civil penalty of up to $7,000 for each violation.
What is the fine for a WILLFUL VIOLATION
A civil penalty of not more than $70,000 for each violation, but not less than $5,000 for each willful violation
Can a employer be fined for obstructing a fire exit
Yes, Means of egress shall be continually maintained free of all obstructions or impediments to full instant use in the case of fire or other emergency.
Does a emergency action plan need to be in writing
Yes, A emergency action plan shall be in writing and shall cover those designated actions employers and employees must take to ensure employee safety from fire and other emergencies
Is a exit sign required to be lighted
No, Exits need to be marked by a readily visible sign. Access to exits shall be marked by readily visible signs in all cases where the exit or way to reach it is not immediately visible to the occupants.
Can a employer be fined for not maintaining a clean work area.
Yes, During the course of construction, all debris shall be kept cleared from work areas, passageways, and stairs, in and around buildings or other structures.
How often does the trash & debris have to be removed.
As often as nessassary
Is a employer is required to provide
trash containers.
Yes, Clearly marked containers shall be provided for the collection and separation of waste, trash, oily and used rags, and other refuse.
Does OSHA have a minimum work area lighting requirment.
No, Construction areas, aisles, stairs, ramps, runways, corridors, offices, shops, and storage areas where work is in progress shall be lighted with either natural or artificial illumination as the situation requires
Who is required to ensure that Personal Protection Equipment is worn on the job-site
The employer is responsible for requiring the wearing of appropriate personal protective equipment in all operations where there is an exposure to hazardous conditions or where this part indicates the need for using such equipment to reduce the hazards to the employees.
Personal Protection Equipment is what OSHA Subpart
Regulations governing the use, selection, and maintenance of personal protective and lifesaving equipment are described under Subpart E