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47 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Seizures, Altered Mentation, Circling
Forebrain Disease
Hypermetria, Ataxia, Tremors
Cerebellar Disease
Nystagmus, Head Tilt, Circling, Horner's, Facial N. Dysfunction
Vestibular Disease
2 MC drugs long term seizure management
Phenobarb and Potassium Bromide
Why use Potassium Bromide?
Phenobarb not working or hepatotoxicity
MC anticonvulsent for status epilepsy
Valium
Vertical Nystagmus
Central Vestibular Disease
Horizontal Nystagmus
Peripheral Vestib. Disease
Tight Ipsilateral Circling
Vestibular Disease
Wide Ipsilateral Circling
Cerebral Disease
Failure of Sympathetic Innervation causes?
Horners Syndrome
Horner's Syndrome consists of?
Mitosis
Ptosis (droopy lid)
Enopthalmos (sunken eye)
Prolapsed Nictitans
Central or Peripheral Vestib?
altered mental state, cranial nerve deficits other than 7, abnorm gait
Central
Central or Peripheral Vestib?
Horner's
Facial Nerve Paralysis
normal posture
Peripheral
Spastic Paralysis
Hyperreflexic
Hypertonic
Disuse Atrophy
UMN
Flaccid Paralysis
Hyporeflexic
Hypotonic
Neurogenic Atrophy
LMN
Wide Based Stance indicates
Ataxia
Rigid Extension of head and neck
Opisthotonas
Animal is comotose and all 4 limbs extended
Lesion?
Cerebrum
Rostral Brain Stem (midbrain or pons)
Animal is not comotose and all 4 limbs extended
Lesion?
Cerebellum
Presence of Schiff-Sherington (forelimbs hypertonic) indicates lesion where?
T3-L7
Cranial Nerves for strabismus? (3)
III
IV
VI
Cranial nerves controlling blink reflex? (2)
V
VII
Cranial nerves controlling menace response? (2)
II
VII
Cranial nerves controlling tongue symmetry?
XII
Cranial nerves controlling gag?
IX
X
Cranial nerve: muscle atrophy of trapezius and brachiocephalicus?
XI
UMN or LMN
Urine Pooling?
UMN
UMN or LMN
Urine always dribbling?
LMN
Tensilon (an anticholinesterase) Test DX for?
Myasthenia Gravis
animals with MG will show marked improvement
Sites of Spinal Cord Trauma in horses? (3)
C1
T12
L5
Signs with Radial Nerve Paralysis in horse
Dropped Elbow
Knuckling Over
Signs with trigeminal nerve trauma?
Dropped Jaw
What is Dx? Bladder Atony, Gluteal M. Atrophy, Hindlimb Paresis in Horse?
Cauda Equina Syndrome
Sweeny in horses is damage to what nerve?
Suprascapular Nerve and Atrophy of Supra/Infraspinatous M.
MC cause of dropped elbow in the horse?
Radial Nerve Paralysis
24 yr old horse with signs of ataxia, hypermetria, and hyperreflexia in all 4 limbs? what is dx?
Wobblers (betw C3 and C4)
Young pig with CNS signs?
Pseudorabies
MC brain tumor in older cats?
Meningioma
MC brain tumor in dog?
Astrocytoma/Glioma
Nerve Block for Navicular Disease?
Sesmoidian Nerve Block
MC cause of damage to Cr Nerve VII in a cat?
Otitis Media

(Vestib. Disease)
Difference between Central and Peripheral Vestibular Disease?
In central, there are peripheral proprioceptive defects
What do you see with peripheral CNS lesions/disease?
Strabismus with horizonal nystagmus
MC cause of sudden paralysis in a rabbit?
Improper handling
Fracture of L7
Tick Paralysis, Botulism, and Polyradiculoneuritis all show what signs?
LMN with decreased reflexes
Tick Paralysis, Botulism, and Polyradiculoneuritis all show what signs?
LMN with decreased reflexes