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9 Cards in this Set

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Hernia below pelvic area where arteries go into legs...
Femoral Hernia
Most common in women
Hernia Symptoms:
Stangulation, incarceration, enlarged lymph nodes, muscle abscess.
Hernia ac is composed of a combination of parietal perineum and visceral peritoneum. Some of the sac is loose and resectable, but part of it is stuck to an organ and cannot be resected.
Sliding hernia
This may occur in any direct and indirect hernia. Once the sac is freed, the procedure is the same as for inguinal hernias.
A special type of strangulated hernia. In this type only a part of the circumference of the bowel is incarcerated or strangulated in the hernia. Frequently it is descibed as a knuckle of bowel that becomes trapped and ischemic.
Richter hernia
Usually found in conjunction with femoral hernia. Doesn't cause bowel obstruction.
Includes incisional hernia, epigastric hernia and umbilical hernias.
Ventral Hernias
Occurs most frequently after which incision vertical midline or paramedian. Other reasons include wounds that become infected, ulcer patients taking steroids or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Incisional Hernia
Are extraperitoneal and occur as small fascical defects under the umbilicus. Common in children. If it doesn't disappear by age two, overlapping fascia is all that is necessary. In adults, this type of hernia is a defect in the linea alba which can become incarcerated frequently in obese people.
Umbilical Hernia
Are protrusions of fat through defects in the abdominal wall between the xiphoid process and the umbilicus. Symptoms: nausea, abdominal pain, duodenal ulcers and cholecystitis.
Epigastric Hernia
Makes the transition from muscle to aponeurosis in the transverse abdominus muscle. Also called an intramuscular hernia which is uncommon and difficult to diagnose.
Spigelian Hernia
Remember SPY- hides itself in the deep muscle tissue.