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82 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Loop of bowel twists about itself...
Volvulus
Sacular outpouchings of the intestinal wall
Diverticulum
Esophageal obstruction due to cardiac spasm
Achlasia
Ulcer in the stomach or duodenum
Peptic
painful draining cyst in the sacrcoccyx area
Pilonoidal cyst
Invagination of the proximal bowel into lumen of distal bowel causing obstruction...
Intussuception
Inflammation of the large intestine
CUC (Chronic Ulcerative colitis)
Abscence or closure of the esophagus
Atresia
Congenital blind pouch on the terminal ileum
Meckel's diverticulum (peptic ulceration)
Inflammation of the peritoneal cavity
Peritonitis
Varicose veins of the rectum and anus
Hemorrhoids
Inflammation usually found in the small intestine
Regional enteritis (Crohn's)
Outpouching of the wall of the esophagus
Zenker's Diverticulum
Narrow opening or crack in the anal margins
Fissure
An outward growth from a mucous membrane
Polyp
Term for difficulty swallowing...
Dysphagia
Symptoms of cancer of the colon include...
Rectal bleeding and bloody stools
Term for painful digestion such as heart burn, nausea and vomiting and loss of appetite is...
dyspepsia
Condition of pouch-like hrniation of the colon...
Diverticulosis
Colon inflammation
Colitis
Examination of the esophagus with an endoscope...
Esophagoscopy
Surgical removal of all or part of the esophagus and stomach...
Esophagogastrectomy
Incision of part of the heart...
cardiomyotomy
Opening in the stomach
Gastrostomy
Surgical incision of the stomach
gastrotomy
Surgical incision in abdomen
Celiotomy
removal of 1/2 of the colon
Hemi-colectomy
Opening in the colon
Colostomy
Stomach/digestion
Peptic
Examination of esophagus, stomach and duodenum
Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
Inflammation of the small intestine...
Enteritis
Surgical incision of the vagus nerve at the abdominal level..
Vagotomy
Hole or opening, closure, occlusion
Atresia
Stomach pain
Dyspepsia
Difficulty swallowing
Dysphagia
Opening of the pyloric sphincter
Pylorotomy
Opening in the stomach and jejunum
Gastrojejunostomy
Scope of the sigmoid colon
Sigmoidoscope
A small portion of the superior proximal stomach is stapled off making an upper and lower stomach. A portion of the jejunum is brought up and attached to this portion of the stomach. Patients eat smaller meals and bypass a critical segment of calorie and nutrition absorbing mucosal surface so weight loss occurs
Bariatric surgery (Gastric or laparoscopic Gastric Bypass)
What are the two structures removed during a bilroth 2 procedure?
Distal portion of the stomach and pyloris
What part of the stomach is anastomosed during a bilroth 2 procedure?
Jejunum
Examination of the stomach
Gastroscopy
Examination of the duodenum, stomach and the esophagus
Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
Examination of the colon, sigmoid colon and large and small intestine
Colonoscopy/Sigmoidoscopy
Examination of the rectum with an endoscope inserted through the anus
Proctoscopy
Examination of the anus through a scope...
Anoscopy
Removal of the pylorus of the stomach and end to end anastomosis of th remaining stomach and duodenum...
Bilroth 1 procedure or Gastroduodenostomy
Incision through the muscular coat of the esophagus. Done for achalasia which is a failure of relaxation of the lower esophageal spincter.
Heller cardiotomy (Esophagomyotomy)
Removal of the esophagus and possibly part of the stomach (Esophagogastrectomy) to remove cancerous tumors from the body.
Esophagectomy / Esophagogastrectomy
To remove an abnormal diverticulum. S/S: Bleeding from the rectum, often mistaken for appendicitis.
Diverticulectomy (Meckel's procedure)
During a Bilroth 1 procedure, the stomach is anastomosed to teh
Duodenum
During a Bilroth 1 procedure the stomach is grasped with a
Ailly or Babcot forceps
What is removed in a Bilroth 2 procedure?
Distal portion of the stomach and pyloris
What is the stomach anastomosed to in a Bilroth 2 procedure?
Jejunum
What procedure would be performed after removal of the stomach?
Colostomy
Why would a Pyloroplasty usually be done??
To repair a stenotic pyloric sphincter
Procedure for appendicitis
Appendectomy
The incision used for an appendectomy is...
Mcburney's (Because it is at McBurney's point
With an appendectomy, the surgeon grasps the appendix with a
Babcock
What is done to the base of the appendix in an appendectomy?
It is crushed with a hemostattype stump of the appendix 30 silk suture is used.
The type of suture which is placed around the appendix in an appendectomy...
purse string
The stump of the appendix may be pushed into the cecum using a ______ suture
First string
The number of trocars used in a laparoscopic appendectomy...
3
List the ways an appendix can be transected in an appendectomy
1. ligating loop
2. endoscopic stapler
3. suture loop instrument
Procedure used to form a temporary or permanent opening in the ileum...
Ileostomy
Why is an ileostomy done?
To reduce large bowel activity, often called a bowel resection
Ileum is brought to the surface of the skinand cut at one side, the other side is a loop that stays inside while the other side forms two stomas or openings.
Loop ileostomy (temporary)
Single loop end of ileum forming a stoma or ostomy.
End ileostomy
The position for a small bowel resection is...
Supine
The incision of a small bowel resection would depend on...
The site of the problem
Describe how a diseased small bowel is removed...
Mobilize the bowel and use a mesentery clamp above and below the section.
How is continuity of the GI tract established?
anastomosis
Describe three types of anastomosis..
End to end
end to side
side to side
List two ways an anastomosis can be accomplished
sutering
staples
The type of suture/stitch used to close the serosal layer of the small bowel is...
3.0 or 4.0
The type of suture/stitch used to close the mucosal layer of the small bowel is...
3.0 or 4.0 (Chromic, absorbable, interrupted, etc)
Resection of all or part of colon
Colectomy/hemi-colectomy
one hole
end colostomy
two holes and is temporary
loop colostomy
Removal of fissure from ass
Fissurrectomy/fistularectomy
After removing structures
a ____ is performed for bowel elimination...
Loop colostomy
To excise or ligate varicose veins of the anus, dilation of the sphincter pile forceps and grabs bulk of hemmorrhoid and cuts with a knife
Hemmorrhoidectomy