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18 Cards in this Set

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Also known as Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammation of the small intestine usually in the ileum or the cecum and can spread to the large intestine. Treated with steroids or an antibiotic. Linked with an increased risk of colorectal cancer.
Regional Enteritis
Inflammation and ulcers in the top lining of colon and rectum.May have up to 15-20 diarrhea stools per day. May be an autoimmune response. Treatment includes a total colectomy.
Chronic Ulcerative Colitis
Bowel pushes in on itself in the colon. Iium usually enters the cecum. Most common in male children 2-36 months. Causes nausea and sever abdominal pain and rectal bleeding. Give a barium enema to push back in place. Laparoscopy is the treatment.
Intusussception
Intestinal obstruction which is a complete or partial blockage that results in the failure of the contents to pass through the bowel. Twisting of the bowel on itself.
Volvulus
Causes a bowel obstruction and turns into cancer
intestinal polyps
Out pouching through intestine through abdominal wall needs to be repaired
Hernia
A type of bowel obstruction. Happens when parastalsis (movement of the bowel) stops.
Paralytic ileus
Small dimple or pit/sinus in the sacral area at te top of the crease between the buttocks. May also be a deep tract which may contain hair. May become infected forming a cyst-like structure. Requires surgical removal to prevent re infection...
Pilonidal Cyst
Anal tear. Narrow tear that extends from the muscles that control the anus (sphincters) up into the anal canal. A sphincterotomy is very effective.
Anal Fissure
Symptoms of anal or rectal cancer...
Bleeding and itching in anal area
Makes it able to check renal function during an operation
Foley catheter
Used during surgery in order to decompress stomach of air.
NG Tube
What is the GI or bowel technique? Intraoperatively.
1.Before opening the bowel, place clean towels and moist salts around the wound.
*2. Instruments used for resection and anastomosis must be kept separate from those used for abdominal closure.
3. Instruments and equipment contaminated by the interior lumen of the bowel of the GI tract must be removed after use includes sponges.
4. Gloves are changed before closure. Gowns may also be changed.
5. Acid secretions from the bowel are very irriating and may cause peritonitis.
What is Go-litely?
Preoperative laxative
What is the post-operative GI or bowel technique?
1. NG Tube
2. IV
3. Bowel sounds
4. Stool softener
5. Ostomy care
What is Dumping Syndrome?
Rapid emptying of gastric contents
a. nausea, vomiting, sweating, palpitations, diarrhea, or dizziness.
b. Vitamin B12 deficiency-anemia
c. Vitamin supplements
What do the shoestrings or rubber shods do during GI surgery?
Protects jaws of heavy intestinal forceps
What types of gastrostomy tubes might be used during GI surgery?
Malecot (Batwing), Pezzar (mushroom), or Foley.