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22 Cards in this Set

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Axial or Equatorial for stability on a ring?
Equatorial
Carboxypropane
=
Propanoic Acid
3C backbone
functional group: dblbondO,OH on a C
Propanoate
functional group:
Ester
R has dblbond 0, OR
Propanoyl halide
=
Halocarbonyl
Acyl Halide

R has dblbond O, X
Amidopropane
=
Propanamide
R has dbl bond 0, NH2
Nitrilepropane =?
Cyanopropane
R has C-trplBnd-N
Aldehyde on a group?
Oxo-
-al
backbone has dblbondO, H
Ketone?
Oxo-
-one
R has dbl bond 0, R
ROH
alcohol
hydroxy-
-ol
RSH
Thiol
sulhydryl-
-thiol
RNH2
amino-
-amine
R2C=NR'
amino-
-amine
ROR
Ether
alkoxy-
-ether
RN3
azide
azido-
RN2+
diazo-
hybridization, angles of bond
single bond: sp3; 109.5

double bonds: sp2; 120

triple bonds: sp; 180
isobutane vs neopentane vs isopropyl vs t-butyl
DRAW
p335
Phys props:
longer molecule
heavier-->
higher density, mp and bp
Phys Props:
more branch molecule
Lower density and bp
Phys Props:
Symmetry
More symmetric has higher MP
Free Radical Halogenation
Br2 + hv(UV light)
react with the most substitued group on a carbon molecule;
Cl2 as a free radical usually replaces primary hydrogens
pyrolysis
occurs when molecule broken down- also called cracking