Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/110

Click to flip

110 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Vertebral compartment
Cervical vertebrae
Postural muscles
Visceral compartment
Glands:
Thyroid, parathyroids, thymus

Pharynx, larynx, esophagus (parts of respiratory and digestive tracts)
Vascular comartment
(2)
Major blood vessels
Vagus nerve
C3-4
Superior border of thyroid cartilage

Carotid bifurcation
C5-6
Inferior limit of pharynx and larynx
Superior limit of trachea and esophagus
indentation between cricoid cartilage and 1st tracheal ring
Vessel under sternocleidomastoid
Jugular vein under muscle
Can feel a pulse
Facial artery
Temporal vessels
Target of internal carotid
Brain
laryngeal prominence laymen
Adam's apple
Suprahyoid action
Elevate hyoid
Changes position of voice box,
larynx
Infrahyoid action
Depress hyoid
Changes position of voice box, larynx
Triangles in anterior cervical triangle
Submandibular triangle
Submental triangle
Muscular triangle
Carotid triangle
Triangles in posterior cervical triangle
Subclavian triangle
Occipital triangle
Posterior triangle borders
Anterior sternocleidomastoid
Posterior Trapezius
Inferior clavicle
Roof Investing fascia
Floor: Splenius capitis
Levator scapulae
Scalenes
all covered with prevertebral fascia
Divides posterior triangle into danger and safe
Accessory nerve CN XI divides
Muscle in both anterior and posterior triangles
Omohyoid muscle (superior and inferior bellies) triangle location
Location of danger zone
Posterior triangle
Below CN XI (accessory)
Location of safe zone
Posterior triangle
Above CN XI (accessory)
Divides posterior triangle into upper and lower portions
Inferior belly of omohyoid muscle
2 triangles that make up posterior triangle
Occipital triangle
Subclavian triangle
Structures, nerves, vessels, and lymph in occipital triangle.
Accessory nerve CN XI
Supraclavicular nerves
Brachial plexus trunks
Transverse cervical artery
External jugular vein
Superficial cervical lymph nodes
Triangle with nerve point
Occipital triangle
Nerves coming out of nerve point
Cranial nerve XI
Lesser occipital nerve
Great auricular nerve
Transverse cervical nerve
Lateral supraclavicular nerve
Intermediate supraclavicular nerve
Medial supraclavicular nerve
Location of nerve point between structures
1/2 of way between mastoid and clavicle, inferior to sternocleidomastoid
Roof of the occipital triangle
Investing fascia
Structures, nerves, vessels, and lymph in subclavian triangle
Subclavian artery (3rd part)
External jugular vein (terminal part)
Subclavian vein
Suprascapular artery
Supraclavicular lymph nodes
Some of brachial plexus
Borders of Occipital triangle
Anterior SCM
Posterior Trapezius (ant border)
Inferior Inferior belly of omohyoid muscle
Roof Investing fascia
Floor Splenius capitis
Levator scapulae
Scalenes
Borders of subclavian triangle
Anteriorly SCM
Posterior/superiorly Inferior belly of omohyoid muscle
Inferiorly Middle 1/3 of clavicle
Roof Investing fascia
Floor Anterior scalene muscle
Vessel that supraclavicular nerves run over in posterior triangle
Transverse cervical vein
Structures, nerves, vessles, and lymph in subclavian triangle
Subclavian artery
External jugular vein (terminal part)
Subclavian vein
Suprascapular artery
Supraclavicular lymph nodes
Some of brachial plexus
Boundaries of anterior cervical triangle
Anterior Anterior midline of neck
Posterior SCM
Superior Mandible
Thyrocervical trunk triangle location
Subclavian triangle
Triangles of phrenic nerve
Subclavian and occipital (posterior triangle)
Subtriangles and # of anterior cervical triangle
Submandibular (digastric) triangle (2X)
Submental triangle (1X)
Carotid triangle (2X)
Muscular triangle (2X)
Borders of submental triangle
Lateral/superiorly Anterior belly of digastric muscle
Inferiorly Hyoid bone
Borders of submandibular triangle
Medially Anterior belly of digastric muscle
Laterally Mandible
Inferiorly Posterior belly of digastric muscle
Borders of Carotid triangle
Medially Superior belly of omohyoid muscle
Inferiorly SCM
Superiorly Posterior belly of digastric muscle
Borders of Muscular triangle
Superiorly Hyoid bone
Laterally Omohyoid muscle (superior belly) and SCM
Medially Midline
Boundaries of anterior cervical triangle
Anterior midline of neck
Posterior SCM
Superior Mandible (inferior border)
Floor of submental triangle
Mylohyoid muscle
Name for submental triangle
Nodal triangle
Contents of submental triangle
Submental lymph nodes
Floor of submandibular triangle
Mylohyoid muscle
Hyoglossus muscle
Middle pharyngeal constrictor muscle
Name for submandibular triangle
Glandular triangle
Contents of submandibular triangle
Submandibular gland
Submandibular lymph nodes
Mylohyoid nerve (CN VIII)
Hypoglossal nerve (CN XII)
Facial artery
Facial Vein
Structure facial artery crosses inferior border of.
Mandible
Floor of carotid triangle
Inferior pharyngeal constrictor muscle
Contents of carotid triangle
Common carotid artery
Internal carotid artery
External carotid artery (with branches)
Carotid body and sinus
Internal jugular vein and tributaries
Deep cervical lymph nodes
Vagus nerve (CN X)
Hypoglossal nerve (CN VII)
Accessory nerve (CN XI)
Branches of cervical plexus (ansa cervicalis, superior root of plexus)
Larynx
Pharynx
Thyroid
Parathyroid glands
Name for carotid triangle
Vascular triangle
Name for muscular triangle
Muscular and glandular triangle
Contents of muscular triangle
Infrahyoid muscles (strap muscles)
Thyroid gland
Parathyroid gland
Name for infrahyoid muscles
Strap muscles
Contents and position of the contents in carotid sheath
Internal jugular vein (anterior/lateral)
Common carotid artery,
internal carotid artery (medial/posterior)
Vagus nerve (CN X), posteriorly

Sympathetic fibers
Deep cervical lymph nodes
Muscles investing fascia surrounds.
Trapezius, SCM
Attachment and action of platysma muscle
Attaches to skin, fascial expression
4 types of deep fascia in the neck
Investing
Pretrachial
Prevertebral
Carotid sheath
Specific vessel not found in carotid sheath but near it
External carotid artery
Parts of pretrachial fascia
Visceral part
Muscular part
Classification of buccopharyngeal fascia
Pretrachial, visceral fascia
Location of buccopharyngeal fascia
Posterior side of visceral part of pretrachial fascia
What muscular part of pretrachial fascia surrounds
Strap/infrahyoid muscles
What visceral part of pretrachial fascia surrounds
Larynx/pharynx
What prevertebral fascia surrounds
Vertebral column and muscles
Muscles located within anterior/lateral border of prevertebral fascia
Longus colli muscles
Anterior scalene
Middle scalene
Posterior Scalene
Muscles the brachial plexus lies between at C4-5
Anterior scalene
Middle scalene
Nerve just anterior to anterior scalene muscle
Phrenic nerve
Location of CN XI at C4-5
Just inside SCM muscle (NOT in investing fascia!)
Clinical significance and location of retropharyngeal space
Posterior to Buccopharyngeal fascia and anterior to prevertebral fascia
Infections and cancer from posterior wall can spread into superior mediastinum
Layers separating the vertebral column from pharyx going towards column
Pharyngeal muscle, Buccopharyngeal fascia
Retropharyngeal space
Prevertebral fascia
Longus coli muscle
Anterior longitudinal ligament
Vertebral column
Symptoms of retropharyngeal infection
Dysphagia (difficulty swallowing)
Dysarthria (difficulty speaking)
Inferior extent of pretracheal fascia
Blends with fibrous pericardium
Structure encased in pretracheal fascia
Thyroid isthmus
Inferior extent of the space between the investing fascia and pretracheal fascia
Opens into thorax anterior to pericardium
Space contained completely within investing fascia
suprasternal space
Level of hyoid bone
C3
Level of carotid bifurcation
C4
Level of thyroid cartilage
C4-5
Level of Cricoid cartilage
C6
Level of thyroid gland
C6-T1
Contents of superficial fascia
Platysma muscle
Anterior and external jugular veins
Cutaneous branches of cervical plexus
Cervical branch of facial nerve (CN VII)
Investing fascia encloses:
Forms roof of cervical triangles
Surrounds entire neck deep to skin and subcutaneous fascia
Encloses trapezius
SCM
CN XI
Superior, inferior, and posterior extent of investing fascia
Superior: Blends with fascia of skull (including mandible) and hyoid
Inferior: Extends to manubrium, clavicle and scapula
Posterior: Continuous with nuchal ligament to C7 spinous process
Location of pretracheal fascia (in general)
in anterior part of neck
Structures enclosed by visceral part of pretracheal fascia.
Thyroid
Parathyroids
Trachea
Pharynx
Esophagus
Structures enclosed by muscular part of pretracheal fascea
Infrahyoid muscles
Superior, inferior and lateral extent of pretracheal fascia
Superior: Attaches to hyoid bone
Inferiorly: Blends with fibrous pericardium
Laterally: Blends with carotid sheath
Boundary buccopharyngeal fascia is a part of
Anterior boundary of retropharyngeal space
Location of retropharyngeal space
Between buccopharyngeal fascia and prevertebral fascia
Extends from base of skull into thorax
Function of retropharyngeal space
Facilitates movement of cervical viscera against vertebral column
Infection from nasopharyngeal tonsils will spread into what space?
Retropharyngeal space
Structures surrounded by prevertebral fascia
Vertebral column and muscles
Sympathetic chain in/on anterior aspect of the fascia
Location of sympathetic chain in neck
ON/in prevertebral fascia in neck
Prevertebral fascia forms the floor of _____________
Posterior triangle
Lateral, superior, inferior extents of prevertebral fascia
Lateral: forms axillary sheath
Superior: Attaches to base of skull
Inferior: blends with anterior longitudinal ligament at T3
Boundary prevertebral fascia is a part of
Posterior boundary of retropharyngeal space
Location of carotid sheath with respect to retropharyngeal space
At lateral edge of retropharyngeal space
Contents of carotid sheath
CCA
ICA
Vagus Nerve (CN X)
Carotid sinus and body
Sympathetic fibers
Deep cervical lymph nodes



NOT!!! ECA!!!
Omohyoid muscle superior belly
O
I
A
N
O: Hyoid
I: Intermediate tendon
A: depress hyoid
N: Ansa cervicalis nerves (Ventral rami C1-C3)
Omohyoid muscle inferior belly
O
I
A
N
O: Intermediate tendon
I: Clavicle
A: Depress hyoid
N: Ansa cervicalis nerves (Ventral rami C1-C3)
Superficial infrahyoid muscles
Omohyoid muscles
Sternohyoid muscle
Deep infrahyoid muscles
Thyrohyoid muscle
Sternothyroid muscle
Sternothyroid muscle
O
I
A
N
O: Manubrium (sternum)
I: Thyroid cartilage
A: Depress hyoid
N: Ansa cervicalis nerves (ventral rami C1-C3)
Thyrohyoid muscle
O
I
A
N
O: Hyoid bone
I: Thyroid cartilage
A: Raise thyroid cartilage (important in swallowing)
N: C1 filaus (nerve to thyrohyoid)
The brachial plexus is located between what two muscles in the neck?
Scalenus anterior m.
Scalenus medius m.
Location/action of fascial bud
Surrounds intermediate tendon of omohyoid muscles
Acts to depress hyoid
Sternohyoid m.
O
I
A
N
O: Manubrium (sternum)
I: Hyoid bone
A: Depress hyoid
N: Ansa cervicalis nerves (ventral rami C1-C3)
Longus coli muscle
O
I
A
N
O: body and transverse processes of cervical vertebrae
I: body and transverse processes of inferior cervical vertebrae
A: Bilaterally- flex the neck
Unilaterally- rotate the neck to the OPPOSITE side
N: Cervical ventral rami
Scalene anterior m.
O
I
A
N
O: Transverse processes
I: Rib 1
A: Lateral flexion of the neck or raise thoracic cage
N: C3-C8 (separate from brachial plexus)
Scalene middle m.
O
I
A
N
O: Transverse processes
I: Rib 1
A: Lateral flexion of the neck or raise thoracic cage
N: C3-C8 (separate from brachial plexus)
Scalene posterior m.
O
I
A
N
O: Transverse processes
I: Rib 2
A: Lateral flexion of the neck or raise thoracic cage
N: C3-C8 (separate from brachial plexus)