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148 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ventr/o
belly side
dors/o
back, posterior
anter/o
front, ventral
medi/o, mid-
middle
poster/o
back, dorsal
later/o
toward the side
super/o
uppermost or above
caud/o
toward the tail
infer/o
lowermost of below
abdomin/o
abdomen
proxim/o
nearer the origin or point of attachment
acr/o
extremities
dist/o
far or distant from the origin or point of attachment
cyst/o
cyst, bladder, or sac
dactyl/o
digit (toes, fingers, or both)
anter/o
Front
caud/o
Tail
dist/o
Far
dors/o
Back
infer/o
Below
later/o
Side
medi/o
Middle
poster/o
Behind
proxim/o
Near
super/o
Above
ventr/o
Belly
abdomin/o
abdomen
acr/o
extremities
blephar/o
eyelid
cyst/o
cyst, bladder, or sac
dactyl/o
digit (toes, fingers)
lapar/o
abdominal wall
omphal/o
umbilicus (navel)
onych/o
nail
pelv/i
pelvis
periton/o
peritoneum
som/a, somat/o
body
thorac/o
chest (thorax)
Thoracodynia
Pain in the thorax
Thoracotomy
Surgical incision of the chest wall
Thoracoscopy
Diagnostic examination of the chest cavity
Thoracoplasty
Plastic surgery of the chest in which portions of the ribs are removed to cause areas of the lungs to collapse
Blepharal
Pertaining to the eyelid
Blepharitis
Inflammation of the eyelid
Blepharoplegia
Paralysis of the eyelid
Blepharoptosis
Prolapse or sagging of the eyelid
Twitching of the eyelid
blepharospasm
Plastic surgery performed on the eyelid
blepharoplasty
Surgical incision of the eyelid
blepharotomy
Acrocyanosis
Cyanosis (blue tinge) of the extremities
Acrodermatitis
Dermatitis of the extremities
Acral
Pertaining to the extremities
Acrohypothermy
Abnormal coldness of the extremities
Acromegaly
Abnormal enlargement of the extremities
Onychomalacia
Softening of the nails
Onychomycosis
Disease of the nails caused by a fungus
Onychopathy
Any disease of the nails
Onychectomy
Surgical removal of the nail
Extra-
outside
Inter-
between
Intra-
Within
crin/o, -crine
secrete
dacry/o, lacrim/o
tear, tearing, crying
-emia
condition of the blood
hem/o, hemat/o
blood
hidr/o
sweat or perspiration
hydr/o
water
lymph/o
lymph
muc/o
mucus
-poiesis
production
-poietin
substance that causes production
py/o
pus
sial/o
saliva
ur/o
urine
Red blood cell
erythrocyte
White blood cell
leukocyte
Cell responsible for transporting oxygen
erythrocyte
Red pigment in blood
hemoglobin
Cell that is often decreased in anemia
erythrocyte
Major cell type that is increased in leukemia
leukocyte
Has an important function in blood clotting
Blood platelet
A foreign substance that induces production of antibodies is called an __________
antigen
Lack of resistance is being __________ to a disease
susceptible
Phagocytosis of pathogens is part of the body's __________ defense mechanism
nonspecific
Anti-body mediated immunity is part of the body's ___________ defense mechanism
specific
__________ immunity occurs when an individual's body produces an immune response to a harmful antigen
active
AIDS is an abbreviation for aquired ____________ syndrome
immunodeficiency
WMD
Weapons of mass destruction
CDC
Centers for disease control and prevention
The use of pathogenic biological agents to cause terror in a population is called
bioterrorism
A term that means scattered or distributed over a general area is
disseminated
Anterior
Toward the front
Caudad
Toward the tail
Cephalad
Toward the head
Distal
Far
Dorsal
Toward the back
Inferior
Below
Lateral
Toward the side
Medial
Middle
Proximal
Nearer the origin
Superior
Above
The fundamental unit of life is the _____________
cell
Similar cells acting together to perform a fucntion is called a(n) _______________
tissue
Tissue types working together to perform a function is called a(n) ______________
organ
Abnormal development of tissues or organs is called ______________________
dysplasia
An abnormal increase in the number of normal cells in tissue is called ____________
hyperplasia
Blepharal means pertaining to the __________________
eyelid
Acral means pertaining to the ________________
extremities
Thoracotomy means surgical incision of the ____________ wall
chest
Onychomalacia means softening of the ___________
nail
The _____________ cavity of the body is divided into the cranial and spinal cavities.
dorsal
Dividing the abdomen into ___________ uses imaginary lines to distinguish four parts
quadrants
Laparotomy means incision of the __________ wall
abdominal
Fluid that is found within the ells is called _________ fluid
intracellular
Lacrimation refers to the discharge of ______________
tears
Blood _____________ are called thrombocytes
platelets
What is the opposite of distal?
Proximal
What membrane lines the abdominopelvic cavity and enfolds the internal organs?
peritoneum
Inflammation of the navel
omphalitis
Presence of lacrimal stones
dacryolithiasis
A sticking together of two structures that are normally seperated
adhesion
What glands are ductless and therefore secrete their hormones into the bloodstream?
Endocrine
Formation and excretion of sweat
Hidrosis
Belly side
Ventral
Fluid part of the blood
Plasma
Pertaining to an immune response that has been weakened by disease or by an agent that suppresses the immune system
Immunocompromised
A substance that induces an immune response
antigen
A substance that prevents coagulation
anticoagulant
Formation and development of blood cells
hematopoiesis
In front and to one side
Anterolateral
Lack of development of an organ or tissue
Aplasia
Pertaining to the abdomen and thorax
Abdominothoracic
Presence of a thrombus
thrombosis
Use of pathogenic agents to cause terror
bioterrorism
White blood cells
leukocytes
Within a cell
Intracellular
homeostasis
Constant internal environment
Dysplasia
abnormal development of tissues or organs
Aplasia
Lack of development of an organ or tissue
Hypoplasia
Lack of development of an organ or tissue that is less severe than aplasia
Hyperplasia
An abnormal increase in the number of normal cells in tissue
Hypertrophy
An increase in the size of an organ caused by an increase in the size of the cells
Anaplasia
A change in structure and orientation of cells
Frontal plane
Divides the body into front and back portions
Transverse plane
Divides the body into upper and lower portions
Sagittal plane
Divides the body into right and left sides
Prone
Lying face downward
Supine
Lying on the back