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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
plasma membrane
regulates what passes into and out of cell
nucleus
instructions for cell, genetic info
chromosomes
contain hereditary info
nucleolus
synthesis of rRNA and ribosome assembly
Ribosomes
sites of protein synthesis
Endoplasmic reticulum
intracellular compartment forms transport vesicles, participates in lipid synthesis and
golgi apparatus
packages proteins for export from cell
Lysosomes
Digest worn out organeeles, cleans and blows up stuff
microbodies
isolate particular chemical activities from rest of cell
mitochondria
power plants, sites of oxidative metabolism
chloroplast
sites of photosynthesis
cytoskeleton
structural support, cell movement
flagella
motility or moving fluids over surfaces
cell wall
protection, support
Hydroxyl
OH
Carbonyl
CO
Carboxyl
CO2H
Amino
NH2
Sulfhydryl
SH
Phosphate
PO4
Methyl
CH3
Carbohydrates function?
Energy source and storage
Subunits of Carbohydrates
Alpha starch
Beta cellulose
Chitin
Sugar (Mono-,Dis-, and Poly-.. saccharides)
Function of Nucleic Acids
Specialized for the storage and transmission and use of genetics
Subunits of Nucleic Acids?
Nucleotides (a sugar, phosphate, and a nitrogenous base)
What are the functions of Protiens
Structure,
Enxymes
Regulation of processes
Locomotion
Protiens are made of
Polymer Amino Acids
Kinds of Amino acids
Nonpolar- r group is CH2 or cH3
Polar- r group contain O or Oh
Charged- R group contain Acids or bases
Aromatic- r group contains an organic C ring
or special function
Lipids functions are?
Integral membrane componets
or
energy storage
(they're hydrophobic)
What are lipids made of
Triglycerides (Unsaturated Fat, Saturated Fat, and Polyunsaturated)
and Phosopholipids
BONDS
-ester bond
C-H
Ether bond
H-O on the otha side
Motief
a recurrent molecular sequence or structer