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18 Cards in this Set

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Pacific Loon
Gaviiformes: Loons
*Excellent divers
*legs placed posteriorly
*tarsi compressed and three toes webbed
*long straight laterally compressed bill
*Bones not Hollow
Pied-billed Grebe

Western Greebe
Podicipediformes:
*reduced tail
*lobate feet
*short narrow wings
*toenails flattened
Sooty Shearwater
PROCELLARIIFORMES: (albatrosses, shearwaters, fulmars, and petrels)
*slightly hooked beak
*long narrow wings
*tubular nostrils
Brown Pelican

Double-creasted Cormorant
PELECANIFORMES:(totipalmate swimmers)
*Bill with gular sack
*feet totipalmate (three webs between four toes)
Great Blue Heron
CICONIIFORMES (long-legged waders)
*long legs, neck, bill, and wings
*wings broad;tail short
*neck folded in "S" shape in flight
Canada Goose
Wood Duck
Surf Scooter
American Wigeon
Canvansback
Mallard
Common Merganser
Anseriformes (water fowl)
*broad flat lamellated (plates) or serrated bill and nail
*four toes- one small and elevated three toes joined by two webs
Turkey Vulture
Red-tailed hawk
Northern Harrier
Sharp-shinned hawk
Bald Eagle
Golden Eagle
Osprey
FALCONIFORMES (BIRDS OF PREY)
*Bill hooked
*nostrils located in basal cere
*strong feet with grasping claws
*females usually larger than males
Californian Quail
Ring-necked Pheasant
Blue Grouse
Ruffed Grouse
GALLIFORMES:(fowl like birds)
*short curved bill
*short rounded wings
* strong legs
* hind toe always present
Sandhill Crane
Coot
GRUIFORMES: (CRANES, RAILS, ALLIES)
*bill neck legs usually long
*fly with neck extended
*very diverse group but with similar plalate and skeletal features
Black oyster catcher
Killdeer
Whimbrel
Western gull
common snipe
Common murre
Pigeon guillemot
Marbled murrelet
American Avocet
Black-necked stilt
CHARADRIIFORMES: (shore birds, auks and gulls)
characters variable
*bill often long and heavy
*legs and feet small
*feet often webbed
waders, swimmers and divers
Banded-tailed pigeon
Mourning dove
Rock dove
COLUMBIFORMES:
*plump bodies
*small heads
*short slender bill with prominent cere
*wings and tail often long, but broad
Barn owl
Great horned owl
Short-eared owl
Western screech-owl
Burrowing owl
Spotted owl
Northern pygmy owl
STRIGIFORMES
*strong hooked beak with cere
*raptorial feet with zygodactyl toes
*broad wings with soft plumage
*toes often feathered
*large head forward facing eyes
Common nighthawk
Poorwill
CAPRIMULGIFORMES (goatsuckers)
*short weak beak with wide gape surrounded by bristles
* large eyes weak feet
*long pointed wings
most crepuscular (active dawn and dusk)
Vaux's swift
Rufous humming bird
APODIFORMES; swifts and hummingbirds
*small birds with very short legs and tiny weak feet
*small decurved bill with large mouth (swifts)
*long delicate bill and tongue9humming bird)
*short humerus and relatively long forearm and hand bones
Belted kingfisher
CORACIIFORMES (kingfishers, motmots, bee-eaters, rollers, hornbills)
*large head
*large billed
*mettallic bright plummages
*toe syndactylous
*anterior toes joined in various combinations
Northern fliker
Acorn woodpecker
Red-breated sapsucker
Downy woodpecker
Hairy woodpecker
Lewis's woodpecker
Pileated woodpecker
PICIFORMES
*bill long straight chisel like
*tail often stiff with graduated feather lengths
*wings long
*feet strong and zygodactylous
perching birds
*more than 5000 species
*all have simple perching anisodactyl feet with toes at the same level
*medium to small size
PASSERIFORMES
Kiwi

Super Order: Paleoagathae
*flightless birds w/o keeled sternum
Order: Dinornithiformes
*long beak
*reduced wings
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