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53 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
to pluck the strings
pizzicato
very loud
fortissimo
to gradually get slower
ritardando
to play with the bow
arco
to play with the stick of the bow
col legno
much
molto
to die away
morendo
lilting, wilting, dragging
lento
more motion
piu mosso
emphasis is placed on the weak beat
syncopation
all play
tutti
loud
forte
to divide the part
divisi
slow
largo
sudden, heavy accent
sforzando
hammer stroke
martele
bounced, off-the-string bow
spiccato
medium loud
mezzo forte
very fast
presto
to play with the mute
con sordino
happy, fast
allegro
loud then immediately soft
forte-piano (fp)
short, stopped bow
staccato
long, smooth bow
legato
in a singing style
cantabile
to play over the bridge
sul ponticello
emphasis on one note
accent
suddenly
subitto
soft
piano
to gradually get softer
dimuendo (dim.)
to stretch out, pull, extend... think of silly putty
rallentando
to speed up or slow down a section of music for artistic purposes
rubato
walking tempo
andante
to gradually get softer
decrescendo (>)
detached
detache
to play over the fingerboard
sul tasto
to gradually get louder
crescendo (<)
rapid oscillation between the given note and the diatonic 2nd above
trill
with motion
con moto
medium soft
mezzo piano
to gradually get faster, to accelerate
accelerando
rapid back and forth movement of the bow
tremolo
within the key signature
diatonic
part of the piece where the soloist is expected to improvise
cadenza
repetitive sequence of notes (more than 4 measures)
ostinato
piece for solo instrument and orchestra
concerto
multi-movement piece made up of dances
sonata
large, 4-movement orchestral work
symphony
piece for multiple solists and orchestra
concerto grosso
instruments that are hit, shaken, or struck for sound
percussion
blow through a wooden reed or across holes
woodwind
buzzed to make a sound
brass
pluck strings for sound
strings