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67 Cards in this Set

  • Front
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a tempo
return to the orginial tempo or prev tempo
accelerando
gradually get faster
adagietto
a little faster than adagio
adagio
slow
agitato
aggitated
allegro
lively, quick
allegretto
a little slower than allegro
allegro ma non troppo
allegro but not to much
andante
walking tempo nor fast nor too slow
andantino
a little faster than andante
animato
animated
arco
with the bow
assai
very
attaca
to the next section without interuption
cadenza
solo section, passage
cantabile
in a singing style
col legno
play with the stick of the bow
con arco,con moto, con sordino
with bow, with motion, with mute
detache
legato bow changes and notes not separated
dolce
sweetly
largetto
a little faster than largo
largo
very slow
leggiero
lightly
l'istesso tempo
continue with same tempo or beat
loure
slurred notes with space bewteen them to be played in a lagato manner
ma non troppo
not too much
marcato
accented heavy notes
martele
accented heavy notes
meno mosso
less motion
orendo
dying away
non divisi
play all the notes
obbligato
a second part or accompainmetn to solo parts
ossia
an alternate way to play a section
pesante
heavily
piu
more
pun mosso
more motion
pizzicato
pluck
poco a poco
little by little
portato
slurred notes with space between them to be played in a legato manner
presto
very fast
presstissimo
as fast as possible
ritenuto
slower then the prev secton
ruabto
takeing a little more time on some notes for musical expression
saltato, saltando
off the string at the tip of the bow in a ricochet thrown manner
sautille
fast short notes to be played off the string but close
cherzo
in a playeful style
segue
continue without interuption
sempre
always continue bowing, tempo or style frombefore
senzo sordino
without the mute
sostenuto
sustained
spiccatoto
be played off the string
staccato
very stron, short notes on the string
stringendo
increasing the tempo suddenly and continually
sul ponticello
played near the bridge
sul tasto
played near the fingerboard
tacet
dont play
tempo primo
first tempo of piece or movement
tenuto
hold ou tthe frullest value of the note
termelo
play as manny notes as fast as possible usually at tipe of bow
tutti, vivace, vivo
all play, lively quick, lively
perfect intervals
may be found in major scale of other note 4ths 5ths & octaves
major interval
upper note found in major key of lower note 2nds 3rds 6ths 7ths
minor interval
one hlaf step smaller than the major iterval with the same number size
interval
distance between two notes
natural minor
half steps between 2&3 and 5&6
harmonic minor
half steps between 2/3 & 5/6 with 7th note raised half step (ascending/decendig)
melodic minor
hlaf steps 2/3 and 5/6 with 6th and 7th note raised half step (ascending only) 6/7 lowered for decending ...retruns to natural minor decse.