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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
pianissimo (pp)
very soft
piano
soft
mezzo piano
medium soft
mezzo forte
medium loud
forte
loud
fortissimo
very loud
crescendo
gradual increase in volume (<)
decrescendo
gradually decrease in volume (>)
sforzando (sfz)
sudden sharp accent
grave
very slow, solemn
largo
very slow, broad
adagio
moderately slow
andante
moderate, walking tempo
moderato
between andante and allegro
allegro
fast
presto
very fast
a tempo
return to regular tempo after a ritard
accelerando
becoming faster
ritardando
slowing down
rallentando
slowing down
rubato
irregular tempo
arco
with the bow
detache
single bowing of each note
jete ricochet
throwing the upper part of the bow on the string so it will bounce a series of rapid notes on the down bow
martele
hammer stroke with forceful, sudden release
pizzicato
plucked
spiccato
bouncing bow
staccato
short
tremolo
extremley rapid strokes
concerto and an example
a piece for soloist or soloists and orchestra
(Example: Beethoven Violin Concerto)
tremolo
extremley rapid strokes
overture and an example
an orchestral introduction to an opera, musical or play or an independent concert piece of similar style
(Example: overture to a celebration by William Eckfeld)
Symphony and an example
a large work for orchestras, usually in several movements and most often in four
(Example: symphone number five in C minor by Beethoven)
coda
closing section of a composition
da capo
(D.C.) from the beginning
dal segno
from the sign
fine
end
glissando
slide from one pitch to the next
tacet
don't play
tutti
everyone plays