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30 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
An acute disease characterized by high fever, lesions of the mucous membranes and skin, and a sharp drop in circulating granular white blood cells.
a hypersensitive state acquired through exposure to a particular allergen, reexposure bringing to light an altered capacity to react.
Allergic rxn
listening for sounds within the body, chiefly to ascertain the condition of the thoracic or abdominal viscera and to detect pregnancy; it may be performed with the unaided ear (direct or immediate a.) or with a stethoscope
: Hypersensitivity induced by preliminary exposure to a substance and usually producing a contraction of smooth muscle and a dilation of blood vessels.
reduction below normal of the number of erythrocytes, quantity of hemoglobin, or the volume of packed red cells in the blood; a symptom of various diseases and disorders.
spasmodic, choking, or suffocating pain.
a vascular reaction involving the deep dermis or subcutaneous or submucosal tissues, representing localized edema caused by dilatation and increased permeability of the capillaries, and characterized by the development of giant wheals.
A substance that prevents the clotting of blood.
A drug or treatment that reduces high blood pressure.
A diseased state of the blood, usually one in which the blood contains permanent abnormal cellular elements
blood dyscrasia
The habitual involuntary grinding or clenching of the teeth, usually during sleep, as from anger, tension, fear, or frustration
infection by fungi of the genus Candida, generally C. albicans, most commonly involving the skin, oral mucosa (thrush), respiratory tract, or vagina; rarely there is a systemic infection or endocarditis.
decay, as of bone or teeth
a group of liver diseases marked by interstitial inflammation of the liver, loss of normal hepatic architecture, fibrosis, and nodular regeneration
A factor that renders the administration of a drug or the carrying out of a medical procedure inadvisable
Gradual return to health and strength after an illness, an injury, or a surgical operation.
process by which the strencth or vitality of something is diminished or destroyed.
1) severe, chronic form of diabetes caused by insufficient production of insulin and resulting in abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. The disease, which typically appears in childhood or adolescence, is characterized by increased sugar levels in the blood and urine, excessive thirst, frequent urination, acidosis, and wasting. Also called insulin-dependent diabetes, type 1 diabetes.
diabetes mellitus
A chronic metabolic disorder characterized by intense thirst and excessive urination, caused by a deficiency of the pituitary hormone vasopressin
diabetes insipidus
the determination of the nature of a case of a disease or the distinguishing of one disease from another
the process of separating macromolecules from ions and low molecular weight compounds in solution by the difference in their rates of diffusion through a semipermeable membrane, through which crystalloids pass readily but colloids pass slowly or not at all.
: any disorder due to defective or faulty nutrition
Enzyme-Linked Immuno-Sorbent Assay; any enzyme immunoassay using an enzyme-labeled immunoreactant and an immunosorbent
Superficial destruction of a surface by friction, pressure, ulceration, or trauma.(the wearing away of tooth structure sue to abrasive or chemical action
any of a group of syndromes characterized by paroxysmal transient disturbances of brain function that may be manifested as episodic impairment or loss of consciousness, abnormal motor phenomena, psychic or sensory disturbances, or perturbation of the autonomic nervous system; symptoms are due to disturbance of the electrical activity of the brain
The cause or origin of a disease or disorder as determined by medical diagnosis.
originating outside or caused by factors outside the organism
an abnormal passage between two internal organs or from an internal organ to the body surface
a sulfated glycosaminoglycan of mixed composition, released by mast cells and by blood basophils in many tissues, especially the liver and lungs, and having potent anticoagulant properties. It also has lipotrophic properties, promoting transfer of fat from blood to the fat depots by activation of lipoprotein lipase. It is used as the calcium or sodium salt in the prophylaxis and treatment of disorders in which there is excessive or undesirable clotting and to prevent clotting during extracorporeal circulation, blood transfusion, and blood sampling
Inflammation of the liver.