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61 Cards in this Set

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Which of the following is the surest way to capture a driver's attention?
Short bursts with the air-horns.
An upgrade that is steep enough and long enough to require gear changing to maintain speed is a NFPA 1002 requirement for the road test.
True
The device that improves traction on slippery roads by reducing drive wheel overspin is called the__________
automatic traction control.
The system in which traffic signals respond to emergency vehicle sirens is called the__________
SONEM 2000 system.
What practical driving exercises tests the driver/operator's ability to move the vehicle backward within a restricted area?
Alley dock exercise.
What gear selection would be most appropriate for operating a manual transmission apparatus in heavy traffic?
3rd
In about 40 percent of all collisions, the driver/operator is not aware of a problem until it is too late to correct it.
True
How far apart should markers be for the serpentine exercise?
30 feet to 38 feet
The driverloperator should wait until all occupants are within the cab, seated, and wearing seat belts before puffing the apparatus in motion.
True
Studies in Pennsylvania and New York indicate that most collisions involving EMS vehicles occur in broad daylight on dry roads.
True
Some shifters on automatic transmission apparatus have a normal driving (D) designation similar to that found on smaller passenger vehicles
True
Most driving regulations pertain to dry, clear roads during daylight conditions
True
Reduced engine wear is NOT a result of long idling periods?
True
When does the NFPA not recognize as an exception to Its requirement that all riders on an apparatus should be seated within the cab or body and wearing seat belts?
When doing a pump and roll attack on a wildland fire.
What gear selection would be most appropriate for driving an automatic transmission apparatus on moderate grades and for over-the-road operation at moderate speeds?
1-4
Homebuilt vehicles are less likely to have design problems than those built by a fire apparatus manufacturer.
False. Homebuilt vehicles are more likely to have design problems than those built by a fire apparatus manufacturer
When should the clutch be disengaged during braking?
Shortly before the apparatus comes to a full stop.
What practical driving exercises measures a driver/operator's ability to steer in a straight line, judge distances from wheel to
object, and stop at a finish line?
The correct answer is Diminishing-clearance exercise.
All fire apparatus training and testing should follow the requirements contained in________Standard for a Fire Service Vehicle Operations Training Program.
NFPA 1451
The_____is an acceptable alternative to the alley dock exercise.
apparatus station parking maneuver.
What should a driver/operator do if a vehicle that is not equipped with an ABS goes into a skid?
Gradually apply power to the wheels once the skid is controllable.
Inattentiveness and panic are common causes of reckless driving by the public.
True
One underpass, low-clearance bridge is a NFPA 1002 requirement for the road test.
True
Units responding along the same route should travel a maximum of 300 feet apart.
True
A straight urban business street or two-lane rural road at least one mile long is a NFPA 1002 requirement for the road test.
True
Generally, how long should a hot engine idle before shutting down?
3 to 5 minutes.
Some apparatus employ____that assist in braking.
engine brakes.
When backing an apparatus it is normally safer and sometimes quicker to drive around the block and start again.
True
A railroad crossing is a NFPA 1002 requirement for the road test.
True
What is the average total stopping distance (meters) for a three-axle truck and trailer going 64 km/h on dry, level pavement?
75.9
The distance a vehicle travels while a driver is transferring the foot from the accelerator to the brake pedal after seeing the need to stop is called_________
reaction distance.
What is the approximate braking distance (feet) of a light two-axle truck going 35 mph on dry, level pavement?
92
A siren operating on an emergency vehicle moving at 60 mph is audible 300 feet in front of the vehicle.
False. A siren operating on an emergency vehicle moving at 60 mph is audible only 12 feet or less in front of
the vehicle.
The sum of driver/operator reaction distance and vehicle braking distance is referred to as
total stopping distance
The device that allows for a difference in speed between tandem rear axles while providing pulling power from each axle
interaxle differtial lock
What vehicle types has had a particularly high incidence of serious collisions?
Homebuilt tanker
EMS is the abbreviation for_____
emergency medical services
ATC is the abbreviation for_____
automatic traction control.
Where is the most likely place for a collision involving an emergency vehicle?
Intersection
The device that reduces the air pressure on the front steering axle by 50 percent when in the ''slippery road'' position is called the_______
front-brake limiting valve
POV is the abbreviation for______
privately owned vehicle
The distance a vehicle travels from the time the brakes are applied until the apparatus comes to a complete stop is called the_________
braking distance.
When the engine must be left to idle for an extended time, it should be set at________RPM
900-1,100
ABS is the abbreviation for_______
antilock braking system
What should a driver/operator do when travelling behind a slower moving vehicle?
Avoid passing vehicles that do not pull over to yield the right-of-way.
What percentage of firefighter injuries and deaths are caused by vehicle collisions while responding to or returning from emergency calls?
15-20
NFPA 1002 provides specific directions on testing driver/operator candidates.
True
Which of the vehicle systems is particularly likely to lead to a collision if it fails?
Braking
When driving a manual transmission apparatus downhill what should the driver/operator do?
The driver/operator should select a lower gear
The system in which a strobe light on the apparatus signals sensors on traffic lights is called the________
Opticom system
The process of scanning far enough ahead to ensure the driver/operator will have enough time to take any appropriate action provides________
visual lead time
Which of the following practical driving exercises simulates maneuvering around parked and stopped vehicles and tight corners?
Serpentine course
When ascending a steep grade, momentary lugging is unavoidable.
True
The extra weight carried on most fire apparatus helps to prevent skids and rollover.
False. The extra weight carried on most fire apparatus can contribute to skidding and rollover due to excessive weight transfer
Fire apparatus on an emergency response must come to a complete stop before proceeding through a red light or stop sign
True
Approximately how many civilians are killed each year in emergency-apparatus related collisions?
25
What is the best way of looking at emergency driving?
Driver/operators should drive as they ordinarily would and take advantage of the room that clears for them on the road
Most departments have standard operating procedures for times when the apparatus may be forced to idle for an extended time.
True
In a vehicle equipped with an ABS, the driver/operator should maintain a steady pressure on the brake pedal rather than pumping it if the vehicle
goes into a skid.
True
What is the average driver reaction distance (feet) at 55 mph?
61
How close to the finish line must the driver/operator stop the front bumper in the dim inishing-clearance test?
6 inches