Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/49

Click to flip

49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
alpha fetoprotein
liver
testicular (yolk-sac)
bladder tumor antigen
bladder
NMP 22
bladder
CA 15-3
breast
CA 27.29
breast
CA 19-9
pancreas
lung
breast
CA-125
ovarian
carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)
colon, pancreas, other GI
chromogranin A
carcinoid tumors
neuroblastoma
HCG
hydatiform moles
choriocarcinoma
beta2-microglobulin
multiple myeloma
CLL
PSA
prostate
S-100
melanoma
CNS tumors
nerve tumors
thyroglobulin
thyroid
ALL
pancytopenia
Hx of radiation therapy
Down's
3-5 yo
AML
pancytopenia
Auer rods
DIC
>30 yo
CLL
males
lymphadenopathy
lymphocytosis
infections
smudge cells
splenomegaly
>50 yo
CML
WBC >50,000
Phil. chromosome
blast crisis
splenomegaly
30-50 yo
Hairy cell leukemia
hairlike projections on blood smear
splenomegaly
adults
mycosis fungoides, sezary syndrome
plaque-like itchy skin rash that does not improve
blood smear shows cerebriform nuclei
pautrier abcesses in epidermis
>50 yo
burkitt's lymphoma
Associated with EBV in africa
children
CNS B-cell lymphoma
HIV/AIDs
adults
T-cell leukemia
can be caused by HTLV-1
adults
Hodgkins dz
Reed-Sternberg cells
cervical lymphadenopathy
night sweats
15-34 yo
non-hodgkins lymphoma
best px - small follicular
poor px - large diffuse
primary tumor can be in GI tract
any age
myelodysplasia, myelofibrosis
anemia
tear-drop cells
dry tap on bone marrow bx
high MCV and RCDWI
associated with CML
>50 yo
multiple myeloma
bence jones protein
osteolytic lesions
high calcium
>40 yo
Waldenstrom's dz
hyperviscosity
IgM spike
cold agglutins
>40 yo
Polycythemiavera
high Hb
pruritis after hot shower
tx phlebotomy
>40 yo
primary thrombocythemia
Plt >1,000,000
bleeding or thrombosis
>50 yo
What are the 3 most common cancers in women?
breast, lung, colon
What are the 3 cancers with the highest mortality in women?
lung, breast, colon
What are the 3 most common cancers in men?
prostate, lung, colon
What are the 3 cancers with the highest mortality in men?
lung, prostate, colon
Retinoblastoma
AD
--> osteogenic sarcoma later in life
MEN type I
AD
--> parathyroid, pituitary, pancreas (islet cell)
one = 3 Ps
MEN type IIA
AD
--> thyroid (medullary), parathyroid, pheo
MEN type IIB
AD
--> thyroid (medullary), mucosal neuromas, pheo
both type twos have thyroid and pheos. A also has parathyroid (A and I). B also has weird mucosal crap, hence it's b grade.
Familial polyposis
AD
--> colon polyps. duh.
Gardner's syndrome
AD
--> familial polyposis + osteomas, soft tissue tumors
Turcot's syndrome
AD
--> familial polyposis + CNS tumors
Peutz-Jeghers syndrome
AD
--> perioral freckles (..odd,) non-cancerous GI polyps, increased risk of stomach, breast, ovarian cancers.
Neurofibromatosis I
AD
--> neurofibromas + cafe-au-lait spots, pheos, bone cysts, Wilms' tumor, leukemia
Neurofibromatosis II
AD
--> bilateral acoustic schwannomas
Tuberous sclerosis
AD
--> adenoma sebaceum, seizures, MR, glial nodules, renal angiomyolipomas, cardiac rhabdomyomas
Van Hippel-Lindau dz
AD
--> hemangiomas in cerebellum, renal cell cancer, cysts in liver/kidney
Xeroderma pigmentosum
AR
--> skin cancer
Albinism
AR
--> skin cancer
why did i type this one
Down's syndrome
--> leukemia