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9 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Osgood-Schlatter's syndrome
osteochondiritis of tibial tubercle of adolescent.
Repeated stress on attachment of quadricepts tendon to tibial tubercle causes minor evulsion of its ossification center.
Baker's cyst
Pain and swelling in posteior knee.
EtiologyL posterior bursal inflammation. Bursitis btw gastrocnemius and semimembranous tendon; synovial cyst of semitendinosus tendon.
Housemaid's knee
Prepatellar bursitis caused by prolonged kneeling.
McMurray test.
To r/o posteior medial meniscal tear.
McMurray=Medial Meniscus.
Test: flex thigh and knee (to drive menisci posteior). Then external rotate foot and ankle (external rotation drives medial meniscus further posteriorly) an straighten the leg.
Audible or palpable click is positive test.
Apley's test.
Compression and distraction test.
To differentiate ligamentous from meniscal injury.
Test for torn meniscus: Pt prone w/ knee flexed to 90 deg. Foot dorsiflexed and compressed thru the foot to knee. Then foot is internally and externally rotated.
If pain on rotation--> torn meniscus.

Test for ligamentous injury: Traction at the ankle w/ internal and external rotation of tibia. Test lateral and medial collateral ligaments under stress.
Drawer test.
Flexed knee, graps proximal tibia and push/pull the tibia.

Excessive anterior motion = anterior cruciate ligament tear.
Excessive posteior motion = posterior cruciate ligament tear.
Lachman Test.
Determine damage of ACL.
Test: pull upward on proximal tibia. If perceptible movement, indicates torn ligament.