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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is gerontology?
study of aging population
How do we differentiate usual patterns of aging and successful patterns of aging?
usual - typical older person
successful- little decline in aging for most of physiological functions
What factors influence usual or successful aging?
-sense of control over ones life
-social networks
=diet
-exercise
What happens to those without disease in terms of performance with younger adults?
those who are without disease can do comparatively well compared to younger people
What can cause a slowing process?
recent and significant losses in personal lives
What are the normal physiological process of aging?
-loss of hair teeth, height, wrinkling of skin, loss of acuity of hearing and vision
WHat explains the physical changinges?
loss of collagen
What is the changes to sleep?
-need less sleep
-more spontaneous interruption
-more nap time
What did Erikson think about aging?
Ego integrity vs despair
What is the perferable outcome?
wisdom
What is Ego integrity?
feel satisfied, few regrets
WIsdom? What is it in cognitive development?
autonomous thought they have
What is autnomous thought?
they can solve problems with information not given, mediate between logic and emotion
What is the two things that people need to get contentment?
intimacy
generativity
What happens without generativity?
no sense of purpose in life and fear of death and despair predominate emotional life of the person
What does Neugarten think about aging?
give up ones position of authority and look back on former competence
What is George Valliant study?
he followed collage students
What did George Valliant find at age 65?
emotional health is correlated to
-close to ones sibling during college years
-early traumatic experiences did not correlate with poor adaptation in older years
-depression from 21 to 50 predicted emotional problems when they were older
-two personality styles lead to sense of well being after age 65
What are the two personality styles that lead to sense of well being after 65?
pragmatism and dependability
What are the differences in men and women in age?
-women live longer
-more likely to live alone
-less likely to have income
-women have more pressimism about age and other old people
-more connected and involved in family
What happens when older women losses spouse?
men get married again and women have low picking
What is the most rapidly growing group?
aging people
What is older peoples income?
75% have income below 10,000 a year
What is the best way to provide health care to older people?
involve their families
knowledge of life stories
socioeconomics and conditions
constante attention to help them feel in control