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66 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Types of psalms
Hymns, Group Comlaint, Individual Complaint, Thanksgiving songs of the individual, royal psalms, Wisdom Psalms.
Call to worship
Description of Gods Acts or attributes(body of hymn)
COnclusion ("praise the lord")
Complaints of the people
Address to God Preliminary cry for help
Reference to gods past work
description of peoples suffering(figuratively)
Affirmation of trust(gods past deeds)
series of petitions for rescue
double wish relating people to their enemies
vow of praise. promise to celebrate
Complaints of the individual
Most Psalms
Address to god cry for help
Description of Crisis (highly poetic)
affirmation of trust
additional argument
vow of praise
assurance of being heard
Thanksgiving songs of the individual
resolve to give thanks
introductory summary
poetic recollection of te time of need
Report and petition an rescue
generalized teaching
renewed thanksgiving
In Psalms of Thanksgiving, the Hebrew word “sheal” meaning “grave” is used much
Royal psalm
SOmetimes used in public worship such as weddings, coronations, prayers before or after battle.
Reflect a Unique tie between yawheh and the King.
Scholars give these reasons-
1) divine kingship
2) sacral Kingship
3) Charismatic Kingship
4) Sacerdotal Kingship
5) Divinely appointed kingship
Wisdom Psalms
should reflect literary techniques of wisdom teachings such as proverb, acrostics, numerical series, admonitions addressed to sons, the commendation formula beginning with "happy is/are the "
HAve an obvious intent to teach by direct instruction
COntaint themes characterstic of wisdom-two ways, righteous and wicked, use of wealth,m fitting into social structure.
(where Proverbs gets its name) is evidently derived from the root meaning “to be like” or “compared with"
Proverbs of Solomon
Collection of 375 proverbs generally considered oldest
Second line of the parallelism states an idea opposite that of the first.
A child who gathers in summer is product, but a child who sleeps in harvest brings shame
Synthetic Parallelism
Second line complete the first
The Lord has made everything for its purpose, even the wicked for the day of trouble
Synonomyous Parallelism
Second line restates and reinforced the first.
Pride goes before destruction, and a haughty spirit before a fall
A prophet from Shiloh, who foretold to Jeroboam that he would become king (I Kings, xi. 29). Later he prophesied the downfall of Jeroboam's house and of the kingdom of Israel
# announcing the rending of the ten tribes from Solomon; and
# 1 Kings 14:6-16, delivered to Jeroboam's wife, foretelling the death of Abijah the king's son, the destruction of Jeroboam's house, and the captivity of Israel "beyond the river."
Able young Ephraimite who solomon appointed leader of the courvee.
Became King of Israel after Solomon.
He founded a rival form of Yahwism in the north and he was condemned by prophets

He outlawed trips to the Solomonic temple and set up alternative shrines in Dan and Bethel.

He rebuilt and fortified Shechem as the capital of his kingdom
"he who enlarges the people"
First King of kingdom of Judah and third of Kingdom of David.
Solomons son.
Raised taxes
Good king ruled for 40 years, judahs first religious reformer.
Bad king, son of Jeroboam, killed by basha of Israel. fall of Jeroboams dynasty
Lord of the vine, God of fertility.
Ahab and Jezebel
Ahab=bad king son of Omri, married to Jezebel=daughter of King of Tyre.
Ahab dies by random arrow.
Jezebel is thrown over the jezreel city wall and her flesh is eaten by dogs when jehu asks.
Prophet who told ahab and jezebel no rain for years to prove that Baal was not god.
After announcing the coming of rain met with the 450 prophets of baal on MT. Carmel and after proving that BAal was a false idol had them all killed. JEzebel threatens to kill him and he flees to the desert.
Annointed Elisha as his predecessor.
Reigned for seven days
Annointed by Elisha, son of jehoshapat, told by elisha to destroy house of Ahab. He wrote letter to guardians of Ahabs children to kill the 70 princes.
decieved baal minister by telling them that he too was a follower and then when meeting odered them to be killed.
Fall of northern kingdom
722/721 - destroyed by Assyria (Sargon II)
Zion Theology
Zion Theology - conditional covenant of Deuteronomy; Zion is the city of God and it cannot fall; but Jeremiah said how that had changed.
Destruction of Jerusalem and Temple
587 Destructoin of Jerusalem and temple; Second Deportation; Kingdom ends.
God Scatters. Jehu massacres at Jezreel.Hosea Gomer and adulteress have a son named
Possible co-author-Words of the wise.
was a "wise man" who lived in Egypt during the late 19th Dynasty of the New Kingdom. He resided in Akhim, which was located on the east side of the upper Delta of the Nile. His discourses resembled that of a father telling his son how to live a good and moral life (Instructions of Amenemopet) and was composed of 30 chapters.[1] Although his discourses are unique, they share common themes with wisdom literature of other cultures surrounding Egypt (Babylonian, and Hebrew, i.e., Proverbs and Ecclesiastes).
Prophet in rehoboams time
Meaning: whom Jehovah heard
when Rehoboam wants to take north by force SHemaiah says No
new leader of corvee after jehoboam leaves to be king of the the north tribe. Adoram is stoned when he goes to collect taxes from the northern tribe.
What factors divided the kingdoms of israel.
solomon died
people are tired of heavy taxing
revolts occur
A. Buys hill of Samaria - like David 1 Kgs 16:24 cf. 2 Sam 24:18-25

B. Marriage diplomacy - like Solomon

1. Gives his son Ahab to Jezebel, daughter of King of Tyre; peace with North

2. Athaliah - granddaughter of Omri marries Jehoram of Judah; peace with South
Ahab and Jezebel murder him for his vineyards. Jezebel had him stoned.
the one missing prophet, says that Ahab will die in battle.
Pharoah- (Sheshonk I) devastates Judah. 1 Kgs 14:25-28
Battle of Qargar
Battle fought--Ahab v Shalmaneser III, king of Assyria.
Jehoshaphat (good king) followed the ways of his father Asa
good king), son of Ahaz, began to reign in Judah
o He crushed Nehushtan (the snake image)
o “There was no one like him…before him or after him”
o Hezekiah would not give in to Sennacherib king of Assyria because Isaiah said that the Lord would deliver them

o Tried to break Assyria’s political dominances in the west
o Attempted to purify Judah’s covenant faith by abolishing the worship of Canaanite and Assyrian gods (broke Nehushtan)
o When Sargon, king of Assyria, died, leaving the throne to his son Sennachierb, Hezekiah chose that moment openly to rebel
o Sennacherib captured Judah and “shuts up Hezekiah like a caged bird within Jerusalem, his royal city,” but Hezekiah encouraged by Isaiah will still not surrender Jerusalem; an angel killed 185,000 Assyrian soldiers in the night and Sennacherib withdrew
o Though Hezekiah was ill and was going to die, he prayed and God added 15 years to his life
o The sign of this miracle to Hezekiah was that God would have the shadow “go back ten steps”
o He showed some Babylonians everything that was in his palace storehouses, which Isaiah prophesies will be taken away someday by the Babylonians
Characteristics of a prophet
Ecstasy – in a few instances in the Old Testament prophets was be seized by sudden ecstasy, but the characteristic of the true prophet is that he retains his consciousness and self-control under revelation
>>The form of revelation varied from external and internal hearing to seeing objects that become catchwords like Jeremiah’s almond branch and Amos’ basket of fruit, to fantastic visions like Ezekiel’s wheels and living creatures and Zechariah’s flying scroll
Call – The biblical prophets were certain not only that God had spoken to them, but also that they were called to speak God’s message
Character – it is generally accepted that God would only use holy people as his prophets
(really bad King)
o Manasseh drastically reversed the policy of Hezekiah
o Though Judah’s most apostate king, he reigned longer than any of his predecessors 55 years
o Manasseh was as bent upon collaboration with the Assyrians as Hezekiah was upon resisting them, which was accompanied by a reversion to pagan practices
o He sacrificed his own son
o His abominable reign made divine judgment on Judah inevitable; Judah would join Israel in exile—and for the same reason, apostasy
(bad king)
o Followed in his father Manasseh’s footsteps and forsook the Lord
o His officials conspired against him, assassinated him in his palace, and made his son Josiah king
(good king)
o Josiah sponsored a major temple renovation to under Manasseh’s damage, and he discovered the Book of the Law
o Josiah renewed the covenant
o Good king Josiah was the first to suffer the judgment which Judah deserved when he went up against the Egyptians (Pharaoh Neco) and was killed in action at Megiddo
o He did not live to see judgment fall on Jerusalem, but his demise was certainly a harbinger of it.
(bad king), Josiah’s oldest son, ruled just three months
Egyptain Pharoah who killed Josiah.
of Babylon, set up different puppet kings in judah. then took all gold from temple and burnt the city.
Harlotry Cycle
In Jeremiah The “harlotry cycle” indicts Judah as a spiritual whore who has abandoned her faithful husband, Yahweh
Foe Cycle
In Jeremiah The “foe cycle” details the doom of Zion, the great city of God, by invaders from the north
Temple Sermon
In the “Temple Sermon,” Jeremiah predicts the destruction of the temple and the exile of Judah
Confessions of Jeremiah
The “Confessions of Jeremiah” consist of psalmlike complaints in which Jeremiah prays for divine deliverance from suffering.
The Book of Comfort
involves Jeremiah’s message of restoration
Jeremiah had so much confidence in the future of Judah, he purchased a field at Anathoth
After the Exile, Yahweh would make a new covenant with Israel which is written on their heart
The New Covenant aims to meet he specific needs that made it necessary: 1)It is more personal than the martial contract which Israel so flagrantly violated, 2)it is written on the hearts of the people, the seedbed of their iniquity, not on stone tablets, 3)it results in the true knowledge of God—the New Torah of full evidence and rich fellowship without need of human teaching, and 4)it carries full forgiveness of the sins that have earned judgment
Jeremiah prophesies that Jehoiakim son of Josiah will have the burial of a donkey—dragged away and thrown outside the gates of Jerusalem.
Jeremiah announced a 70-year exile when they would serve the king of Babylon.
Jeremiah was the son of Hilkiah, a priest; his line possibly ran back to Moses and Aaron through Eli
Jeremiah’s singleness symbolized the barrenness of a land under judgment
the vision of the two baskets of figs
, the good figs are the exiles of Judah whom God will bring back to their land, and the poor figs are Zedekiah king of Judah, his officials, and the survivors from Jerusalem
False prophet who opposed Jeremiah.
Elijah told men to put some salt in a bowl of water, then the water of the city was forever cleansed.
Corvee - name of the slave labor force used by Solomon; Jeroboam was the head of a corvee; Rehoboam's new corvee who was stoned to death was Adoram
Naboth's land was “nahalah,” which is a family plot of land not supposed to be sold off
Battle of Qurqar
Battle of Qarqar - Ahab fought with Syria against Assyria there
Hosea was the only northern writing prophet except for Jeremiah after the fall

Hosea had a very negative view of kingship
king of Syria
Pekah: son of the King of Israel who, together with Rezin, fought against Ahaz (Judah) in the Syro-Ephraimite War
Tiglath-pileser III
Tiglath-Pileser III: Assyrian king; captured Damascus (Syria) and made Israel pay tribute to him, which made Israel poor
Sargon: King of Assyria that destroys Israel in 722/1
Sennacherib: King of Assyria, invades and captures 46 cities of Judah; Jerusalem saved though by an “angel of the Lord” (bubonic plague and rats also)
Huldah: female prophet; Josiah asked her opinion when book of the law was found; she said that the kingdom would fall, but not in Josiah's time
Nubuchadnezzer: King of Babylon who destroyed Judah
Gedaliah: Governor of Judah after the Second Deportation & after Jerusalem is destroyed in 587
The significance of Jeremiah coming from Anathoth
Northern tradition of conditional kingship was an element of Jeremiah's preaching and ministry; Jeremiah might have come from the line of Abiathar