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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
4 things the Bible is about
1) nature of God
2) nature of people
3) relationship /b/ people and people
4) relationship /b/ people and God
5 things Neanderthal graves tell us about myths
1) myths rooted in experience of death and fear of extinction
2) myths accompanied by ritual (IE: animal bones from sacrifices)
3) myths about the unknown (IE: burial)
4) myths teach us how to act in this world and the next (IE: 1st creation story)
5) speak of another place alongside our own (IE: graves= transition /b/ our world and the other world)
characteristics of God in the beginning of Old Testament
-creates
-regrets creation
-disciplinary
-compassionate/merciful
-arbitrary/cruel
-whimsical
-patriarch
3 ?s myths answer
1) where are we from?
2) where are we going?
3) how does one describe a deep emotion/sublime moment?
heroic quest
1) call
2) initiation
3) return
chronology of peoples/eras
1) PALEOLITHIC AGE
2) NEOLITHIC AGE: 8000-4000
3) AXIAL AGE: 4000-1000+
6 characteristics of Hebrew mindset
1) SIMPLE, DIRECT, HONEST: written like a 4th grader to get point across
2) ALOOF: need to protect and preserve themselves in order to preserve their personal lineage (identity)
3) TENACIOUS: historically held land God gave them for 120 yrs. w/o foreigners, never lost sense of ownership over Israel
3) PARADOX: many double meanings (2 opposites are actually true!) IE: "in order to gain your life you must lose your life," OR "the 1st shall be last and the last shall be 1st"
5) TIMELESSNESS: don't see things in the span of an individual life, see GENERATIONS
6) COMMUNITY vs. INDIVIDUAL: well-being of community more important than individuality, harmful individuals expelled
5 principles of interpretation (think: all your classes)
1) LIMITATION: Bible contains truth but not all truth
2) RELIGION vs. SCIENCE: Bible not intended as scientific document, religion and science don't correspond
3) HISTORICAL: must put Bible in historical context in order to interpret it correctly (HERMENEUTICS!), what lessons can we glean from what it taught during ITS time
4) LITERARY: Bible= faith literature (poems *psalms*, instructions *Levitacus*, fable/myth, narrative, historical narrative)
6) SHELF PRINCIPLE: put what you know (predispositions) on a shelf
Grape/Welhausen Hypothesis
1) J-WRITERS: refer to god as Yahweh ("I am" w/o tenses), during 6th century (Babylonian Exile)
2) E-WRITERS: refers to God as Elohim (plural, but used to represent monotheistic idea), 1.000 BC, 2nd creation story
3) P-WRITERS: priests, Babylonian Captivity (more optimistic), mirrors Gilgimesh and Enumah Elish, edited and wove J and E documents, 1st creation story
4) D-WRITERS: deuteronomic historians, 8th century, Deuteronomy, some of I&II Kings, I&II Samuel and Chronicles
cosmology
study of heavens
Bell's Theorum
2 subatomic particles in the universe working together
creation days
day 1: LIGHT
day 2: LAND
day 3: VEGITATION
day 4: SUN, MOON and STARS
day 5: WATER CREATURES and BIRDS
day 6: PEOPLE
day 7: RESTED
Hebrew cosmology
-UPPER HEAVENS (God's place)
-WATERS of HEAVEN
-FIRMAMENT of HEAVEN
-EARTH
-SHEOL
-"P.O.T.E." (pillars of the Earth)
license
the ability to do whatever you want whenever you want
freedom
cannot exist without being limited or bound
sinfulness
alienation from:
-God
-nature
-neighbors
-self
courtroom scenario
1) interrogation
2) judgement
3) discipline
4) mercy
3 stages of sin's growth
1) REBELLION: Adam and Eve
2) VIOLENCE: Cain and Abel
3) VENGENCE: Lamech
Hebrew numerology
3: God's #
4: # of the cosmos
3+4=7: # of days it took to create
3x4=12: tribes of Israel
multiples of 10: HUGE #
4x10=40: number of days in ark, number of days in whale's belly, number of years in desert...