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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
conjunctiva
membrane lining eyelids
cyanosis
blue-gray skin from reduced blood oxygen
diaphoretic
profuse sweating
hyper/hypotension
high/low BP
stridor
harsh inspiratory sound w/ upper airway obstruction
tachycardia
HR > 100 BPM
bradycardia
HR < 60 BPM
hypoxic drive
oxygen sensors that modulate respiration; less sensitive than CO2 sensors in brain stem
agonal respiration
gasping, inadequate breaths--should follow CPR protocol
epiglottis
prevents food/liquid from entering trachea
priapism
continual erection due to spinal injury
hypoxia
body tissue lacks oxygen b/c of inadequate breathing; increased HR
pulmonary edema
fluid accumulation in lungs; oxygen transfer to blood less efficient
retractions
skin pulling around ribs on inhalation
apnea
lack of spontaneous breathing
contusion/ecchymosis
bruising
epistaxis
nosebleed
hematoma
blood in soft tissue
hematemesis
blood in vomit
hemophilia
lack of blood clotting factors
edema
fluid between cells, causing swelling
dyspnea
difficulty breathing
aneurysm
swelling of a portion of artery, causing weakening of arterial wall
syncope
fainting
emphysema
loss of elasticity around air spaces. can cause spontaneous pneumothorax
pulmonary embolism
blood clot from lower body lodges in pulmonary artery--no gas exchange in areas of blocked blood flow
hypoxia
tissues receive inadequate oxygen
COPD
dilation of alveoli because of chromic bronchial obstruction
ischemia
insufficient oxygen causes chest pain
emesis
vomiting
asystole
cessation of heart contractions
atherosclerosis
plaque in arterial walls narrows lumen--> MI or cardic arrest
thrombosis
clotting of cerebral arteries
dysarthria
slurred speech, often associated with right hemisphere stroke
gastric distention
stomach inflates with air
pneumothorax
pleural space fills with air, pressure can collapse lung
chest compliance
chest's ability to expand on inhalation
cardiac arrest
no pulse--begin CPR
subcutaneous emphysema
air around thorax
comminuted fracture
bone broken into many pieces