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55 Cards in this Set

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Indo-Aryans
1750 b.c. crossed Hindu Kush mountains from north of black and caspian sea
citadel
strong central fortress built on a brick platform
raja
chief that governed states or territories
Vedas
Indo-Aryan works of religious literature
sanskrit
Indo-Aryan language
vedic age
1500 b.c. to 1000 b.c.
Brahmins
special priests that knew proper rules and forms of religion
epics
long poems based on historical or religious themes
varnas
4 social classes in indian society
monism
all things are of the essence of God
maya
illusion of the senses according to hinduism
Chandragupta Maurya
established Mauryan empire
Asoka
Chandraguptas grandson converted to buddhism was peaceful and just
Chandra Gupta II
ruled gupta empire and society prospered
suttee
wives commiting society on their husbands burning funeral pyres
Panchatantra
5 books fables from the gupta period
Nalanda
buddhist university in ganges valley center of learning in gupta period
aryabhata
mathematician born A.D. 400
3 regions of India
1.Indo-Gangetic plain
2.Deccan Plateau
3. Mountains
Mohenjo Daro
early Indian civilization large and carefully planned
stong fortress/citadel
upanishads
written explanations of the vedic religion
Siddhartha Gautama
Buddha, "enlightened one", was a prince then went in search of suffering, found nirvana and became enlightened
Bhagavad-Gita
Most famous of Hindu scriptures
loess
fertile yellow soil of the huang he river valley
bureacracy
government organized into different levels and tasks
animism
the beleif that spirits inhabit everything
Zia
a line of kngs established by Yu ruled in 2200 b.c.
Shang
first dynasty, swept in 1750-1500 b.c.
Zhou
second dynasty, confucionism
autocracy
emporer has complete power
civil service
runs day to day business, exams that choose most qualified (han)
leveling
price control (han)
Qin
third dynasty, built great wall, harsh and powerful, started by cheng
Han
last dynasty, started by Liu Bang , ruled by Liu Ch'e
Cheng
ruled Qin Dynasty
Great Wall of China
4000 miles long
Liu Bang
Qin general that overthrew dynasty and started Han
Liu Ch'e
ruled han dynasty for longest, commonly known as "Wu Ti", ruled area larger than roman empire
Yin
force, female dark passive
Yang
Force, male bright active
confucious
great philosopher of zhou dynasty
analects
collection of confucious works
Laozi
founded daoism
Dao De Jing
compilation of Laozi's teachings
Legalism
part of Qin dynasty, harsh rules, peace through punishment
Chang River
Yangtze river, 3,434 mies, could hold seafaring ships
Huang He River
Yellow River, Chinas Sorrow, dikes, sits twelve feet above surrounding lands
Xi River
1200 miles, commercial waterway
North and South China
north-less rain,wheat
south-more rain,rice
Shang Dynasty
lunar calendars,economy based on agriculture,bureacracy,animism,
ideographs
Legalism
power,harsh laws,peace only came through punishment,founded by cheng, used in Qin dynasty
Buddhism
Asoka,eightfold path,charity, compassion, nirvana,4 noble truths
Daoism
indescribable force,people should withdraw from world,not based on wealth
Confucionism
importance of family,respect for elders and ancestors,wished to bring peace
oracle bones
bones of cattle or tortoise shells, used to ask question to ancestors