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23 Cards in this Set

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List the types of hydrogenous deposits and where they form
1. Manganese nodules-Abyssal Plain 2. Phosphates-Continental shelf 3.Oolites shallow shelf low latitude regions 4.Metal sulfides-hydrothermal vents at mid-ocean ridge 5. Evaportrites- shallow restricted basins
a deposit formed of small spheres usually composed of concentric layers of calcite
relict sediment
a sediment deposited under a set of environmental conditions that still remains unchanged.
a dome shaped calcium carbonate sedimentary structure
a sediment ofrock formed by sediment deposited by turbidity currents
graded bedding
stratification in which each layer displays a decrease in grain size from bottom to top.
unit of energy required to raise the temp of 1 g of water 1 degree
heat capacity
the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of a substance 1 degree
residence Time
the average length of time a particle of any substance spends in the ocean.
internal friction
latent heat of melting and vaporization
latent heat of melting is the heat enegy that must be added to 1 gram of a substance at its melting point to convert to a liquid. Latent heat of vaporization is added at its boiling point to convert it to vapor. 80 degrees and 540 degrees
Surface tension
tendency for the surface of a liquid to contract due to intermolecular bond attraction
water that clings to surfaces of many substances
water molecules that cling together.
Hadley cells
0-30 degs lat the large atmospheric circulation cell that occurs between the Equator and 30 deg lat in each hemisphere
Ferrell Cells
30-60 deg lat The atmospheric circulation pattern within the lower atmosphere between the subtropical high-pressure belt and the relatively low-pressure belt at the polar front.
Polar cells
60-90 degrees lat
a belt of light variable winds within 10 degrees to 15 degrees of the Equator, resulting from the vertical flow of low-density air withing this equatorial belt
Horse latitudes
the latitudes belts between 30 and 35 degrees North and South latitude where winds are light and variable . The climate is hot and dry resulting in the creation of the major continental and maritime desert of the world.
Intertropical Convergence Zone
Where Northeast trade winds converge with southeast trade winds.
a circular flow created by the equatorial, western boundary, eastern boundary and prevailing westerly currents. They move clockwise in the northern hemisphere and counter clockwise in the southern hemisphere.
Kyoto Protocol
An agreement among 60 nations to voluntarily reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
cosmosgenous sediments
sediment derived from extraterrestrial sources like microscopic spherules and macroscopic meteor space dust.