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20 Cards in this Set

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increases seawater salinity
evaporation, high temperature, low latitude, sea ice formation
decreases seawater salinity
precipitation & river input
sublimation
change in phase from solid to gas
condensation
change in phase from gas to liquid
evaporation
change in phase from liquid to gas
pycnocline
rapid change in density with slight change in depth
halocline
rapid change in salinity with slight change in depth
phase in which water exists is determined by
temperature and pressure
hydrogen bonds form between neighboring water molecules because of
polarity of water molecules
the surface tension of water is ______
relatively high
covalent bonds form between hydrogen and oxygen atoms
sharing of electrons between atoms
water can pile up a short distance above a container's rim due to
high surface tension
latent heat is used to
change states of matter
when water evaporates from the ocean surface...
the remaining water is cooled
the heat capacity of water is
higher than other liquids
average salinity of sea water
3.5%
Principle of Constant Proportions
the relative concentrations of seawater ions do not change
the ion in seawater that serves as a buffer is ...
HCO3-
the transfer of water from the atmosphere to the oceans to the continents is...
hydrologic cycle
thermocline
rapid change in ocean temperature with slight change in depth