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53 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Distinguished arterial and venal blood
Galen
Number of times heart beats in a day
100,000
Gallons of blood pumped every day
2000
Times heart pumps in a lifetime
3.5 billion
Covering on the heart
Pericardium
Middle layer of heart
myocardium
Endocardium
Inner layer of heart
Muscular wall that separates the heart into two halves
Septum
Coronary arterial system
Heart's vascular system that delivers blood to the heart
Body's largest artery
Aorta
Exceptions to double circulation
Portal circulation
Lymphatic system
Time fetal heart has formed by
8 weeks
Ostium primum
Opening in the septum at birth that allows blood to flow through
Sinoatrial node
Heart's pacemaker
Structure of arteries and veins
Three-layered wall, outer wall consists of connective tissue
Blood's extracellular matrix
Plasma
Main component of plasma
water (90%)
Function of plasma
Maintenance of proper osmotic pressure and viscosity of blood
Erythrocytes
Red blood cells
Leukocytes
White blood cells
Myocardial infarction
Heart attack
Leading cause of death in the United States
Coronary heart disease
Dramatically reduced blood flow
Arteriosclerosis
Artificial blood product developed by Alliance Pharmaceutical
Oxygent
Time period needed for infant lungs to inflate to full size
2 weeks
External parts of respiratory system
Nose, mouth
Another name for the throat
Pharynx
Voice box
Larynx
Components of pharynx (3)
Nasopharynx, oropharynx, laryngopharynx
Windpipe
Trachea
Entry point of bronchi on the lungs
Hilus
Pleura
Double-layered lining that protects and covers the lungs
Phases of external respiration
Inspiration, expiration
Tidal volume
Amount of air inhaled and exhaled during normal resting breathing, approx. 500 mL
Inspiratory reserve volume
Amount of air that can be inhaled, approx. 3000 mL
Expiratory reserve volume
Amount of air that can be exhaled, approx. 1000 mL
Tidal Volume + Inspiratory Reserve Volume + Expiratory Reserve Volume
Vital capacity, measure of fitness
Number of Americans suffering from asthma
20 million
Risk factors for asthma
second-hand cigarette smoke, air pollution, poorly ventilated housing
Single greatest contributor to knowledge of gastric digestion
William Beaumont (American)
Function of the large intestine
Absorb remaining water and excrete digestive waste products
Merocrine glands
contains enzymes that hydrolyze proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, and vitamins
Amount of saliva produced each day
1-2 liters
Peristalsis
wavelike contractions that move food down the esophagus
Number of layers of stomach and function/description
3 layers
1) Outer, longitudinal layer of muscles
2) Middle, circular layer of muscles
3) Submucosa layer, copes with acid
Largest organ in the body
liver
Liver's function
produces bile
Study of diseases affecting the gastrointestinal tract
Gastroenterology
what is GERD
Acid reflux
Structural and functional unit of the kidneys
Nephrons
Amount of filtrate produced by the kidneys every day
200 liters
Common name of urinary calculi
kidney stones
Process of artificially extracting toxins from the blood
Hemodialysis