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87 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
gamete
mature germ cell, either sperm or ovum
ovulation
expulsion of a mature ovum from an ovary
conception, or fertilization
beginning of prenancy, when the sperm enters the ovum
zygote
cell formed by the union of the sperm and the ovum
embryo
unborn offspring in the stage of development from implantation of the zygote to the end of the second month of pregnancy
fetus
unborn offspring from the beginning of the third month of pregnancy until birth
gestation, pregnancy
development of a new individual from conception to birth
gestation period
duration of pregnancy
implantation, nidation
embedding of the zygote in the uterine lining (normally begins about 7 days after fertilization & continues for several days)
placenta, or afterbirth
a structure that grows on the wall of the uterus during pregnancy and allows for nourishment of the unborn child
amniotic, or amnionic, sac (bag of water)
membranous bag that surrounds the fetus before delivery
chorion
outermost layer of the fetal membrane
amnion
innermost layer of the fetal membrane
amniotic fluid
fluid within the amniotic sac, which surrounds the fetus
amnionitis
inflammation of the amnion
chorioamnionitis
inflammation of the chorion and amnion
choriocarcinoma
cancerous tumor of the chorion
dystocia
difficult labor
embryotocia
birth of an embryo (abortion)
hysterorrhexis
rupture of the uterus
oligohydramnios
scanty amnion water (less than the normal amount of amniotic fluid (500 ml or less)
polyhydramnios
much amnion water (more than normal amount of amniotic fluid, 2000 ml or more) (hydramnios)
salpingocyesis
pregnancy occurring in the fallopian tube (ectopic pregnancy)
abortion
termination of pregnancy by the expulsion from the uterus of an embryo before fetal viability, usually before 20 weeks of gestation
abruptio placentae
premature separation of the placenta from the uterine wall
eclampsia
severe complication and progression of preeclampsia characterized by convulsion & coma. It is a potentially life-threatening disorder
ectopic pregnancy
pregnancy occurring joutside the uterus, commonly in the fallopian tubes
placenta previa
abnormally low implantation of the placenta on the uterine wall.
preeclampsia
abnormal condition encountered during pregnancy or shortly after delivery characterized by high bld pressure, edema & proteinuria, but w/no convulsions or coma.
microcephalus
(fetus w/a very) small head
omphalitis
inflammation of the umbilicus
omphalocele
herniation at the umbilicus (a part of the intestine protrudes thr the abdominal wall at birth)
pyloric stenosis
narrowing pertaining to the pyloric sphincter
tracheoesophageal fistula
abnormal passageway pertaining to the esophagus and the trachea
cleft lip and palate
congenital split of the lip and roof of the mouth (indicates a fissure)
Down syndrome
congenital condition characterized by varying degrees of mental retardation multiple defects
erythroblastosis fetalis
condition of the newborn characterized by hemolysis of the erythrocytes.
esophageal atresia
congenital absence ofpart of the esophagus. Food cannot pass from the baby's mouth to the stomach
gastroschisis
a congenital fissure of the abdominal wall not at the umbilicus. Enterocele, is usually present
respiratory distress syndrome
a respiratory complication in the newborn, especially in premature infants
spina bifida (divided spine)
congenital defect in the vertebral column caused by the failure of the vertebral arch to close.
amniotomy
incision into the amnion (rupture of the fetal membrane to induce labor)
episiotomy
incision of the vulva (perineum),usually performed during delivery to prevent tearing of the perineum (perineotomy)
pelvic sonography
pertaining to the pelvis, process of recording sound - to evaluate the fetus & pregnancy
amniocentesis
surgical puncture to aspirate amniotic fluid - the fluid is used for the assessment of fetal health and maturity to aid in diagnosing fetal abnormalities
amnioscope
instrument used for visual examination of the amniotic fluid (& the fetus)
amnioscopy
visual examination of amniotic fluid (and the fetus)
amniochorial
pertaining to the amnion and chorion
amniorrhea
discharge (escape) of amniotic fluid
amniorrhexis
rupture of the amnion
antepartum
before childbirth (reference to the mother)
embryogenic
producing an embryo
embryoid
resembling an embryo
fetal
pertaining to the fetus
gravida
pregnant (woman)
gravidopuerperal
pertaining to pregnancy and the childhood (from delivery until reproductive organs return to normal)
intrapartum
within (during) labor and childbirth
lactic
pertaining to milk
lactogenic
producing milk (by stimulation)
lactorrhea
(spontaneous) discharge of milk
multigravida
many pregnancies (a woman who has been pregnant two or more times)
multipara (multip)
many births (a woman who has been pregnant two or more times)
natal
pertaining to birth
neonate
new birth (an infant from birth to 4 weeks of age)
neonatologist
physician who studies and treats disorders of the newborn
neonatology
study of the newborn (branch of medicine that deals w/diagnosis and tx of disorders in newborns)
nulligravida
no pregnancies (a woman who has never been pregnant)
nullipara
no births ( a woman who has not given birth to a viable offspring)
para
birth (a woman who has given birth to a viable offspring)
postnatal
pertaining to after birth (reference to the newborn)
postpartum
after childbirth (reference to the mother)
prenatal
pertaining to before birth (reference to the newborn)
primigravida
first pregnancy (a woman in her first pregnancy)
primipara
first birth ( a woman who has given birth to one viable offspring)
pseudocyesis
false pregnancy
puerpera
childbirth ( a woman who has just given birth)
puerperal
pertaining to (immediately after)childbirth
breech presentation
parturitioin (actof giving birth) in which the buttocks, feet, or knees emerge first
cesarean section
the birth of a baby through an incision in the mother's abdomen & uterus (caesarean)
congenital anomaly
abnormality present at birth
lochia
vaginal discharge after childbirth
meconium
first stool of the newborn
obstetrician
physician who specializes in obstetrics
obstetrics (OB)
medical specialty dealing w/pregnancy, childbirth, and puerperium
parturition
actof giving birth
premature infant
infant born before completing 37 weeks of gestation
puerperium
period from delivery until the reproductive organs return to normal