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44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Ectopic Pregnancy
implantation of the fertilized ovum outside the uterine cavtiy; common sites are the abdomen, fallopian tubes, and ovaries.
Hydatidiform Mole
degenerative process in chorionic villi, giving rise to multiple cysts and rapid growth of the uterus, with hemmorhage.
Incompetent cervix
the premature dilation of the cervix, usually in the second trimester of pregnancy.
encircling the cervix at the level of the internal os with suture material.
Hyperemesis gravidarium
excesive vomiting during pregnancy, leading to dehydration and starvation.
PIH (pregnancy induced hypertension)
a hypertensive disorder including preeclampsia and eclampsia and conditions characterized by the three cardinal signs of hypertension, edema, and protienuria.
HELLP syndrome
a cluster of changes including Hemolysis, Elavated Liver enzymes, and low Platelet counts; sometimes associated with severe eclampsia.
Gestational Diabetes
a form of diabetes of variable severity with onset or first recognition during pregnancy
Placenta previa
abnormal implantation of the placenta in the lower uterine segment. Classification of type is based on proximity to the cervical os.
Total placenta previa
completely covers the os
Partial placenta previa
covers a portion of the os
Marginal placenta previa
is in close proximity to the os
Abruptio placenta
partial or total premature seperation of normally implanted placenta
Removal of the amniotic fluid by insertion of a needle into the amniotic sac; amniotic fluid is used to assess fetal health or maturity.
Hypertonic labor
contractions are frequent, but ineffective in dilating and effacing the cervix
Hypotonic labor
fewer than 2-3 contractions in a ten minute period
Precipitous labor
labor lasting less than 3 hours
Prolonged labor
labor lasting more than 24 hours
CPD (Cephalopelvic Disproportion)
a condition in which the fetal head is of such a size or shape or in such a position that it cannot pass through the maternal pelvis.
an abnormal postion of the fetus in the birt canal
a presentation of the fetus into the birth cancal that is nto normal. Brow, face, shoulder, or breech presentation.
an excess of amniotic fluid, leading to overextension of the uterus. Frequently seen in diabetic pregnant women, even if there is no coexisitng fetal abnormailty. AKA polyhydraminos
decreased amount of amniotic fluid, which may indicate fetal urinary tract defect.
Amniotic fluid embolism (AFE)
amniotic fluid that has leaked into the chorionic plate and entered the maternal circulation
turning of the fetus in utero
the artificial rupturing of the amniotic membrane
the process of causing or initiating labor by use of meds or surgical rupture of membranes.
Bishop score
a prelabor scoring system to assist in predicting whether an induction of labor may be sucessful. Five components:cervical dilation, cwevical effacment, cervical consistency, cervical position, and fetal station. Each of the components is assigned a score of 0 to 3, highest score is a 13.
birth of the fetus by means of an incision into the abdominal wall and uterus.
VBAC (vaginal birth after cesarean)
practice of permitting a trial of labor and poss vaginal birth for women following a previous cesarean birth for non reoccouring causes such as fetal distress or placenta previa.
regional anesthesia effective through the first and second stages of labor
injection of local anesthetic agent directly into the spinal fluid into the spinal canal to provide anesthesia for vaginal and cesarean births
injection of an anesthetizing agent at the pudendal nerve to produce numbness of the external genitals and the lower one third of the vagina, to facilitate childbirth and permit episiotomy repair if necessary
inflammation of a vein wall, resulting in thrombus
non inflammatory venous thrombosis (clot is more loosley attached and risk for embolism inc)
inflammation of the breat
infection of the endometrium
Rh factor
antigens present on the surface of blood cells incompatible with blood cells that do not have the antigen
Erythroblastosis fetalis
hemolytic disease of the newborn characterized by anemia, jaundice, enlargement of the liver and spleen, and generalized edema. Cause by isoimmunization due to Rh incompatability or ABO incompatability
Hydrops Fetalis
marked fetal edema resulting from anemia from maternal sensitization (No RhoGAM)
excessive amount of bilirubin in the blood; indicative of hemolytic process due to blood incompatability, intrauterine infection, septicemia, neonatal renal infection, and other disorders.
SGA (small for gestational age)
inadequate weight or growth for gest age; birth weight below the 10th percentile
LGA (Large for gestational age)
excessive growth of a fetus in relation to the gest time period.
Paracervical block
a local anesthetic agent injected transvaginally adjacent to the outer rim of the cervix.