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14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
McClelland achievement-power theory
-Need for Achievement:extend of success importance, desire to move up, concientiousness
-Need for Power:desire to have impact and influence, control, personal power
-Need for Affiliation:desire to get along with others, prefers to avoid confrontation
Maslow's hierarchy of needs
Assumes that people act to satify their needs and resolve tension.

Self Actualization
Examples of need in Bob Knowlton case:
Control, belonging (affiliation), esteem, recognition
Job Characteristics theory of motivation
This describes the needs, nature, and characteristics of the job.
-Skill Variety
-Task Identity
-Task significance
Job characteristics > psychological states > outcomes
Observations of Alligator River story
-Influence of thought (avoid feeling as the outcast)
-Definition discrepencies
ERG theory
-Existence:physiological and safety
-Relatedness needs:interpersonal, love, belonging
-Growth needs:need to confirm self-esteem and self-actualization
Trait approach to leadership
Certain people are born with leadership qualities and only great leaders posses them. Traits: intelligence, self-confidence, determination, integrity, sociability
Behavioral approach to leadership
Activities performed that display leadership. Actions of leaders towards subordinates in a variety of scenarios/contexts
Process approach to leadership
The process in which relationships between leaders and followers are formed
Ohio State studies on leadership
Initiating structure:task behaviors, organizing work, giving structure to work context, defining responsibilities
Consideration: building camaraderie, respect, trust, and liking between leaders and followers
University of Michigan studies on leadership
Two types of leadership behaviors:
-Employee orientation:a strong human relations emphasis, an interest in workers as human beings, attention to individual needs
-Production orientation:stresses the technical and production aspects of a job, workers are viewed as a means of getting work accomplished
Leadership as a process
an influence process that includes:
-Evaluating situation and people
-Formulating task objectives/strategies
-Influencing beliefs,abilities,competencies of people
-Shaping the culture of the organization
What is power
The potential of an individual (or group) to have influence over another person or group.
-Positional power:formal authority, relevance, centrality, autonomy, visibility
-Personal power:expertise, track record, attractiveness
Advantages of process approach
-Description of which are the great traits is not universal
-Behavior approach is limited in its consideration of follower & situation
-Contingency approach has some merity, but still relies on leader orientation
-Current research supports the generalizability of transformational & charismatic approach