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48 Cards in this Set

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What is the chemical formula for glucose?
C6H12O6
HOW DO YOU MAKE:
MALTOSE
SUCROSE
LACTOSE
GLUCOSE AND GLUCOSE
FRUCTOSE AND GLUCOSE
GALACTOSE AND GLUCOSE
WHAT IS COMMON AND DIFFERENT ABOUT THE MONOSACCHARIDE ATOMS?
SAME FORMULAS- DIFFERENT ARRANGEMENTS
WHAT STIMULATES THE TASTE BUDS IN SUGAR ATOMS?
THEIR ARRANGEMENTS
HOW CAN ONE MAKE AND BREAK A DISSACHARIDE?
CONDENSATION-MAKE
HYDROLYSIS-BREAK
WHAT OCCURS DURING CONDENSATION?
1.OH GROUP FROM ONE MONOSACH AND A H ATOM FROM THE OTHER COMBINE WITH A SINGLE O TO MAKE A DISACCHARIDE.
WHAT OCCURS DURING HYDROLYSIS?
1.MOLECULE OF WATER SPLITS INTO ITS H AND OH PARTS.
WHEN IS MALTOSE PRODUCED? (2)
1. WHEN STARCH BREAKS DOWN
2. FERMENTATION
WHAT DISACCHARIDE IS USED FOR TABLE SUGAR?
SUCROSE
WHAT ARE GLYCOGEN AND STARCH BUILT OF?
GLUCOSE UNITS
WHAT IS FIBER COMPOSED OF? 2
MONOSACCHARIDES AND CARB DERIVATIVES
WHAT DOES THE STORAGE OF GLUCOSE AS GLYCOGEN ALLOW FOR?
RAPID HYDROLYSIS- CELLS ATTACK THE MANY BRANCHES OF GLYCOGEN TO GET GLUCOSE QUICK
WHAT IS THE RICHEST FOOD SOURCE OF STARCH?
GRAINS
WHY CAN FIBERS NOT BE DIGESTED?
ENZYMES CANNOT BREAK APART THEIR BONDS BETWEEN THEIR MONOSACCHARIDES
WHAT IS FIBER ALSO KNOWN AS?
NONSTARCH POLYSACCHARIDE
GIVE FIVE EXAMPLES OF NONSTARCH POLYSACCARIDES.
CELLULOSE,
HEMICELLULOSE,
PECTIN,
GUM,
MUCILAGES
NAME THREE FIBER POLYSACCARIDES.
LIGNIN,
CUTINS,
TANNINS
WHERE CAN CELLULOSE BE FOUND IN FOOD?
VEG,FRUIT,LEGUME,=
WHERE CAN HEMICELLULOSES BE FOUND IN FOOD?
CEREAL FIBERS
WHERE CAN PECTINS BE FOUND?
CITRUS FRUIT, APPLE,GELS
WHERE CAN GUMS BE FOUND IN FOOD?
THICKENING ADDITIVES
WHERE CAN MUCILAGES BE FOUND IN FOOD?
FOOD STABILIZERS
WHERE CAN LIGNINS BE FOUND IN FOOD?
CARROTS, STRAWBERRY SEEDS
WHAT ARE THE STARCHES CLASSIFIED AS FIBERS?
RESISTANT STARCHES
WHERE CAN RESISTANT STARCHES BE FOUND?
BANANAS,LEGUMES,RAW POTATO,
GIVE 3 EXAMPLES OF INSOLUBLE FIBERS.
CELLULOSE,HEMICELLULOSES,LIGNINS
GIVE FOUR EXAMPLES OF SOLUBLE FIBERS.
MUCILAGES,GUMS,PECTINS,HEMICELLULOSES
WHAT ARE THE 5 FUNCTIONS OF SOLUBLE FIBER?
1.LOWERS BLOOD CHOLESTEROL
2.SLOWS GLUCOSE ABSORPTION
3.SLOWS FOOD TRANSPORT IN LARGE INTESTINE
4.HOLDS MOISTURE
5.PARTLY FERMENTABLE
NAME 5 FUNCTIONS OF INSOLUBLE FIBER?
1. SOFTENS STOOL
2.REGULATES BOWEL MOVEMENTS
3.SPEEDS UP FOOD TRANSIT THROUGH INTESTINES
4.INCREASES FECAL WEIGHT
5.REDUCES RISK OF COLON CANCER
HOW DO SOLUBLE FIBERS LOWER BLOOD CHOLESTEROL?
BIND UP CHOLESTEROL AND EXCRETE IT
WHAT PERCENTAGE OF SUGARS DO WE NEED A DAY?
10% OF TOTAL CALORIES
WHAT PERCENTAGE OF TOTAL CALORIES DO WE NEED FROM COMPLEX STARCHES DAILY?
40-65%
HOW MANY GRAMS OF FIBER DO WE NEED A DAY?
25-35 GRAMS
HOW MANY GRAMS OF FIBER DO WE NEED PER 1000 CALORIES?
14 GRAMS
WHAT IS A COMPOUND THAT IS OFTEN FOUND WITH FIBER?
PHYTIC ACID
WHAT HAPPENS DURING A LACTOSE INTOLERANE?
*MORE LACTOSE CONSUMED THAN LACTASE CAN HANDLE
-BLOATING,DISCOMFORT,DIAHRREA
*BACTERIA GAS AND ACID
WHAT ARE THE 6 CAUSES OF LACTOSE INTOLERANCY?
AGE,VILLI DAMAGE,MEDS,PROLONGED DIARRHEA,MALNUTRITION
What stores glucose and releases it into the blood stream as needed?
liver
What is the conversion of protein to glucose?
glucogenesis
What is the action of a carb and fat in providing energy that allows for protein to be used for other purposes?
protein-sparing action
What is the product of the incomplete breakdown of fat when glucose is not available to cells?
ketone bodies
When is insulin released?
during an increase of blood glucose concentration
What is released due to low blood glucose concentration?
glucagon
What is the hormone that modulates strees response?
epinephrine
What is a disorder of carb metabolism that results from inadequate or ineffective insulin?
diabetes
What is tbe type of diabetes where the person does not produce insulin at all?
type 1 diabetes
What is the type of diabetes that in which the fat cells resist insulin?
type 2 diabetes
What is an abnormal low blood glucose concentration?
hypoglycemia