Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/28

Click to flip

28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
All chemical & energy transformations take place in the body is called?
Metabolism
Synthesis metabolism is?
Anabolism
Break down metabolism is called this?
Catabolism
The large quantities of substances needed in the body are?
Macronutrients
50-55% of our total calories is called the body's?
Principal fuel
Examples of Principal Fuels
Polysaccharides
Disaccharides
Monosaccharides
This is the absorptive state
is aka glucose to glycogen
Glycogenesis
2 processes in the postabsorptive state
glycogenolysis &
gluconeogenesis
This is the breakdown postabsorptive state aka
glycogen to glucose
Glycogenolysis
This postabsorptive state is aka amino acids or glycerols to glucose.
Gluconeogenesis
These carbs are absorbed into the blood as?
Monosaccharides (glucose, fructose, galactose)
The four major fuels for cell respiration.
1. Glycolysis
2. Kreb's citric acid cycle
3. Electron transport system
4. Aerobic vs. anaerobic
These are a secondary source of fuel that is composed of cell membranes & steroids. Provides insulation, aids nerve transmission, 30-40% of total calories.
Lipids
These lipids are glycerol + fatty acids and are saturated fats & cholesterol, unsaturated & polyunsaturated fats
Triglycerides
These are the basic building block of cells, makes enzymes, helps maintain water balance, forms hemoglobin & hormones, 15% of caloric intake.
Proteins
Our bodies require how many essential amino acids in our diet daily?
20
There are 8 amino acids that our body cannot make. Name them?
1. Isoleucine
2. Lysine
3. Phenylalanine
4. Tryptophan
5. Leucine
6. Methionine
7. Threonine
8. Valine
This disorder occurs when there is inadequate protein in the diet. Prevelant in 3rd world countries. Swollen/distended belly.
Kwashiorkor
These nutrients are needed in small amounts in the body and are comprised of minerals & vitamins.
Micronutrients
Minerals are aka this which maintain fluid balance, activate metabolic reactions, help enzyme functioning. Essential components of important body chemicals.
Inorganic Nutrients
Vitamins are aka this and have many functions as coenzymes. There are fat soluble and water soluble.
Organic Compounds
Too many vitamins in diet, especially A & D which tend to build up tissues, results in hair & skin disorders, fatigue, loss of weight and death.
Hypervitaminosis
Lack of B12 results in?
Pernicious Anemia
Lack of B1 results in?
Beriberi
Fat soluble vitamins.
A, D, E, & K
Water soluble vitamins.
B1, B2, B6, B12, & C
This major metabolic pathway is aka the retrieval stage?
Postabsorptive Phase
This major metabolic pathway is aka storage?
Absorptive Phase