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19 Cards in this Set

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at what age should infants be given cow's milk?
>1 year

Cow's milk has inadequate:
vit E
iron
essential fatty acids

and excessive:
protein
sodium
potassium
Solid foods should not be introduced before this age
4 to 6 months and should be done gradually

it may stimulate food allergies
What are the consequences of giving milk before 1 yr of age?
GI blood loss
Iron def. anemia
>renal solute load
what can happen if you give honey to a baby?
it could be contaminated with Clostridium botulinum bacteria
what liver enzyme converts galactose to glucose.
Transferase
A deficiency in transferase is known as?
galactosemia
PKU consequence
Normal at birth but can suffer seizures, and become mentally retarded between 6 to 18 months.
what should you restrict in a baby with PKU
high protein and starchy foods
T/F Fats should not be limited before age of two years
TRUE
What is Anorexia Nervosa?
An inordinate fear of being fat; drastic reduction in kcal disrupts metabolism
what are the results of anorexia nervosa
Results in:
hair loss
low B/P
weakness
amenorrhea
brain damage
death
binges and purges by inducing vomiting is called?
Bulimia
Lack of absorption of niacin and thiamin prohibiting the cells from using glucose for energy is caused by?
Alcohol consumption
Daily Requirements of:
Protein
Calcium
Vit D
Protein- 0.8g/kg
Calcium- 1000 mg
Vit D- 5ug/day
why should dairy products not be consumed with tetracycline?
because it won't be absorbed
Which antioxidant are not to be taken with anticoagulants because they thin the blood
vitamins C and E
Do vitamin requirements change after age 51?
Vitamin requirements do not change after the age of 51, except for a slight decrease in the RDAs for thiamin, riboflavin, and niacin
T/F Excessive phosphorus consumption can speed bone loss and is a possible cause of osteoporosis in the elderly
TRUE
T/F Kcal requirements diminish after age 25 nutrient requirements do not
TRUE