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49 Cards in this Set

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nutrition
the relationship of the food you eat to your health and well-being
nutrients
chemical substances in foods digestion
proteins
growth and repair of tisssue(nutrient)
complete proteins
animals, poultry, dairy, fish(all amino acids)
incomplete proteins
grains, leafy veggies, seeds and nuts (some amino acids)
carbohydrates
supply energy/energy value (nutrient)
complex-starches-harder to break down
simple-sugars-easily stored in fat
the difference between simple and complex carbohydrates
fat
obligingly plastic; easily stored-molds to our body and protects our internal organs
saturated fat
doesn't melt at room temp.; sources are animal and dairy products, coconut and palm oil
cholesterol
complex, waxlike substance the body needs-the brain and vervous system need it
HDL
the "good" lipoprotein- transports cholesterol out of the bloodstream and to the liver
LDL
the "bad" lipoprotein-helps fatty deposits-keeps fats circulating in the bloodstream
body's use of energy at rest
metabolism
unsaturated fat
lowers LDL-maintains HDL-contians omega 3 and 6
vitamins
helps chemical reactions take place
water soluble vitamins
type of vitamin-(B complex, C)
fat soluble vitamin
type of vitamin-(A, D, E, K)
minerals
regulates body processes
water
60% of our body
calories
a measure of the enregy value of food
how many calories = one pound
3500 calories
appetite
desire to eat
fructose
fruit sugar; a refined sugar
body composition
percentage of fat tissue to lean tissue
fiber
nondigestable part of wheat and is important in providing bulk to move food through digestive tract
weight control
attaining as close to your ideal weight and maintaining it
ideal weight
weight best for your height and weight
obese
having a high percent of body fat (20% or higher)
bulimia
eating disorder in which a person binges and purges
anorexia
an eating disorder in which the person starves themselves
BMI
a way to determine if a person is obese using their hieght and weight
mesomorph
body type that is low fat and highly muscular
ectomorph
a body type that is thin and small skeleton
endomorph
a body type that has round, soft muscles
essential nutrients
nutrients your body needs but can't make; must get from food
skin fold, hydrostatic weighing, electronic analysis
ways to determine body fat percentage
to replace glucose burned by the brain and body during sleep
why is it important to eat breakfast
muscular strength, muscular endurance, body composition, flexibility, cardiovascular endurance
what are 3 of 5 components of fitness we talked about
BMI and weight charts
how do you find your ideal weight
overweight-10-15% over ideal weight
obese-20% or higher over ideal weight
what is the difference between being obese and being overweight
60-65%
what % of your calories should come from carbohydrates
less than 30%
what % of your calories should be fats
10-15%
what % of your calories should come from proteins
1-2 g
how much sodium is recommended per day
isometric
contraction, no movement
isotonic
contraction causing movement
isokinetic
exercise in which weight or resistance is moved through an entire range of motion
aerobic exercise
a form of exercise that requires a continuous intake of oxygen over a continuous period of time
anaerobic exercise
short bursts of exercise that don't require a continuous use of oxygen