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34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
how many essiental and nonessential amino acids?
9 essential
11 nonessential
proteins contain wich 4 elements?
C
H
O
N
how effiecient is the small intestine in absorption?
95% or nutrients are absorbed
what is segmentation
contraction of circular muscles cause back and forth mixing
what is peristalsis
wavelike muscular contractions pushing foodalong digestive tract
what is food mixed with saliva?
bolus
what are the psychosocial contols of hunger?
appetite, pleasure, habits, disease & medication, emotions
What is satiation?
feelings during meal that tell us to stop eating
satiety?
supress hunger so we don't eat again too soon
3 leading causes of death?
heart disease, cancer, stroke
water: how much is intracellular?
2/3
water: how much is extracellular?
1/3
how much of men is water?
62%
how much of women is water?
59%
what is the average protein intake for females and males?
65 g/day-female
100 g/day-male
lacto-ovo-vegetarian
milk, eggs

lacks iron!
vegan
no foods from animal sources
lactovegetarian
consume milk products
RDA for protein
(.8)x(kg)
lymph
clear fluid, no RBCs, transports vitamins
satiety signals overridden by:
variety, social situations, stress
deamination
remove amino group
NH2 converted into urea
BV
biological value

eggs whites: 100
serving size of protein: fish?
2-3 oz
serving size of protein:
eggs?
2-3
serving size of protein:
peanut butter
peanuts
4 T. PB
1/2 C. peanuts
serving size of protein:
legumes/cooked beans
1.5 C.
serving size of protein:
cottage cheese
1 C.
serving size of protein:
cheese?
2 oz.
serving size of protein:
1/4 C. nuts
1/4 C. serving
portal route
blood route
where is bile produced?
liver
where is bile stored?
gallbladder
what does bile do?
emulsifies fat