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32 Cards in this Set

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What are the two theories of aging?
1. programmed aging
2. wear and tear aging
Explain what programmed aging is
There is limited cell replication and the body can only replicate cells until a certain age.
Explain What wear and tear aging is
The free radicals given exposure to oxygen and cause cells to oxygenate
List the terms on the DETERMINE checklist
Disease
Eating poorly
Tooth loss
Economic hardship
Reduced social contact
Multiple medications
Involuntary weight loss
Needs assistance with self care
Elder years
What ages constitute the "elder years"
Above 80 years old
List the AMDR for elderly
45-65% CHO
30g Fiber
10-35% PRO
20-35% FAT
Name a physical change that occurs in the elderly
Body composition shifts. Lose weight from muscle, but keep body fat, so composition changes.
Define Sarcopenia
Loss of muscle during aging
How much should the elderly decrease their calories by to live a longer life?
About 25%
About how many glasses of water should the average elderly individual have per day?
6 glasses, or 1 mL fluid/kcal consumed (1500mL minimum)
What is the AI for calcium in elderly?
1200 mg
What are the 2 primary types of vitamin B12 deficiency in older adults?
1. Pernicious anemia
2. Food-bound malabsorption of Vit. B12
Define Pernicious anemia
Vitamin B12 deficiency due to lack of intrinsic factor from stomach cell wall
Food-bound malabsorption of B12 is often due to_________.
Hypochlorhydria
Define Stroke
Serious conditions involving reduced cerebral blood flow (brain ischemia)
Define hypertension
>140/90 mg/dL
Percentage of women over 80 who develop CD
79.3%
Percentage of men over 80 who develop CD
85.9%
Percentage of women 60-79 who develop CD
72.6%
Percentage of men 60-79 who develop CD
73.3%
Define Ischemia
Blockage of blood vessel
Define Aneurysm
Ballooning of the blood vessel wall
Define Thrombosis
Blood clot
Define Cerebral Embolism
Wandering blood clot (embolus) lodges in artery & blocks blood flow to brain
Define Carotid Artery Disease
Arteries that supply blood to the brain and neck become damaged
Define Atrial Fibrillation
Degeneration of the heart muscle causing irregular contractions
Define Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIA)
Temporary and insufficient blood supply to the brain
Define Hemorrhage
Blood vessel bursts & part of brain goes w/o oxygen
What does DASH stand for?
Dietary approaches to stop hypertension
What are the 4 C's of Nutrition Education?
1. Commitment
2. Cognitive processing
3. Capability
4. Confidence
What is the current lifespan age range?
110-120 years old
What is the primary diet strategy to prevent cancer?
Eat more fruits and vegetables