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25 Cards in this Set

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Digestion
The process by which body breaks down food, changes it chemically and moves food through the digestive system.
Nutrition
All body processes relating to food, energy, maintenence of health, growth. (DIGESTION, METABOLISM, CIRCULATION, ELIMINATION)
Absorption
Where capillaries pick up digested nutrients
Metabolism
The body's process of using food and nutrients to make energy.
Chemical digestion
food is mixed with digestive juices--broken down
Mechanical digestion
food is broken up (chewing)
Vitamins
organic compounds essential for metabolism, growth, development, and allow the use of energy
Minerals
inorganic elements found in all body tissues-regulate heart, herves, muscles
Proteins
amino acid that builds and renews body tissues and provides heat energy
Carbohydrates
basic source of energy for heat and activites. (starch or sugar)
Bulk
provided by indigestivle cellulose-regular bowel movements
What organ produces bile?
The liver
What is the function of bile?
To break down and digest fat (Emulcify)
What foods give us the most energy?
Carbohydrates (potatoes, breads, pasta)
Where does our body secrete digestive juices?
small intestine, mouth, pancreas, stomach
What is a low-residue diet?
Limits food high in bulk or fiber-raw foods, fruits and vegetables, breads, etc. -reduces the normal work of intestine
What is a high calorie diet used for?
patients with anorexia and hyperthyroidism
What is a low calorie diet used for?
overweight patients or those with arthritis or cardiac conditions
What is a bland diet for?
To soothe gastrointestinal tract, avoid irritation in ulcers or colitis. --easily digested food.
What is a low protein diet for?
Kidney diseases and allergic conditions
What is a diabetic diet?
Patients have "exchange lists"-grouped by content, patient can choose food.
Where does absorption occur?
Capillaries
What is a clear and full liquid diet?
Foods served are liquid at body temperature, carbohydrates and water, juices--after surgery or a heart attack, infections, digestive problems
Where is choesterol manufactured?
The liver
Why would someone need a fat-restricted diet?
For gallbladder and liver disease, obesity, and heart conditions.