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28 Cards in this Set

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_____ is the state of being created by the interaction between nutrition and physical activity.
physical fitness
components of physical fitness
1. cardiorespiratroy fitness
2. musculoskeletal fitness
3. flexibility
4. body composition
amount of US adults that do not do sufficient physical activity
more than half
% of US adults that admit to diong no leisure time physical activity at all
26%
% of high school students that participate in daily physical education
less that 30%
______ meets your personal goals, is fun, includes variety and consistency, approrpiately overloads the body, and includes a warm-up and cool-down period.
sound physical fitness program
_______ is additonal physical demands on the body to improve fitness.
overload principle
The _____ can be used to determine appropriate overload.
FIT Principle
What does FIT Principle stand for?
Frequency
Intensity
Time of Activity
________ includes a warm-up and cool-down period.
sound physical fitness
components of sound physical fitness program
1) stretching and calisthenics (physical exercise routine)
2) helps prevent injuries
3) may reduce muscle soreness
ATP must be generated continuously since muscles store only enough ATP for ____ secs. of activity.
1-3
______ stores some energy that can be used to make ATP.
Creatine phosphate
Creatine phosphate stores enough energy for _____ secs. of maximal physical effort.
3-15
After creatine phosphate, _____ are the next source of energy for the production of ATP.
carbs.
_____ is the primary carb. used to generate ATP.
Glucose
_____ breakdown of glucose yields 2 ATP molecule.
anaerobic
_____ breakdown of glucose yields 36-38 molecules of ATP.
aerobic
______ is a fat that can be metabolized to generate ATP.
triglycerides
When should triglycerides be metabolized to generate ATP?
1) low intensity exercise
2) exercise of long duration
Triglycerides are a very abundant energy source, even in ____ people.
lean
triglycerides (fats) provides __X more energy per gram as carbs.
2
______ are mostly used for high intesity activity, while ____ are used for low intensity exercise.
carbs.
fats
Are proteins (AA) used as a fuel source for exercise?
no
Nutrition for physical activity
% for carbs. fat and protein
carbs.60%
fat 15-25%
protein 12-20%
For ____ you should consume 1.4-1.6 g/kg weight.
endurance
For ___ you should consume 1-1.7 g/kg body weight.
strength
Carb. loading is used to maximize ______.
glucose