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81 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Energy
Energy of food is chemical energy.
Can ber converted to other forms, in the body
Calorie
Food energy is measured in calories
Human genome
99.9% the same in all people.All other variations in us contained in .1%.
Genes
Units of cell inheritance. Contain DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid). Directs the making of proteins
DNA -- (deoxyribonucleic acid)
Directs the making of body's proteins
Malnutrition
Deficiencies or excesses in nutrition
Nutrients
Water, carbohydrate, fats, minerals, vitamins, protein
Nutrition
Study of the nutrients in food and human behaviors related to food
Deaths related to nutrition
4 of 10 leading causes of death related to nutrition. Heart disease, cancers, stroke, diabetes. Others related to alcohol and drug use.
Nutrition related diseases on the rise
Obesity, diabetes, some cancers
Food security
Making sure there is adequate food available for nutritious daily consumption. Poor, elderly
US Dept of Health and Human Services
Sets nutrition standards for the nation, each decade
Energy
Energy in food is chemical energy. Energy that fuels the body comes indirectly from the sun. Food energy measured in calories.
Organic nutrients
Nutrients that contain carbon. Carbohydrates, protein, vitamins, fat
Grams
Unit of measurement used for food,nutrient quantity
Energy yielding nutrients
Three of the organic nutrients provide energy. Fats, protein, carbohydrates. Protein helps form tissues & structures also.
Regulators
Vitamins and minerals. Assist in all body processes
Essential nutrients
These must be ingested. Body cannot make them. Lack of will result in deficiency.(water)
Phytochemicals
Compounds that confer taste, color and other characteristics to food.
Bio active
Food components that interact with metabolic processes
Nutraceutical
Foods, nutrients or supplements claiming to have medicinal effects. Usually unnecessary, unproven
Self effacy
Those who take action and succeed,
Nutrient density
Foods that are rich in nutrients relative to their energy contents.EX
peach/peach pie
Elemental diet
Liquid diet made with a precise chemical composition for people who cannot eat
Negative of prolonged tube feeding
Digestive organs weaken and atrophy.Lack of digestive stimulation can weaken bodies defenses to fight certain illnesses
Digestive tract also releases hormones to the brain and this diminishes
Phytochemicals
Confer color taste and other characteristics to food
Bioactive
Food components that interact with metabolic processes and may effect disease risks ( related to phytochemical)
Whole foods
Basic foods that have been unprocessed, natural or farm foods? Provide base of nutritious diet
Enriched
Foods to which nutrients have been added
Organic foods
Grown without synthetic pesticides or fertilizers
Processed foods
Subjected to any processing, alteration, additives
5characteristics of nutritious diet
1. Balance 2 adequacy 3 calorie control 4 moderation 5 variety PS helpful if meals occur at regular timing thru out day.
Calorie control
Calorie control should not exceed energy needs
Elemental diet
Liquid diet made with a precise chemical composition for people who cannot eat
Negative of prolonged tube feeding
Digestive organs weaken and atrophy.Lack of digestive stimulation can weaken bodies defenses to fight certain illnesses
Digestive tract also releases hormones to the brain and this diminishes
Phytochemicals
Confer color taste and other characteristics to food
Bioactive
Food components that interact with metabolic processes and may effect disease risks ( related to phytochemical)
Whole foods
Basic foods that have been unprocessed, natural or farm foods? Provide base of nutritious diet
Enriched
Foods to which nutrients have been added
Organic foods
Grown without synthetic pesticides or fertilizers
Processed foods
Subjected to any processing, alteration, additives
5characteristics of nutritious diet
1. Balance 2 adequacy 3 calorie control 4 moderation 5 variety PS helpful if meals occur at regular timing thru out day.
Calorie control
Calorie control should not exceed energy needs
Fat intake
Keep at or below 35% of total calories
True/False
Certain amount of fiber in the diet promotes digestive health, too much leads to nutrient loses
ABCMV habit
Five characteristics of nutritious diet
Ethnic food
Part of heritage. Expression of willingness to share
Fat intake
Keep at or below 35% of total calories
True/false
Choice of where and what to eat is based more on social considerations rather than nutritional judgement TRUE
True/False
Certain amount of fiber in the diet promotes digestive health, too much leads to nutrient loses
Cultiral competence
Awareness and acceptance of ones own and other cultures
ABCMV habit
Five characteristics of nutritious diet
FACTS
Most nut research done since 1900. First vit ident 1897. First protein structure not fully described until mis 1940s
Ethnic food
Part of heritage. Expression of willingness to share
Scientific method
1 observation/question 2 hypothesis/prediction 3 experiment 4 results/interpretation 5 hypothesis (theory developed) not supported
(new observations & questions
True/false
Choice of where and what to eat is based more on social considerations rather than nutritional judgement TRUE
Case studies
Done on individuals
Cultiral competence
Awareness and acceptance of ones own and other cultures
Epidemiological
Whole populations
FACTS
Most nut research done since 1900. First vit ident 1897. First protein structure not fully described until mis 1940s
Scientific method
1 observation/question 2 hypothesis/prediction 3 experiment 4 results/interpretation 5 hypothesis (theory developed) not supported
(new observations & questions
Case studies
Done on individuals
Epidemiological
Whole populations
Intervention studies
Experimental group receive treatment and control group go untreated or receive placebo
Blind study
Subjects do not know who receives treatment or who receives placebo
Intervention studies
Experimental group receive treatment and control group go untreated or receive placebo
Lab studies
Determine mechanisms by which nutrition acts
Blind study
Subjects do not know who receives treatment or who receives placebo
Media claims
Sensationialize single study findings
Lab studies
Determine mechanisms by which nutrition acts
Nutrit research groups
Natioal health and nut exam surveys (NHANES) and
Continuing survey of food intakes by individuals (CSFII)
Media claims
Sensationialize single study findings
Obstacles to change
Competance, confidence, motivation
Nutrit research groups
Natioal health and nut exam surveys (NHANES) and
Continuing survey of food intakes by individuals (CSFII)
Locus of control
Internal belief that individual has control over life's events
Motivation
Reason to change
Obstacles to change
Competance, confidence, motivation
Locus of control
Internal belief that individual has control over life's events
Nutrit density
Measure of nutr provided per calorie of food
Motivation
Reason to change
Nutrit density
Measure of nutr provided per calorie of food