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97 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
dorsum
the uppsr surface of an appendage or part
pronation
rotation of the hand and forearm so that the palm faces backwards or downwards
superior
toward the head
supination
roation of the hand and forearm so that the palm faces forward
abrasion
wearing, grinding, or rubbing away by friction
abscess
a localized collection of pus surrounded by inflamed tissue
cyanosis is due to..
deficient oxygenation of the blood
erythema is due to...
capillary congestion
fissure
break or slit in tissue
gangrene
local death of soft tissues due to loss of blood supply
hirsutism
excessive grwoth of hair
laceration
torn and ragged wound
nodule
small mass of rounded or irregular shape
papule
a small solid elevation of the skin caused by inflammation, accumulated secretion, or hypertrophy of tissue elements
pediculosis
infestation with lice
vesicle
small abnormal elevation of the outer layer of skin enclosing a watery liquid
wheal
a suddenly formed elevation of the skin surface
ID
intradermal
SC
subcutaneous
fundoscopy
obtained by ophthalmoscopic examination of the fundus of the eye
miosis
excessive smallness or contraction of the pupil of the eye
mydriasis
excessive or prolonged dilation of the pupil of the eye
nystagmus
rapid movement of the eyeballs
papilledema
swelling and protusion of the blind spot of the eye caused by edema
OD
oculus dexter (right eye)
OS
oculus sinister (left eye)
OU
oculus uterque (both eyes)
otorrhea
a discharge from the external ear
rinne test
compares air conductino and bone conduction sound
tinnitus
ringing, roaring
vertigo
true twisting motion
weber test
person reports hearing better with one ear than the other
EENT
ears, eyes, nose, throat
biot's respirations
similar to cheyne-stokes, except that the pattern is irregular
cheyne-stokes respirations
respirations increase in rate and depth and then decrease
crepitus
grating or crackling sound
crackles
short, popping, crackling sounds
epistaxis
nosebleed
expectoration
substance ejected fromt he throat or lungs by coughing or hawking and spitting
hemoptysis
expectoration of blood from some part of the respiratory tract
hypercapnia
excess of carbon dioxide in the blood
hyperventilation
excessive rate and depth of respiration leading to abnormal loss of carbon dioxide from the blood
hypoventilation
reduction in oxygen content or increase in the carbon dioxide content in the blood
hypoxemia
deficient oxygenation in the blood
hypoxia
deficiency of oxygen reaching the tissues of the body
kussmaul respirations
deep, rapid breathing, usually the result of an accumulation of certain acids when insulin is not available in the body
rales
an abnormal sound heard accompanying the normal respiratory sounds on auscultation of the chest
rhonchi
whistling or snoring sound
stridor
harsh vibration sound
atelectasis
collapse of the expanded lung
ischemia
deficient supply of blood to a body part that is due to obstruction of the inflow of arterial blood
murmur
atypical sound of the hear typically indicating a functional or structural abnormality
palpitation
an abnormally rapid beating of the heart when excited by violent exertion, strong emotion, or disease
syncope
faint
CAD
coronary artery disease
CHF
chronic heart failure
CVD
cardiovascular disease
anuria
absence of urine excretion
aphagia
loss of the ability to swallow
ascites
abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the spaces between tissues and organs in the abdomen
emesis
vomiting
flatus
gas generated in the stomach or bowels
gingiva
gums
steatorrhea
an excess of fat in the stools
a.c
before meals
NPO
nothing by mouth
p.c.
after meals
abduction
to draw away from median axis
adduction
to draw toward median axis
dorsiflexion
flexion of the foot in an upward direction
eversion
rotated outward
goniometer
instrument for measuring angles
inversion
condition of being rotated inward
kyphosis
humpback
lordosis
excessive concavity in the back
myalgia
pain in one or more muscles
osteoporosis
decrease in bone mass
plantar flexion
movement of the foot that flexes the foot or toes downward toward the sole
pronation
rotatino of the hand so that the palm faces backwards
rotation
turning of a body part about its long axis as if on a pivot
supination
rotation of the forearm and hand so that the palm faces foward
Fx
fracture
agraphia
pathological loss of the ability to write
analgesia
insensilbity to pain without loss of consciousness
aphasia
loss of the power to use or comprehend words, usually from brain damage
ataxia
inability to coordinate voluntary muscular movements
bradykinesia
extreme slowness of movements and reflexes
dysphasia
difficulty using or understanding language
hemiplegia
total or partial paralysis of one side of the body
hyperkinesis
abnormally increased and sometimes uncontrollable activity or muscular movements
lethargy
abnormal drowsiness
paraplegia
paralysis of the lower half of the body
paresthesia
sensation of prickling, tingling, or creeping on the skin having no objective cause
quadriplegia
paraylsis of all four limbs
stupor
mental condition marked by absence of spontaneous movement
CSF
central spinal fluir
EEG
electro encephalogram