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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
normal pH
7.35 - 7.45
normal PaO2
above 90
normal PaCO2
35 - 45
normal HCO3 (bi-carb)
22 - 26
normal base excess
+2 to -2
Respiratory Acidosis
pH decreased
PaCO2 increased
bi-carb indifferent
Metabolic Acidosis
pH decreased
PaCO2 indifferent
bi-carb decreased
Respiratory Alkalosis
pH increased
PaCO2 decreased
bi-carb indifferrent
Metabolic Alkalosis
pH increased
PaCO2 indifferent
bi-carb increased
Alkalosis symptoms/ex.
someone in panic or in pain
common in pts bc we "over ventilate" them
Alkalosis common in..
NG tube to suction
those on diuretics
Diuretics cause alkalosis bc...
-diuretics makes you lose K (potassium)
-kidney will try to absorb more K & will lose H
-hypokalemic can lose additional H+ ions
normal K levels (Potassium)
3.5 - 5.0 mEq/L
normal Na levels (Sodium)
135 - 145 mEq/L
normal Ca levels (Calcium)
8.5 - 10.5 mEq/L