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62 Cards in this Set

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WHERE, ANATOMICALLY, ARE THE KIDNEYS LOCATED?
THORACIC AND 3RD LUMBAR VERTEBRA
HOW MANY NEPHRONS DOES EACH KIDNEY HAVE?
1 MILLION
WHAT IS THE FUNCTIONAL UNIT OF THE KIDNEY?
NEPHRON
WHERE, ANATOMICALLY, DOES THE BLADDER LIE IN MEN AND WOMEN?
MEN--IN FRONT OF THE RECTUM AND ABOVE THE PROSTATE, WOMEN--IN FRONT OF THE UTERUS AND ABOVE THE VAGINA
WHERE DOES FILTRATION TAKE PLACE IN THE NEPHRON?
GLOMERULUS
WHAT % OF GLOMERULAR FILTRATE IS REABSORBED BY THE TUBULE?
99%
WHAT IS THE AVERAGE AMOUNT OF URINE VOIDED AT ONE TIME BY AN ADULT?
250-400ML, AND ALL BUT 5-10 ML OF URINE IS TYPICALLY EMPTIED FROM THE BLADDER
HOW MUCH URINE SHOULD EMPTH FROM THE BLADDER OF A CATHETERIZED PERSON PER HOUR?
30ML
HOW MANY TIME PER DAY IS AVERAGE FOR URINATION?
4-6
WHAT IS ADH RESPONSIBLE FOR?
CONTROL OF WATER SPARING--WORKS IN THE DISTAL TUBULE OF THE NEPHRON BY MAKING THE TUBULE MORE PERMEABLE TO WATER
WHERE IS ADH SECRETED FROM?
HYPOTHALAMUS AND RELEASED BY POSTERIOR PITUITARY
IF ADH IS PRODUCING ITS EFFECT, WILL URINE BE MORE DILUTE OR MORE CONCENTRATED?
MORE CONCENTRATED
APPROX. HOW LONG DOES FOOD TAKE TO MOVE THROUGH THE SMALL INTESTINE?
3-10 HOURS
WHAT ARE THE COMPONENTS OF THE SMALL INTESTINE?
DUODENUM, JEJUNUM, ILEUM
WHAT ARE THE COMPONENTS OF THE LARGE INTESTINE?
CECUM, COLON, RECTUM, ANUS
WHAT VALVE PERMITS MAXIMUM ABSORPTION OF WATER AND NUTRIENTS FROM THE SMALL INTESTINE AND PREVENTS BACKFLOW FROM THE LARGE INTESTINE?
ILEOCECAL VALVE
WHAT ARE THE 4 COMPONENTS OF THE COLON?
ASCENDING, TRANSVERSE, DESCENDING, SIGMOID
HOW MANY SPHINCTERS DOES THE ANUS HAVE?
2
WHICH SLOWS PERISTALSIS--SYMPATHETIC OR PARASYMPATHETIC?
SYMPATHETIC
WHERE DOES MOST OF THE ABSORPTION OF NUTRIENTS AND ELECTROLYTES OCCUR?
DUDENUM AND JEJUNUM
WHEN PRODUCTS OF DIGESTION ARE IN THE ASCENDING COLON ARE THEY IN SOLID OR LIQUID STATE?
LIQUID
AT WHAT POINT DO THE CONTENTS OF THE COLON START TO BECOME SOLID?
AT THE END OF THE TRANSVERSE COLON
WHAT IS THE NORMAL WATER TO SOLID RATIO OF FECES?
75/25
WHAT IS CONSIDERED TO BE THE NORMAL AMOUNT OF FECES PRODUCED DAILY?
150-300GRAMS
WHAT COLOR IS BILIRUBIN?
ORANGE TO DARK YELLOW
HOW MUCH AND HOW MANY TIMES PER DAY TO NEWBORNS URINATE?
15-30 ML UP TO 30-40 TIMES PER DAY
WHAT IS THE AVERAGE OUTPUT IN A 24 HOUR PERIOD FOR NEWBORNS AND INFANTS?
500-600ML
WHAT IS THE AVERAGE AGE OF A CHILD WHO CAN SENSE THE NEED TO VOID?
2 1/2 - 3 YEARS OLD
DO BOYS OR GIRLS TAKE LONGER TO OBTAIN DAYTIME URINARY CONTINENCE?
BOYS
WHICH IS OBTAINED FIRST--BLADDER OR BOWEL FULL CONTROL?
BOWEL
WHAT IS THE TERM FOR URINARY INCONTINENCE?
ENURESIS
WHAT PHYSICAL PROBLEMS DO PEOPLE WHO CANNOT DIGEST GLUTEN EXPERIENCE?
RETENTION OF CARBS AND FAT-THEY EXPERIENCE ABDOMINAL DISTENTION, BLOATING, DIARRHEA, AND BULKY/GREASY STOOLS
T OR F--STRESS AND ANXIETY MAY EFFECT URINARY ELIMINATION BY CAUSING A STRONG URGE TO URINATE?
TRUE
THIS IS THE PRODUCTION OF LARGE AMOUNTS OF URINE IN RELATION TO FLUID INTAKE?
POLYURIA
THIS TERM REFERS TO DISTENTION OF THE KIDNEY PELVIS WITH URINE SECONDARY TO INCREASED RESISTANCE CAUSED BY OBSTRUCTION TO NORMAL URINE FLOW?
HYDRONEPHROSIS
WHAT ARE THE 2 FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO THE FACT THAT MEN GET FEWER UTI'S THAN WOMEN?
1)LONGER URETHRA
2)INCREASED ANTIBACTERIAL PROPERTIES OF PROSTATIC SECRETIONS
WHAT DOES "OCCULT HEMATURIA" MEAN?
URINE CONTAINING BLOOD NOT VISIBLE TO THE EYE
THIS TERM MEANS PAINFUL URINATION?
DYSURIA
WHAT IS REFLEX INCONTINENCE?
INVOLUNTARY LOSS OF URINE WHEN SPECIFIC BLADDER VOLUME IS REACHED--USUALLY SECONDARY TO NEURO IMPAIRMENT
AT HOW MANY DAYS WITHOUT BM SHOULD FECAL IMPACTION BE CONSIDERED?
3-5 DAYS AND OFTEN HAS PASSAGE OF LIQUID STOLLS
WHAT DOES MAGNESIUM ANTACID SOMETIMES CAUSE--CONSTIPATION OR DIARRHEA?
DIARRHEA
WHAT DOES A CARMINATIVE ENEMA DO?
HELPS RELEASE GAS, DISTENDS RECTUM AND COLON, AND STIMULATES PERISTALSIS
HOW OFTEN DOES A CONDOM CATHETER NEED TO BE CHANGED?
EVERY 24 HOURS
WHAT AMOUNT OF BOWEL SOUNDS WOULD INDICATE HYPOACTIVITY?
THOSE OCCURRING GREATER THAN SECONDS APART
THIS TERM REFERS TO THE LOUD RUMBLING GURGLING SOUNDS OFTEN NOTED AFTER LAXATIVE USE?
BOBORYGMOUS
WHAT IS NORMAL SPECIFIC GRAVITY OF URINE?
1.003-1.035
WHAT IS THE NORMAL PH OF URINE?
4.5-8.0
WHAT IS THE NORMAL PROTEIN IN URINE?
2-8 MG/DL
WHAT URINALYSIS TEST IDENTIFIES THE CAUSATIVE ORGANISM FOR A UTI AND THE ANTIBIOTICS TO WHICH THE ORGANISM IS SUSCEPTIBLE?
URINE CULTURE AND SENSITIVITY(C&S)
WHAT URINE TEST MEASURE KIDNEY FUNCTION?
CREATININE CLEARANCE
WHAT STOOL TEST IDENTIFIES PARASITES SUCH AS PROTOZOA AND WORMS GROWING IN THE INTESTINAL TRACT?
O&P (STOOL TEST FOR OVA AND PARASITES)
WHAT STOOL TEST IDENTIFIES WHETHER GI BLEEDING IS OCCURRING BY IDENTIFYING HIDDEN BLOOD IN STOOL?
GUAIAC OR HEMOCCULT TEST
WHAT FOOD WILL, WHEN INGESTED, SOMETINES GIVE A FALSE POSITIVE FOR STOOL OCCULT BLOOD?
RED MEAT
WHAT DOES BUN ASSESS?
BLOOD UREA NITROGEN--REFLECTS EFFICIENCY OF GLOMERULAR FILTRATION BY ASSESSING LEVELS OF NITROGENOUS WASTES IN THE BLOODSTREAM--KIDNEY FUNCTION ASSESSMENT
WHAT IS NORMAL BUN?
5-25MG/DL
WHAT DOES SERUM CREATININE ASSESS?
ASSESSES CREATININE LEVELS IN BLOOD (CREATININE IS A BYPRODUCT OF MUSCLE METABOLISM) IT IS NORMALLY EXCRETED BY KIDNEYS AND IS A MORE SENSITIVE INDICATOR OF KIDNEY FUNCTION THAN BUN
WHAT IS NORMAL SERUM CREATININE?
.5-1.5 MG/DL
HOW SHOULD THE NURSE OBTAIN A STOOL SPECIMEN ONCE PT HAS DEFACATED INTO BEDPAN?
USE A TONGUE BLADE TO T/F A MIDPORTION OF THE SAMPLE TO A SPECIMEN CONTAINER
WHAT ARE URINARY CASTS?
TUBULES IN THE KIDNEYS SECRETS PROTEINS. UNDER SOME CIRCUMSTANCES, THESE PROTEINS PRECIPITATE OUT TO FORM LITTLE CYLINDRICAL IMPRESSIONS OF THE TUBULES CALLED CASTS. IF ANYTHING IS PRESENT IN THE TUBULES AT THE TIME, IT GETS TRAPPED IN THE PROTEIN CASTS.
WHAT IS A URINARY HYALINE CAST AND WHAT DOES IT INDICATE?
MADE OF PROTEIN ITSELF, THEY ARE USUALLY CAUSED BY DEHYDRATION, EXERCISE, AND DIURETIC MEDICINES
WHAT IS A GRANULAR CAST AND WHAT DOES IT INDICATE?
THESE INCLUDE PROMINENT GRANULES AND INDICATE AN UNDERLYING KIDNEY DISEASE
WHAT IS A FATTY CAST AND WHAT DOES IT INDICATE?
RESULT WHEN FATTY MATERIAL IS INCORPORATED INTO THE CAST FROM LIPID-LADEN TUGULAR CELLS AND ARE SEEN IN THE CONDITION OF LIPIDURIA