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78 Cards in this Set

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senile keratosis
Slowly developing, localized thickening of the outer layers of the skin as a result of chronic, excessive exposure to the sun; commonly develops in older adults.
aneurysm
Localized dilation of the wall of a blood vessel, usually caused by arteriosclerosis, hypertension, or a congenital weakness in the vessel wall.
melanoma
Group of malignant neoplasms, primarily of the skin, that are composed of melanocytes; common in fair-skinned people having light-colored eyes and in persons who have had a sunburn; any black or brown spot having an irregular border, pigment appearing to radiate beyond that border, or a red, black, and blue coloration observable on close examination.
apical impulse
Point at which the apex of the heart touches the anterior chest wall; best site for auscultation of heart sounds; also called the point of maximal impulse (PMI).
acute stress disorder
Begins with the person experiencing, witnessing, or being confronted with a traumatic event and responding with intense fear, helplessness, or horror.
bronchophony
Increase in intensity and clarity of the vocal resonance that may result from an increase in the lung tissue density, such as in the consolidation of pneumonia.
therapeutic communication techniques
Specific responses that encourage the expression of feelings and ideas and convey the nurse's acceptance and respect.
lordosis
Increased lumbar curvature.
appraisal
How people interpret the impact of the stressor on themselves, of what is happening and what they can do about it.
ototoxicity
Referring to the characteristic of any drug or substance that has a harmful effect on the eighth cranial nerve or the organs of hearing and balance.
cholecystitis
Inflammation of the gallbladder; may be acute or chronic.
vocal fremitus
Vibrations created by sound waves that can be palpated externally.
exophthalmos
Abnormal protrusion of one or both eyeballs.
narcolepsy
Syndrome involving sudden sleep attacks that a person cannot inhibit; uncontrollable desire to sleep may occur several times during a day.
cystocele
Portion of the vaginal wall and bladder that has prolapsed or fallen into the anterior vaginal orifice.
excoriation
Injury to the skin's surface caused by abrasion.
fight-or-flight response
The stress response that is arousal of the sympathetic nervous system.
thrill
Continuous palpable sensation, like the purring of a cat.
pseudoaddiction
Patient behaviors (drug seeking) that may occur when pain is undertreated.
hypothalamus
Portion of the diencephalon of the brain that activates, controls, and integrates the peripheral autonomic nervous system, the endocrine processes, and many bodily functions such as body temperature, sleep, and appetite.
malignant hyperthermia
Autosomal dominant trait characterized by often fatal hyperthermia in affected people exposed to certain anesthetic agents.
arcus senilis
Thin white ring along the margin of the iris.
nystagmus
Involuntary rhythmic movements of the eyes; the oscillations may be horizontal, vertical, rotary, or mixed.
dysrhythmia
Heartbeat that deviates from the normal pattern.
convection
Transfer of heat away by air movement.
conduction
Transfer of heat from one object to another with direct contact.
exostosis
Abnormal benign growth on the surface of a bone.
diaphoresis
Secretion of sweat, especially profuse secretion associated with an elevated body temperature, physical exertion, or emotional stress.
adventitious sounds
Abnormal lung sounds heard with auscultation.
cataplexy
Condition characterized by sudden muscular weakness and loss of muscle tone.
differentiation
Process by which cells and structures become modified and develop more refined characteristics
psychosocial moratorium
Period of adolescence when society allows the physically mature teenager to delay the assumption of adult responsibilities. This is a time for youth to try a variety of ideological and vocational roles before making a commitment.
decenter
Process that enables a child to concentrate on more than one aspect of a situation.
Nagele's rule
Concept that the estimated due date for a pregnant woman can be determined by counting back 3 months from the last menstrual period and adding 7 days; this calculated due date is based on the belief that the average length of pregnancy is 9 months.
puerperium
Period of approximately 6 weeks after childbirth during which the woman's reproductive system is in transition to the nonpregnant state.
tocolysis
Use of therapeutic interventions to stop labor.
neonatal period
Stage of life from birth to 1 month of age.
menarche
Onset of a girl's first menstruation, usually occurring between the ages of 9 and 16 years.
blastocyst
Embryonic form that arises as a cavity within the morula, where cellular differentiation begins.
reversibility
Child's ability to trace a line of thinking back to where it originated
morula
Early stage of human development in which a solid mass of cells forms from the zygote approximately 3 days after fertilization.
zygote
Fertilized ovum created by the joining of the mother's ovum and father's sperm.
puberty
Developmental period of emotional and physical changes, including the development of secondary sex characteristics and the onset of menstruation and ejaculation.
stochastic theories
Biological theories that consider that aging is caused by random damage that accumulates over time.
seriation
Ability of a child to place objects in order according to their increasing or decreasing size.
ptosis
Abnormal condition of one or both upper eyelids in which the eyelid droops; caused by weakness of the levator muscle or paralysis of the third cranial nerve.
tactile fremitus
Tremulous vibration of the chest wall during breathing that is palpable on physical examination.
stenosis
Abnormal condition characterized by the constriction or narrowing of an opening or passageway in a body structure.
orthostatic hypotension
Drop in systolic blood pressure of 15 mm Hg or more when a person rises from a recumbent position to a sitting or standing position.
primary appraisal
Evaluating an event for its personal meaning.
vocal fremitus
Vibrations created by sound waves that can be palpated externally.
tachycardia
Rapid heart rate ranging between 100 and 150 beats per minute.
radiation
Method of temperature regulation used by the body to lower body temperature.
perfusion
Passage of a fluid, such as blood, through a specific organ or an area of the body.
polyps
Small tumorlike growths that projects from a mucous membrane surface.
murmur
Low-pitched fluttering or humming sound, such as a heart murmur.
acute pain
Follows acute injury, disease, or surgical intervention and has a rapid onset; varies in intensity, and lasts for a brief time, usually less than 6 months.
borborygmi
Audible abdominal sound produced by hyperactive intestinal peristalsis
chancre
Small open ulcer that drains serous material; found on genitalia, associated with syphilis.
pulse pressure
Difference between the systolic and diastolic pressures, normally 30 to 40 mm Hg.
peritonitis
Inflammation of the peritoneum produced by bacteria or irritating substances introduced into the abdominal cavity by a penetrating wound or perforation of an organ in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract or the reproductive tract.
auscultatory gap
Disappearance of sound when obtaining a blood pressure: typically occurs between the first and second Korotkoff sounds.
occlusion
Blockage in a canal, vessel, or passage of the body.
leukoplakia
Thick, raised, pearly-white patch of precancerous tissue found on the lips, buccal mucosa, penis, or vulva.
hypoxemia
Abnormal deficiency of oxygen in arterial blood.
scoliosis
Lateral spinal curvature.
entropion
Condition in which the eyelid turns inward toward the eye.
cherry angiomas
Ruby red papules of the skin.
basal metabolic rate (BMR)
Amount of energy used in a unit of time by a fasting, resting subject to maintain vital functions.
indurated
Hardened tissue, particularly skin, due to edema, inflammation, or infiltration by a tumor.
eczema
Superficial dermatitis of unknown cause.
acromegaly
Chronic metabolic condition caused by overproduction of growth hormone and characterized by gradual, marked enlargement and elongation of bones of the face, jaw, and extremities.
dermatitis
Inflammation of skin characterized by itching, redness, and skin lesions.
opioid
Pertaining to natural and synthetic chemicals that have opium-like effects although they are not derived from opium.
point of maximal impulse (PMI)
Anatomical point along the fourth to fifth intercostal space at the midclavicular line where the heartbeat can most easily be palpated through the chest wall.
hypersomnolence
Excessive sleepiness.
hematocrit
Measure of the packed cell volume of red cells, expressed as a percentage of the total blood volume.
neurotransmitter
Chemical that transfers an electrical impulse from the nerve fiber to the muscle fiber.