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60 Cards in this Set

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abduction
The movement which separates a limb or other part from the axis, or middle line, of the body.
adduction
The action by which the parts of the body are drawn towards its axis
ambulation
The act of walking
anorexia
Loss of appetite
anoxia
Absence of oxygen
asepsis
1. freedom from infectious material. 2. the abscense of viable pathogenic organisms
atelectasis
Total or partial collapse of the lung
atrophy
A wasting or decrease in size of a body organ, tissue, or part owing to disease, injury, or lack of use
circumduction
The circular movement of a limb such that the distal end of the limb delineates an arc
contracture
An abnormal, often permanent shortening, as of muscle or scar tissue, that results in distortion or deformity, especially of a joint of the body
cyanosis
A bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes resulting from inadequate oxygenation of the blood
debridement
Surgical excision of dead, devitalized, or contaminated tissue and removal of foreign matter from a wound.
dorsiflexion
The turning of the foot or the toes upward
edema
An excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue spaces or a body cavity
embolus
A mass, such as an air bubble, a detached blood clot, or a foreign body, that travels through the bloodstream and lodges so as to obstruct or occlude a blood vessel.
erythema
Redness of the skin caused by dilatation and congestion of the capillaries, often a sign of inflammation or infection.
eschar
A dry scab or slough formed on the skin as a result of a burn or by the action of a corrosive or caustic substance.
eversion
The act of turning inside out.
excoriation
To tear or wear off the skin of; abrade
extention
The straightening of a limb, in distinction from flexion.
exudate
A substance that has oozed forth.
fibrosis
formation of fibrous tissues
flaccid
Lacking firmness, resilience, or muscle tone
flexion
The act of bending a joint or limb in the body by the action of flexors.
gait
Pattern of walking.
hygiene
The science that deals with the promotion and preservation of health
hyperextention
Extension of a bodily joint beyond its normal range of motion.
hypertrophy
A nontumorous enlargement of an organ or a tissue as a result of an increase in the size rather than the number of constituent cells
incontinence
The inability to control excretory functions.
ankylosis
The stiffening or immobility of a joint resulting from disease, trauma, surgery, or bone fusion.
interstitial
Relating to or situated in the small, narrow spaces between tissues or parts of an organ
inversion
a turning inward, inside out, or other reversal of the normal relation of a part
ischemia
deficiency of blood in a part, due to functional contriction or action obstruction of a blood vessel
lateral position
denoting a position farther from the median plane or midline of the body or structure
lithotomy
incision of a duct or organ for removal of calculi
logrolling
method of turning patients following neurosurgical procedures when the spine must be maintained in alighnment. Two nurses use a sheet to turn the patient as a unit, if the patient is unable to support the head a third party is neccesary
maceration
the softening of a solid by soaking
necrosis
the morphological changest indicative of cell death cause my enzygomatic degradation
pallor
paleness, as of the skin
pressure
stress or strain , compression, expansion, pull, thrust, or shear
presssure ulcer
an ulcer due to local interference with the circulation
pronation
To turn or rotate (the hand or forearm) so that the palm faces down or back.
vasodilation
Dilation of a blood vessel, as by the action of a nerve or drug.
recumbant position
lying down
restraint
forcible confinement of a confused, disoriented, psyhiotic, or irrational person
rotation
turnin around in an axis
supine position
lying with face upward, or on the dorsal surface
thrombophlebitis
Dilation of a blood vessel, as by the action of a nerve or drug.
thrombus
A fibrinous clot formed in a blood vessel or in a chamber of the heart.
vasoconstriction
Constriction of a blood vessel, as by a nerve or drug.
active range of motion(AROM)
when patient does isotonic expercises in which the client moves each joint in the body through a comple range of motion
urnirary stasis
stoppage or slowdown of flow
Fowlers position
semi sitting position while lieing in bed
high fowlers postion
head and trunk raise 90 degrees while on bed
low fowler postion
head and trunk raised about 15 to 45 degrees
passive range of motion(PROM)
when another person moves wach of the clients joints through their isotonic excercises
sims postion
position between lateral and prone
prone position
client lies on abdomen with head turned to one side
renal calculi
kindney stone
trendelenburg
head of bed is lowered and the foot reiased in a striaght incline