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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What type of symptom is normally present with musculoskeletal problems
Six areas of physical assessment for musculoskeletal assessment include what
Posture, gait, inspection and palpation of joints, ROM, muscle strength, and ability to do ADLs
On inspection of joints, what should you look for
Deformity, edema, redness, swan neck, and ulnar drift
During palpation of joints what should you look for
Temp, fluid, nodules, bony enlargements, bursal swelling, synovial cysts, tohpi deposits, Heberden and Bouchard nodes
Abnormal anterior, concavity of the lumbar part of the back
Abnormal condition of the vertbral column, characterized by increased convexity in the curvature of the thoracic spine as viewed from the side: humpback
Lateral curvature of the spine
Abnormal finger condition: flexion of the distal interphalangeal joint and hyperextension of the proximal interphalangeal joint
Swan neck
Ulnar drift
Long axis of the fingers makes an angle with the long axis of the wrist so that the fingers are deviated to the ulnar side of the hand
An abnormal cartilaginous or bony enlargement of a distal interphalangeal joint of a finger, usually ocurring in a degenerative disease of the joints.
Heberden's node
An abnormal cartilaginous or bony enlargement of a proximal interphalangeal joint of a finger, usually occurring with degenerative diseases of joints.
Bouchard nodes
How and what do you assess during a neurocirculatory assessment
Compare affected limb with unaffected limb: color, temperature, capillary refill, pulse, sensation, movement
The 5 P's of a nerocirculatory assessment
Pain, pallor, pulselessness, parethesia, paralysis
Age related muscle changes
Decrease in muscle strength, mass, and ROM
Age related changes of bones
Bone density decreases, overgrowth (bony spurs), narrowing of joint spaces (particularly weight bearing joints or joints with sustained trauma)
Spinal changes of the older adult
Kyphosis (humpback)
Increased bone prominence
An age related change with the musculoskeletal system
Loss of bone density, leaving the bone porous and easily fractured
3 bones most likely involve with fractures relating to osteoporosis
Wrist, hip, vertebrae