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33 Cards in this Set

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JCAHO
Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare (accredits health care institutions in the U.S.)
Which organization sets the standards for client education?
JCAHO (Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare)
According to the JCAHO, what is the goal of client education?
To promote healthy behaviors and encourage the client's involvement both in the delivery of health care and in health care decisions.
3 Purposes of Client Education
1) Maintenance and promotion of health and illness prevention;
2) Restoration of Health;
3) Copint with Impaired Functioning
Examples of Health Maintenance and Promotion and Illness Prevention
First Aid
Avoidance of risk factors (e.g., smoking, alcohol, etc.)
Stress Management
Growth and Development
Hygiene
Immunizations
Prenatal Care
Nutrition
Exercise
Safety
Screening
Behavior modification
Examples of Restoration of Health
client's disease or condition
anatomy and physiology of body system affected
cause of disease
origin of symptoms
Expected effects on other body systems
prognosis
limitations on function
rationale for treatment
medications
Examples of Coping with Impaired function
Home care
Medications
IV therapy
Diet
Activity
Self-help devices
Teaching
an interactive process that promotes learning.

It consists of a conscious, deliberate set of actions that help individuals gain new knowledge, change attitudes, adopt new behaviors, or perform new skills.
Learning
the purposeful acquisition of new knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and skills.
Learning Objective
describes what the learner will be able to do after successful instruction.
When is teaching most effective?
When it responds to the learner's needs.
The nurse assesses these needs by asking questions and determining the learner's interests.
Which organization created "The Patient Care Partnership" (formerly called "A Patient's Bill of Rights")?
the American Hospital Association
"The Patient Care Partneship"
created by the American Hospital Association, says that patients have the right to make informed decsisions about their care.
Comparison of Terms used in Teaching and Communication
Referent
Sender
Intrapersonal Variables (sender)
Message
Channels
Receiver
Intrapersonal Variables (receiver)
Feedback
Really Sad Is Most Children Readily Ingest Fats
(mnemonic for communication/teaching terms)
Referent
Send
Intrapersonal Variables
Message
Receiver
Intrpersonal Variables
Feedback
Referent
idea/perceived need
Sender
Person who conveys message/Teacher who performs activities aimed at helping other to learn
Message
Information transmitted by sender/Content taught
Channels
Methods used to transmit message (e.g., visual, auditory)/Methods used to present content
Receiver
Person to who message is transmitted/Learner
Intrapersonal Variables (Sender)
Sender's/Teacher's knowledge, values, emotions, experience
Intrapersonal Variables (Receiver)
Receiver's/Leaner's knowledge, values, emotions, experience, willingness and ability to learn
Feedback
Information/Determination that message/learning objectives were/was received/achieved
3 Domains of Learning
1) Cognitive Learning
2) Affective Learning
3) Psychomotor Learning
Cognitive Learning
includes all intellectual behaviors and requires thinking.
Hierarchy of Cognitive Learning
(simplest to most complex)
Knowledge
Comprehension
Application
Analysis
Synthesis
Evaluation
Mneumonic for Congnitive Learning Hierarchy
Knowing Compton Applied Analysis Synthesized Evaluation.
Affective Learning
deals with expression of feelings and acceptance of attitudes, opinions, or values.
Hierarchy of Affective Learning
Receiving
Responding
Valuing
Organizing
Characterizing
Mnuemonic for Affective Learning Hierarchy
Recent Responses Value Orgazing Characters.
Psychomotor Learning
involves acquiring skills that require the integration of mental and muscular activity, such as the ability to walk or to use an eating utensil.
Hierarchy of Psychomotor Learning
Perception
Set
Guided Response
Mechanism
Complex Overt Response
Adaptation
Origination
Mneumonic for Pshychomotor Learning
Persy Set Guided Responses Mechanically Complexing Overt Responses Adapting Origination.